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    Kunming 昆明 (Yunnan-Fu) Yunnan Province China
Location
Lat 25° 2' 20N Long 102° 43' 6E  Kunming 昆明 means "brilliant descendants" at an elevation of 6269' / 1910m in Yunnan Province in southwestern China. Until the 1920s, known as Yunnan-Fou (云南府, Yúnnánfǔ). Today, Kunming is the provincial capital of Yunnan Province.

Prewar
A rail road line connected Kunming southward into French Indochina (Vietnam).

Wartime History
Kunming was the only major city in China that was never occupied by the Japanese during the Sino-Japanese War, Second Sino-Japanese War or Pacific War. The city was bombed by Japanese aircraft. On December 20, 1941 P-40 Warhawks from the American Volunteer Group (AVG) "Flying Tigers" intercept Japanese Army Air Force (JAAF) aircraft over Kunming. During November 1944 Japanese forces overran Luchou and Yungning, threatening Kunming.

During the war, Kunming was at the end of the supply line from India and Burma. Allied lend-lease supplies were flown into Kunming Airfield over the Himalaya Mountains. At the end of the war, supplies arrived via t Ledo Road (Stillwell Road) from India via Burma. On January 12, 1945 the first American convoy "Pick's First Convoy" consisting of 113 vehicles departed Ledo, crossing the Chinese border on January 28, 1945 before arriving at Kunming.

The city was a command center for Chinese, American, British and French forces The Office of Strategic Services' Service Unit Detachment 101 was headquartered in Kunming and whose mission was to divert and disrupt Japanese combat operations in Burma.

Kunming Airfield
Wartime airfield used by the AVG

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Last Updated
October 11, 2018

 

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