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    Hainan Island (Hainan Dao) Hainan Province China

Location
Hainan Island is located in Hainan Province off the southern coast of China. Also known as "Hai-Nan" or "Hainan Dao". Borders the Gulf of Tonking and the South China Sea.

Wartime History
Occupied by the Japanese in 1939, Chinese Communists and the Li natives fought a vigorous guerrilla campaign against the Japanese occupation of 1939-45, but in retaliation over one third of the male population were killed by the Japanese.

American missions against Hainan
October 3, 1943 - April 24, 1945

Postwar
The Nationalist Party re-established control, and Hainan was one of the last parts of China to fall to the Communists when the Nationalists withdrew in 1950.

Samah (Sanya)
Located on the southern coast of Hainan Island, along Samah Bay.

Bakli
Located on the western coast of Hainan Island bordering Bakli Bay. Included Bakli Bay POW Camp.

Kiungshan (Qiongshan)
Located on the northern coast of Hainan Island.

Yulin Bay (Youlin)
Located at the southern tip of Hainan Island. Also known as Yulin Harbor (Youlin).

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Last Updated
September 1, 2018

 

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