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    Rangoon (Yangoon, Yangon, Dagon) Yangon Region Burma (Myanmar)

Location
Lat 16° 48' 19N Long 96° 9' 22E  Rangoon is a port city located in the Yangon Region of Burma (Myanmar). The city is located at the convergence of the Yangon River and Bago River that form the Rangoon River (Hlaing River) empties into the Gulf of Martaban. Borders Rangoon Harbor. Prewar and during the Pacific War known as Rangoon. Today known as Yangoon, Yangon, Dagon.

Wartime History
On March 5, 1942 General Thomas Hutton was removed from command of Allied forces in Burma, and replace by General Sir Harold Alexander. Two days later on March 7, 1942 Allied forces retreated from Rangoon. That same day, Japanese Army troops enter Rangoon and fully occupy the city two days later.

Occupying Rangoon, the Japanese cut off supplies via the Burma Road connecting to China. During the Japanese occupation, the city was used as a base for operations elsewhere in Burma.

As early as April 1942 American heavy bombers from India began conducted bombing missions against Rangoon, until the the start of the monsoon that prevented missions from being flown until December 1942. Bombing mission resumed in 1943 including aerial mining of the Rangoon River and mission by Royal Air Force (RAF) bombers. By November 1943, medium bombers and fighters were in range of Rangoon and joined the aerial campaign.

American missions against Rangoon
December 29, 1942 - March 22, 1945

On April 1, 1945 the British Army 36 Division begin to push from Mandalay down the railroad line towards Rangoon.

On May 3, 1945, Anglo-Indian ground forces from the British Army, supported by the USAAF 10th Air Force and RAF combat and cargo aircraft liberated Rangoon when elements of the 26 Division (Indian) occupied the city. The war against the Japanese in Burma is successfully concluded. Afterwards, pockets of Japanese resistance remained west of the Irrawaddy River and the Mandalay-Pegu area.

Postwar
On January 4, 1948 the city became the capital of the independent Union of Burma. During 1989, the military junta changed the city's English name to "Yangon", along with many other changes in English transliteration of Burmese names.

Today
During 2006, the capital was relocated to Naypyidaw. Today, the city is the capital of Yangon Region. Known as" Yangon" or "Yangoon".

Mahlwagon Marshalling Yard
Wartime rail road station and train yard in Rangoon

Rangoon War Cemetery
Commonwealth cemetery

Rangoon Prison (Rangoon Jail, Rangoon Central Jail)
Also known as Rangoon Central Prison, Rangoon Jail or Rangoon Central Jail. During the Pacific War, a approximately 600 Allied Prisoners Of War (POW) were detained at Rangoon Prison including 313 Americans were held at Moulmein and Rangoon Jail (Burma Camp #5).

Rangoon War Cemetery
Located between Myienegone and Manthawaddy roundabout.

Taukkyan War Cemetery
Located in Taukkyan at Mingaladon includes Taukkyan Memorial

Rangoon Airfield (Yangon Airport)
Located to the north of the city

B-24M Liberator 44-50335
Pilot Wiley shot down March 29, 1945 over Rangoon, all crew captured

Liberator VI "Daring Diana" BZ962
Pilot Arnold crashed February 29, 1944

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Last Updated
January 11, 2018

 

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