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    Kangu Hill (Mount Buin) Bougainville Province Papua New Guinea (PNG)
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AWM Oct 5, 1945

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Yoji Sakaida 2005

Location
Kangu Hill has a commanding view over southern Bougainville, located to the north of Kangu.  The Japanese referred to this feature as "Buin Mountain" or "Mt. Buin".

Prewar
The Jakohina mission and a government station were established at the base of the hill. Both were destroyed during the war, either by the Japanese or by American bombing.

Wartime History
During 1942, occupied by the Japanese, and developed into a headquarters area for the Army and Navy. Heavily fortified with Type 89 127mm anti-aircraft guns with a range finder. Tunnels were dug into the hillside for an underground hospital and radio station powered by a nearby generator bunker.

After the Japanese surrender in September 1945, this area was occupied by the Australian Army, 2nd Corps, headquarters. During early October 1945, the Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit (ANGAU) established their headquarters on Kangu Hill at the site of the prewar government station and worked to rehabilitate native people impacted by the war by providing them providing food and supplies.

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Last Updated
January 11, 2018

 

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