Lat 6° 44' 1S Long 155° 39' 41E Buin is located
inland from Kangu on
the southern coast of Bougainville. During the Pacific War, the Japanese refereed to entire southern coast of Bougainville as "Buin" for the area spanning from Buin in the east to Kangu, Kahili, Kahili Airfield (Buin Airfield), and Tonolei Harbor (Tonolai) to the west. Five kilometers to the north is Kara and Kara Airfield (Toripoil, Buin Airport). Postwar, known as "Buin"
or "Buin Town".
During late 1942, occupied by the Japanese Army and developed into a base area with extensive fortifications. Between late 1942 until the middle of 1943, the area was heavily
targeted by Allied aircraft and bombed. Buin remained under Japanese control until the official surrender of Japan in September 1945.
American missions against Buin
October 16, 1942 - July 22, 1943
Postwar, the present day Buin Town was relocated further inland from Kangu. Badly
ravaged by the effects of the 1990's 'Bougainville Crisis' that
began in this area when rebels attacked PNGDF soldiers, and began
the decade long crisis. The town has only a limited
number of vehicles, petrol and electricity is shut off at night.
With all airports closed on Bougainville, its only connection is
by road along the eastern coast of Bougainville that continues as far north as Bonis or by boat from Kangu on the southern coast of Bougainville.
Sunk July 22, 1943 by air attack sixty miles east of Buin
Hatsuyuki No. 14
Sunk July 17, 1943 off Buin shipwreck discovered and heavily salvaged
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May 16, 2018