Bougainville is located in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville (Bougainville Province) in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Also known as "Bougainville Island". The province encompasses Bougainville Island plus surrounding islands and atolls. To the north is Buka Passage, Buka Island and Sohano Island. To the south is the international border with the Solomon Islands and Western Province.
Prewar and during World War II, Bougainville was considered part of the "North Solomons" or "Northern Solomons" or "Bougainville Province". Prewar, coastal areas of Bougainville were developed into copra plantations planted with coconut palms.
The Catholic church established missions at several locations on Bougainville. The German administration developed coconut palm plantations harvesting copra.
During early 1942 Japanese
forces landed on Bougainville and developed the island into a base area. Long
term occupation plans included resettling Japanese civilians
to a planned settlement "Little Tokyo". On November 1, 1943 American forces landed
at Torokina on the western coast, Relieved by the Australian Army,
fighting continued until September 1945. Of the 80,000 Japanese troops,
only 23,000 survived to be taken prisoner. About 20,000 were
KIA and 37,000 died in the jungle from disease and starvation.
After 1988-1992 "Bougainville Crisis" Bougainville Province was renamed Autonomous Region of Bougainville but remains part of Papua New Guinea (PNG). To the north borders New Ireland Province and to the northwest New Britain Province. To the south is the international border with Solomon Islands and Western Province.
Northern Bougainville District
Selau Suir Rurial LLG
Bonis located at the northern tip of Bougainville with Bonis Airfield borders Buka Passage.
Ruri (Ruri Bay) borders the northeastern corner of Bougainville.
Tinputz Rural LLG
Tinputz located at the northeast corner of Bougainville borders Tinputz Harbor.
Kunua Rural LLG
Sohano Island located in the Buka Passage between Buka Island and Bougainville.
Kunua (Sarime, Konua) inland village near the northwest coast of Bougainville.
Tarlena located in northwestern Bougainville Island.
Chabai located in northwestern Bougainville includes Chabai Airfield.
Porton located in northwestern Bougainville, Australian amphibious landing repulsed.
Taiof Island (Toiokh) located off the northwest corner of Bougainville south of Buka Island.
Soraken located on the Soraken peninsula in northwestern Bougainville.
Central Bougainville District
(Tenakai) located on the eastern coast of Bougainville includes Tenakau Airfield.
Numu (Numanuma) located on the eastern coast of Bougainville start of the Numa Numa Trail.
Ibu located on the center of Bougainville.
Selan located on the western coastal road of Bougainville with Japanese tank.
Arawa located on the eastern coast of Bougainville, Peace Memorial.
Kieta located on the western coast, site of initial Japanese landing on Bougainville.
Kieta Harbor located on the western coast bordering Kieta.
Wakunai located on the northeast coast of Bougainville.
South Bougainville District
Torokina Rural LLG
Empress Augusta Bay borders the western coast of Bougainville, site of U. S. landing.
Torokina (Cape Torokina) village located on western coast Bougainville, site of U. S. landing and Torokina Airfield.
Cape Torokina (Torokina Point) located on western coast Bougainville, site of U. S. landing and Torokina Airfield.
Torokina Island located in Empress Augusta Bay.
Puruata Island located in Empress Augusta Bay.
Magine Islands pair of islands at the northern edge of Empress Augusta Bay.
Gazelle Harbor located at the southern end of Empress Augusta Bay.
Mutupina Point located at the southern end of Empress Augusta Bay.
Piva located inland from the western coast, developed into Piva Airfield (Piva Yoke and Piva Uncle).
Toko coastal village used as Australian Army staging point against Japanese in southwestern Bougainville.
Mawaraka (Mawareka, Mawataka) located on the southwest coast of Bougainville.
Mount Bagana active volcano located at the center of Bougainville.
Mount Billy Mitchell (Eruovi) volcano with crater lake known as Billy Mitchell Lake at the center of Bougainville.
Bana Rural LLG
Boku inland village.
Siwai Rural LLG
Siwai inland village with four tanks abandoned at this location.
Buin Rural LLG
Mamagata located on the southwestern coast of Bougainville.
Kangu located on the southern coast of Bougainville.
Kangu Hill (Mount Buin) high ground to the north of Kangu.
Malabeta Hill (Malabita) located on the southern coast of Bougainville inland from Kangu.
Buin (Buin Town) located on southern Bougainville.
Kahili (Kihili, Kahilli, Buin) located on the southern coast of Bougainville includes Kahili Airfield (Buin Airfield).
Tonolei Harbor (Tonolai) borders Kahili on southern Bougainville.
Konga inland village located in southern Bougainville.
Tonu inland village located in southern Bougainville.
Kara located to the north of Buin, includes Kara Airfield.
Aitara located on the southwest coast of Bougainville.
Muguai located to the east of Kara.
Mutupina Point (Motupena) loctated on southern Bougainville.
Mosigetta located on southern Bougainville.
Harinai located on southern Bougainville.
Monoitu (Monitu) prewar Catholic mission, Japanese occupied until June 1945.
Moila Point located on southwest coast of Bougainville.
Aku inland village in southern Bougainville.
Olava located on East Point (East Cape) at the southeast corner of Bougainville.
Erventa Harbor (Buin Harbor) located on the souther coast of Bougainville between Kangua and Buin.
Buin Rural LLG Offshore Islands
Erventa Island small island off southern Bougainville.
Popotala Island small island off southern Bougainville.
Ratan Island small island off southern Bougainville.
Ovau Island small island off southern Bougainville.
Taurato Island (Tuarato Island) small island off southeastern Bougainville.
Alasina Island small island off southeastern Bougainville
Sand Island small island located to the south of Tonolei Harbor.
Antarara Island small island off southwest Bougainville.
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July 6, 2019