Bougainville Island is located in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville (Bougainville Province) in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The province encompasses Bougainville Island plus the surrounding islands and atolls. To the north is Buka Passage, Buka Island and Sohano Island. To the south is the international border with the Solomon Islands and Western Province.
During the prewar period and Pacific War, Bougainville was considered part of the "North Solomons" or "Northern Solomons" or "Bougainville Province". Prewar, coastal areas of Bougainville were developed into copra plantations planted with coconut palms. The Catholic church established missions at several locations.
During early 1942 Japanese
forces landed on Bougainville and developed the island into a base area. Long
term occupation plans included resettling Japanese civilians
to a planned settlement "Little Tokyo". On November 1, 1943 American forces landed
at Torokina on the western coast, Relieved by the Australian Army,
fighting continued until September 1945. Of the 80,000 Japanese troops,
only 23,000 survived to be taken prisoner. About 20,000 were
KIA and 37,000 died in the jungle from disease and starvation.
After 1988-1992 "Bougainville Crisis" Bougainville Province was renamed Autonomous Region of Bougainville but remains part of Papua New Guinea (PNG). To the north borders New Ireland Province and to the northwest New Britain Province. To the south is the international border with Solomon Islands and Western Province.
Northern Bougainville District
Bonis located at the northern tip of Bougainville with Bonis Airfield borders Buka Passage.
Ruri (Ruri Bay) borders the northeastern corner of Bougainville Island.
Tarlena located in northwestern Bougainville Island.
Chabai located in northwestern Bougainville includes Chabai Airfield.
Porton located in northwestern Bougainville, Australian amphibious landing repulsed.
Central Bougainville District
(Tenakai) located on the coast of eastern Bougainville, Tenakau Airfield.
Numu located on the coast of eastern Bougainville.
Ibu located on the center of Bougainville.
Selan located on the western coastal road of Bougainville with Japanese tank.
Kieta located on the western coast, site of initial Japanese landing on Bougainville.
Kieta Harbor located on the western coast bordering Kieta.
Arawa located on the eastern coast of Bougainville, Peace Memorial.
South Bougainville District
Mamagata located on the southwestern coast of Bougainville.
Kangu located on the southern coast of Bougainville.
Kangu Hill (Mount Buin) high ground to the north of Kangu.
Malabeta Hill (Malabita) located on the southern coast of Bougainville inland from Kangu.
Buin (Buin Town) located on southern Bougainville.
Kahili (Kihili, Kahilli, Buin) located on the southern coast of Bougainville includes Kahili Airfield (Buin Airfield).
Tonolei Harbor (Tonolai) borders Kahili on southern Bougainville.
Konga inland village located in southern Bougainville.
Tonu inland village located in southern Bougainville.
Kara located to the north of Buin, includes Kara Airfield.
Aitara located on the southwest coast of Bougainville.
Muguai located to the east of Kara.
Mosigetta located on southern Bougainville.
Harinai located on southern Bougainville.
Monoitu (Monitu) prewar Catholic mission, Japanese occupied until June 1945.
Moila Point located on southwest coast of Bougainville.
Aku inland village nearest to Admiral
Yamamoto G4M1 Betty.
Olava located on East Point at the southeastern corner Bougainville.
Erventa Harbor (Buin Harbor) located on the souther coast of Bougainville between Kangua and Buin.
Empress Augusta Bay borders the western coast of Bougainville, site of U. S. landing.
Torokina (Cape Torokina) located on western Bougainville, site of U. S. landing and Torokina Airfield.
Torokina Island located in Empress Augusta Bay.
Puruata Island located in Empress Augusta Bay.
Gazelle Harbor located at the southern end of Empress Augusta Bay.
Mutupina Point located at the southern end of Empress Augusta Bay.
Piva located inland from the western coast, developed into Piva Airfield (Piva Yoke and Piva Uncle).
Toko coastal village used as Australian Army staging point against Japanese in southwestern Bougainville.
Kunua (Sarime, Konua) inland village near the northwest coast of Bougainville
Mawaraka (Mawareka, Mawataka) located on the southwest coast of Bougainville
Mount Bagana active volcano located at the center of Bougainville
Siwai inland village with four tanks abandoned at this location.
Southern Bougainville offshore islands
Erventa Island small island off southern Bougainville.
Popotala Island small island off southern Bougainville.
Ratan Island small island off southern Bougainville.
Ovau Island small island off southern Bougainville.
Oema Island small island off southeastern Bougainville.
Taurato Island small island off southeastern Bougainville.
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March 11, 2018