5° 49' 60N Long 118° 7' 0E Located on the north-east coast of Borneo surrounded by Sandakan Harbor and Berhala Island (Berhala Rock). Sandakan means "the place that was pawned" in the Sulu language. Also known as "Kampung German"
for German immigrants that settled here and later known as "Elopura" (Beautiful City) but the name reverted back to
On January 19, 1942 occupied by the Japanese Army. During the war, developed into a large base area. On July 1, 1945 assaulted by Australian Army 17th Division troops and liberated.
Harbor to the south of Sandakan town. Located at the entrance to the harbor is Berhala Island (Berhala Rock).
Japanese airifeld built by POW labor. Still in use today
During the Pacific War, thousands
of Australian and British POWs were interned at Sandakan, before
being marched across Borneo during the "Borneo Death Marches".
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January 11, 2018