Western Australia (WA) encompasses the entire western third of Australia. Borders the Northern Territory (NT) to the northeast.
Broome located on the northern coast bordering Roebuck Bay suffered two Japanese air raids.
Roebuck Bay borders Broome used as a seaplane anchorage.
Wyndham suffered two Japanese air
Derby includes Derby Airfield that was attacked once.
Pearce located to the north of Perth includes Pearce Airfield.
Perth coastal city that was an important base for submarines.
Truscott includes Truscott Airfield.
Corunna Downs includes Corunna Downs Airfield.
Drysdale (Kalumburu) northernmost settlement in Western Australia includes Drysdale Airfield.
Fremantle coastal city and Allied Naval base
The German raider Kormoran had entered
the Indian Ocean in May 1941 and in the following six months sank eight
merchant ships, none in Australian waters although it sailed within
the Australian Station. At 4 pm on 19 November 1941, HMAS Sydney returning
to Fremantle from Java sighted the Kormoran about 200 miles west of
Carnarvon, Western Australia. For 90 minutes the Kormoran tried to pass
itself off as a Dutch vessel but when all chance of deception evaporated
opened fire on HMAS Sydney with guns and torpedoes. The action lasted
30 minutes with both ships being crippled and set ablaze. Both sank
and the entire complement of HMAS Sydney was lost.
During 1943, surface raiders and submarines
operated in the Indian Ocean but mainly along the African and Indian
coasts. In June 1943 a German raider sank two ships about 1000 miles
off the Western Australian coast, outbound from Fremantle and Exmouth.
Surface raiders and submarines continued
to operate in the Indian Ocean in 1944 to the south of India and into
the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. The last sinkings on both the
eastern and western coasts of Australia were made by the same German
U-boat, U-862. It left Djakarta on 17 November 1944 to operate off the
west coast of Australia but then continued along the south coast through
Bass Strait into the Tasman Sea. On 25 December, U-862 sunk the Liberty
ship Robert J Walker, 100 miles north of Gabo Island and on 6 February
1945 while returning to Djakarta sank the motor vessel Peter Silvester.
This was the last submarine attack on the Australian Station.
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July 17, 2019