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    Melbourne Victoria¬†Australia
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USMC 1943

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Peter Flahavin 2003

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USMC 1943

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Peter Flahavin 2003

Lat 37° 49' 60S Long 145° 0' 0E ¬†Melbourne is located in Victoria in Austrlaia. To the south is the Port of Melbourne and Port Philip Bay. To the southwest is Point Cook. To the west is Laverton.

Wartime History
Important city in Australia's wartime history, as the headquarters of RAAF, US Army and the 1st Marines recouperated in the city after service in Guadalcanal. Tension was created for the US Army when Private Eddie Leonski was found to have killed three Melbourne women.

The exhausted 1st Marine Division left Guadalcanal in December 1942 and was sent to Brisbane, Australia. However their camp turned out to be in a malarial area, something the troops had just endured for six months. General Vandergrift moved the Division to Melbourne in January 1943, which received the Marines with every hospitality. Melbourne was the only large city the 1st Marine Division saw during the entire Pacific war.

Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG)
The 1st Marine Regiment was quartered at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, which was near the center of the city. The stadium remains in use to this day.

The 7th Marines were 30 kilometers to the south-east at the bay side suburbs of Balcombe, Mt Martha and Frankston and the 11th Marines went to the town of Ballarat, 100 kms north west of Melbourne.

Suburb 17km southwest of Melbourne.

Laverton Airfield (RAAF Base Laverton)
RAAF airfield used by USAAF, today the suburb of Williams Landing.

Tullamarine Airfield (Melbourne Airport)
Built 1939. Still in use today as Melbourne Airport.

Essendon Airfield (Melbourne Essendon Airport)
Built 1921 at Essendon. Still in use today as Melbourne Essendon Airport.

Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation (CAC)
The headquarters and factory were located at the Port of Melbourne between 1937 until 1985. During the Pacific War, CAC designed Boomerangs, Wirraways and Wackets were manufactured. In the early stages of the Pacific War disassembled American aircraft shipped overseas as cargo were reassembled at the CAC factory.

Department of Aircraft Production (DAP)
Located at the Fishermans Bend suburb of Melbourne. Previously known as Government Aircraft Factories (GAF). During World War II, licence built the Bristol Beaufort for the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).

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Last Updated
September 1, 2018


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Marines in Melbourne
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