Pacific Wrecks
Pacific Wrecks   Donate Now  
Search Chronology Locations Aircraft Vessels Missing In Action (MIA)
 
    Alaska (Territory of Alaska)  United States

Location
The Aleutian Island Chain (Aleutian Islands) spans to the west towards the Bearing Straight. Mainland Alaska borders Canada to the south and east.

Wartime History
During the night of June 6-7, 1942 a Japanese Army detachment landed on Attu meeting no resistance and 41 people nearly all Aleuts were taken prisoner. Kiska was taken on the early afternoon of June 7, 1942 by 350 men of the Special Naval Landing Force (SNLF). There was no resistance, and they captured the staff of small US weather station. This being the first time a foreign attacker had occupied US territory since the British during the War of 1812.

From a strategic position, the Japanese capture was pointless after the US victory at Midway. But, their recapture took an unconscionably long time because Nimitz felt he could not spare the forces to dislodge the Japanese. 

The Alaskan campaign has special aviation importance because it was the first location where a relatively intact Japanese Zero was captured during the war. This intelligence gold mine was specially shipped back to the US to be studied and analyzed by engineers to find weaknesses in its design, and applied lessons learned to American designs in progress.

Alaska Mainland
Anchorage  located in southern Alaskan mainland, capital of Alaska, Fort Richardson and Elmendorf Field
.
Juneau  located on the Gastineau Channel in the panhandle of Alaska.
Fairbanks  located in the center of Alaska.
Nome  borders Norton Sound.
Seward  located on the southern coast of Alaska.
Kodiak Island  located off the southern coast of the Alaska mainland bordering the Shelikof Strait.
Alaska Peninsula
Cold Bay  located on the Alaska Peninsula.
Cold Bay Airfield  located at Cold Bay.
Port Heiden  located on the Alaska Peninsula.
Alexander Archipelago (Alaska Panhandle)
Sitka  located on the western coast of Baranof Island.
Gravina Islands
Annette Island (Taak'w Aan, Tlingit)  located in the Gravina Islands in the Alexander Archipelago.
Aleutian Island Chain (Aleutian Islands) Alaska, United States
Aleutian Island Chain (Aleutian Islands)  located to the west of the Alaskan mainland and Alaska Peninsula.
Near Island Group (Near Islands)
Near Island Group (Near Islands)  located at the western end of the Aleutian Islands.
Attu Island  occupied by the Japanese June 6, 1942, liberated by the U. S. Army on May 11, 1943.
Massacre Bay  located on the southern coast of Attu Island.
Chichagof Harbor  located on the eastern side of Attu Island.
Attu Airfield (NAS Attu, Casco Field, Alexai Point)  located at Alexai Point and Casco Cove on Attu Island.
Attu Airfield (Japanese)  built by the Japanese bordering Holtz Bay on Attu Island, never completed.
Agattu Island  located in the Near Islands briefly occupied by the Japanese during June-July 1942.
MacDonald Bay (MacDonald Cove)  borders the northeast corner of Agattu Island.
Semichi Island Group (Semichi Islands)
Semichi Island Group (Semichi Islands)  located in the Near Island Group borders Semichi Pass to the east.
Alaid Island  located in the Semichi Islands.
Nizki Island  located in the Semichi Islands.
Shemya Island  located in the Semichi Island Group.
Shemya Airfield (Eareckson Air Force Station)  located on Shemya Island.
Rat Island Group (Rat Islands)
Rat Island Group (Rat Islands)  located at the western end of the Aleutian Islands.
Kiska Island  located in the Rat Islands occupied by the Japanese June 6, 1942 until July 23, 1943.
Kiska Harbor  located on the eastern shore of Kiska Island.
Little Kiska Island  located in the Rat Islands off Kiska Island bordering Kiska Harbor.
Segula Island  located in the Rat Islands to the west of Kiska Island.
Rat Island (Kryssei, Hawadax)  located in the Rat Islands to the west of Kiska Island.
Khvostof Island  located in the Rat Islands.
Davidof Island  located in the Rat Islands.
Little Sitkin Island  located in the Rat Islands.
Amchitka Island  located in the Rat Islands staging base for the Allied liberation of Attu and Kiska.
Constantine Harbor  inlet on the eastern end of the north coast of Amchitka Island.
Amchitka Airfield  built by the U. S. Army used for the duration of the Pacific War.
Semisopochnoi Island  located at the eastern end of the Rat Islands.
Buldir Island

Buldir Island (Buldyr)  between the Near Islands and Rat Islands.
Delarof Island Group (Delarof Islands)
Delarof Island Group (Delarof Islands)  also known as the western Andreanof Islands.
Amatignak Island  located in the Delarof Islands.
Gareloi Island (Anangusook)  located in the Delarof Islands.
Ilak Island  located in the Delarof Islands, B-24 crash site.
Kavalga Island (Qavalĝa)  located in the Delarof Islands.
Ogliuga Island (Aglaga)  located in the Delarof Islands.
Skagul Island (Sxaĝulax̂)  located in the Delarof Islands.
The Tags Island (Tagachaluĝis)  located in the Delarof Islands.
Tanadak Island (Tanaadax̂)  located in the Delarof Islands.
Ugidak Island (Qagan-tanax̂)  located in the Delarof Islands.
Ulak Island  located in the Delarof Islands.
Unalga Island (Unalĝa, Delarof)  located in the Delarof Islands.
Andreanof Island Group (Andreanof Islands)
Gareloi Island  located in the Andreanof Islands.
Tanaga Island  located in the Andreanof Islands.
Little Tanaga  located in the Andreanof Islands.
Kanaga Island  located in the Andreanof Islands.
Adak Island  largest island in the Andreanof Islands, developed into an Allied base.
Adak Airfield  located on Adak Island.
Kagalaska Island  located in the Andreanof Islands.
Great Sitkin Island  located in the Andreanof Islands.
Atka Island  located in the Andreanof Islands.
Nazan Bay  borders Atka Island advanced seaplane base during June-September 1942.
Amlia Island  located in the Andreanof Islands.
Seguam Island  located in the Andreanof Islands.
Fox Island Group (Fox Islands)
Fox Island Group (Fox Islands)  located nearest to the Alaskan mainland, to the east is Samalga Pass.
Umnak Island  largest and westernmost in the Fox Islands.
Umnak Airfield (Otter Point, Fort Glenn)  located on Umnak Island.
Unalaska Island  located in the Fox Islands.
Unalaska  located on Unalaska Island in the Fox Islands.
Dutch Harbor  borders Unalaska attached by Japanese aircraft June 3-4, 1942.
Amaknak Island (Umaknak)  located in the Fox Islands.
Akutan Island  located in the Fox Islands, A6M2 Zero crash site recovery.
Akun Island  located in the Fox Islands.

 

Contribute Information
Do you have photos or additional information to add?

Last Updated
September 19, 2017

 

Map
Map Fallingrain
    All rights reserved.  
  Pacific Wrecks Inc. is a non-profit 501(c)(3) charity dedicated to bringing home those Missing In Action (MIA) and leveraging new technologies in the study of World War II Pacific and the Korean War.  
Facebook Twitter YouTube Google Plus Instagram
 
Forum Updates People Museums Reviews Submit Info How You Can Help