Cabanatuan POW Camp was located
four miles southwest of Cabanatuan in Nueva Ecija Province in Luzon in the Philippines.
Built prewar by the American colonial administration as a Department of Agriculture station. Later used as a training camp for the Philippine Army 91st Division. On November 14, 1941 Cabanatuan
was mobilized for war.
After the Japanese occupation in 1942, the camp was converted by the Imperial Japanese Army into the Cabanatuan POW Camp. The rectangular camp spanned roughly 25 acres and was 800 yards deep by 600 yards wide, divided by a road in the center. The camp consisted of a barracks for Japanese guards, barracks for prisoners, a hospital and water tower enclosed by barbed wire with guard towers.
At its height, 8,000 prisoners were detained at this location including
thousands of American POWs from the US Army (USA), US Navy (USN) and US Marine Corps (USMC) who had survived the Bataan Death
March and had been temporary internment at Camp
O'Donnel. The prisoners also included some civilians including one British and one
Norwegian citizen. This POW Camp detained prisoners until liberated during the night of January 30, 1945.
Cabanatuan Raid (The Great Raid)
A secret raid
by 121 US Army 6th Ranger Battalion "Alamo
Scouts" commanded by Henry Mucci, and guerrillas commanded
by Juan Pajota and Eduardo Joson planned a secret mission to attack Cabanatuan POW Camp and liberate
The attacking force consisted of 133 Americans and approximately 250 guerrillias that assembled at Dagupan the proceeded to
Calasio and Gimbu, before marching by foot to Cabanatuan a total distance of 30 miles, into Japanese occupied territory.
During the night of January 30, 1945 the Rangers attacked Cabanatuan POW Camp while Filipino guerrillas conducted a diversionary raid at nearby Cabu Bridge. The raid was sucessful and resulted in the liberation of 513 prisoners. The US Army suffered 2 killed, 4 wounded and two prisoners died. Filipino guerillias suffered 21 wounded. This raid is considered one of the most successful rescue mission of its type in the annals of U. S. military history.
After the war, the remains buried at the camp cemetery were
disinterred and permenantly buried at Manila
American War Cemetery or returned to the United States for burial according to the wishes of each family. Cabanatuan was disused since the war.
The former Cabanatuan POW camp is open to the public as a historical site and has two memorials inside the perimeter of the former camp.
Water Tower Foundations
only physical remains of the Cabanatuan POW Camp are six concrete foundation
blocks from the camp water tower. These are a reminder of the camp that once occupied this location.
Cabanatuan American Memorial
This memorial was dedicated in 1982 with funds raised by the
Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor Foundation. This large wall
has inscribed the names all those who died in Cabanatuan
during 1942-1945, including foreign nationals. Today, this monument is administered by the American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC). During 2016, the memorial was under renovation.
US Army Ranger Memorial
Outside the camp memorial,
is another memorial dedicated in 2003 to the US Army and Filipino guerrillas who
successfully liberated the camp on the night of January 30, 1945. The memorial consists of two memorial plaques: the left plaque in English and the right plaque in Tagalog.
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Cabanatuan American Memorial
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Names Listed on the Cabanatuan Memorial [PDF]
Hubert Caloud, ABMC assistant superintendent of Manila American Cemetery for additional information
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January 9, 2018