WEDNESDAY, 1 AUGUST 1945
Twentieth Air Force: During the night of 1/2 Aug, 801 of 836 B-29s dispatched
carry out a mining, five fire-bomb and one bombing mission on Japan; 1 B-29 is lost.
Mission 305: 37 B-29s drop mines into Shimonoseki Strait, Nakaumi Lagoon,
at Hamada, Sakai, Yonago, Najin, and Seishin; 5 others mine alternate targets.
Mission 306: 169 B-29s attack Hachioji urban area destroying 1.12 sq mi
(2.9 sq km), 80% of the city; 3 others hit alternate targets; 1 B-29 is lost.
Mission 307: 173 B-29s hit the Toyama urban area, a center of aluminum, ball bearing
and special steel production, destroying 1.87 sq mi (4.84 sq km), 99.5% of the city; 1 other hits an alternate target.
Mission 308: 125 B-29s attack the Nagaoka urban area destroying 1.33 sq miles, 65.5% of the city; 5 others hit alternate targets.
Mission 309: 160 B-29s hit the Mito urban area destroying 1.7 sq miles, 65% of the city; 1 other hits a target of opportunity.
Mission 310: 120 B-29s bomb the Mitsubishi Oil Company at Kawasaki but could
only add slightly to the damage previously inflicted; 2 other hit targets of
opportunity. 30+ Iwo Jima based P-51s hit airfields and other targets in the
Osaka-Nagoya area; bad weather prevents numerous other fighters from
Tenth Air Force: Major General Albert F Hegenberger becomes Commanding General
Tenth AF and HQ Tenth AF moves from Piardoba to Kunming (HQ at
Kunming was officially opened on 23 Jul). The scheduled role of the Tenth AF
in China is almost identical with its completed Burma mission: to act as the
tactical AF giving direct support and providing air supply to Chinese ground
forces operating S of the 27th parallel N.
Fourteenth Air Force: In China, bad weather severely curtails operations;
P-61s effectively sweep rivers in the Wuchou, Canton, and Tsingyun areas, sinking
several large junks and sampans. Unit moves in China: the 26th Fighter Squadron,
51st Fighter Group, from Kunming to Nanning with P-51s; 322d Troop Carrier Squadron, Fourteenth AF, from Loping to Liangshan with C-47s.
Unit moves in China during Aug 45: HQ 23d Fighter Group and 74th and 75th Fighter
Squadrons from Luliang to Liuchow with P-51s (the detachment of the 74th operating
from Tushan also moves to Liuchow); 528th, 529th and 530th Fighter Squadrons,
311th Fighter Group from Shwangliu and Pungchacheng respectively to Hsian with
Far East Air Force (FEAF): B-24s bomb shipyards at Pontianak, Borneo and other
B-24s hit barracks and AA guns along Makassar Strait. P-38s
strafe locomotives in the Soerabaja, Java area. On Luzon Island, P-38s support
ground forces ENE and SE of Mankayan and, along with US Marine Corps (USMC)
aircraft, pound enemy positions and concentrations in the Upian area. In French
Indochina, B-24s bomb the Tourane marshalling yard while escorting P-51s strafe
boxcars at Quang Nam. Other B-24s strike military stores at Takao.
In Japan, about 50 B-24s bomb targets in the Nagasaki dock and harbor area;
B-25s and fighter-bombers in the Nagasaki area hit docks, railroad yards, and
shipping; other B-24s bomb Koniya Airfield and hit Kakeroma Island; 80+ P-47s
hit railroad bridges and other railroad targets at Sendai and P-47s fly their
first combat mission from Iwo Jima, joining VII Fighter Command P-51s in a
sweep over S Honshu Island; and rolling stock and airfields are attacked in
the Okazaki, Itami, and Nagoya areas. Unit moves during Aug 45: HQ V Bomber
Command and HQ V Fighter Command from Clark
Field, Luzon to Okinawa; HQ 71st
Reconnaissance Group from Binmaley, Luzon to Ie Shima; 22d Troop Carrier Squadron,
374th Troop Carrier Group, from Finschhafen to Nielson
with C-47s; the detachment of the 550th Night Fighter Squadron, XIII Fighter
Command, operating from Sanga Sanga with P-61s, returns to base
Leyte. HQ AAF: During Aug 45, the 4th Reconnaissance Squadron (Long Range,
Photographic), 311th Reconnaissance Wing (attached to 6th Reconnaissance Group),
based at Tacloban,
Leyte Island with F-7s, sends the detachment operating from Clark
to operate from Okinawa (squadron is mapping areas of the SW and W Pacific).
THURSDAY, 2 AUGUST 1945
ALEUTIAN ISLANDS (Eleventh Air Force): On Shimushu,
5 B-24s visually bomb Kataoka Naval Base and 1 radar-bombs Kokutan Zaki and
returns to base (600 miles or 966 km) on 3 engines.
Twentieth Air Force: Lieutenant General Nathan F Twining relieves Lieutenant
General Curtis Emerson LeMay as Commanding General Twentieth AF; LeMay is assigned
to USASTAF as Chief of Staff.
Fourteenth Air Force: In China, 10 B-25s, escorted by 2 P-47s, knock out a
bridge at Sinyang and severely damage a bridge at Lohochai; 7 B-25s bomb the
town of Sinning, and hit several truck convoys between Siangtan and Changsha
and in the Siang Chiang Valley; 31 P-51s also bomb the town of Sinning; 40+
P-47s and P-51s knock out at least 3 bridges and damage others and attack shipping,
fuel dumps, gun positions, trucks, railroad yards and general targets of opportunity
around Sichuang, Shangkao, Yoyang, Hankow, Mingkiang, Sincheng, Yutze, Houmachen, Yuncheng, Anyang, and Kaoyi.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Bad weather cancels all FEAF
missions from Okinawa. Thirteenth AF P-38s support ground forces on N Luzon,
hitting pockets of resistance W of Kiangan and blasting enemy occupied caves
on a ridge NW of Bontoc.
FRIDAY, 3 AUGUST 1945
Twentieth Air Force: Fighters from Iwo Jima fly nearly 100 effective sorties
throughout the Tokyo area, hitting airfields, rail installations, and trains.
Fourteenth Air Force: 16 B-25s pound various railroad targets in E China; 50+ fighter-bombers attack bridges, railroad yards, storage areas, enemy troops, river and rail traffic, and various other targets as the campaign to disrupt the Japanese retreat from S and E China continues in spite of considerable bad weather
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: P-38s and B-25s support ground forces in N Luzon, hitting buildings in the Apunan area and Japanese positions at various locations including ridges SW of Kiangan and W of Banaue. B-24s bomb airstrips at Tanamon and Sidate on Celebes Island and bomb the seaplane base on Kangean Island in the Java Sea.
IJN: J7W1 Shinden Prototype No. 1 made a short, successful test flight piloted by designer Captain Masaoki Tsuruno.
SATURDAY, 4 AUGUST 1945
Tenth Air Force: The 127th, 155th and 156th Liaison Squadrons (Commando),
US Army Forces, Pacific, begin a movement from Kalaikunda, India to Okinawa.
Fourteenth Air Force: In China, bad weather hampers operations however, 4
B-25s damage the Sincheng railroad bridge, 4 B-25s and 2 P-51s bomb Pailochi
Airfield and hit trucks in the area, and 7 P-51s damage 12 locomotives between
Taiyuan and Tsinan, destroy or damage several trucks near Shihkiachwang, and
bomb a bridge near Chihsien. The detachment of the 490th Bombardment Squadron, 341st Bombardment Group, operating from Hsian with
B-25s, returns to base at Hanchung.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-25s over Kyushu hit
an industrial area near Takanabe, bombing warehouses, factories, a railroad
bridge, and marshalling yard. B-25s and P-38s support ground forces on Luzon,
hitting Japanese forces near Santa Ines, in the Butitio area, and near Mount
Obudan. B-24s support the ground action S of Fabrica on Negros Island. B-24s
bomb Miti Airfield. P 38s on a sweep over Singapore claim two Japanese planes downed. The 20th Reconnaissance Squadron (Long Range,
Photographic-RCM), 6th Reconnaissance Group, moves from Clark
to Okinawa with F-7s; the ground echelon of the 36th Photographic Reconnaissance
Squadron, 6th Reconnaissance Group, arrives on Okinawa from Clark
echelon at Clark Field until Sep 45).
SUNDAY, 5 AUGUST 1945
Eighth Air Force: HQ 333d Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) and 435th, 460th
and 507th Bombardment Squadrons (Very Heavy) arrive at Kadena from
the US with B-29s.
Twentieth Air Force: During the night of 5/6 Aug, 612 B-29s fly 1 mining,
1 bombing and 4 incendiary raids against Japan; 2 B-29s are lost. Mission 311:
27 B-29s mine the waters of the Sakai, Yonago, Nakaumi Lagoon, Miyazu, Maizuru, Tsuruga, Obama, Najin and Geijitsu areas; 1 other B-29 mines
an alternate target. Mission 312: 63 B-29s attack the Saga urban area destroying
0.02 sq mi (0.05 sq km), 1.5% of the city; 1 B-29 is lost. Mission 313: 92
B-29s hit the Maebashi urban area destroying 1 sq mi (2.59 sq km), 42.5% of
the city; 4 others hit alternate targets. Mission 314: 250 B-29s attack the
Nishinomiya-Mikage urban area destroying 2.8 sq mi (7.25 sq km), 29.6% of the
city; 3 others hit alternate targets; 1 B-29 is lost.
Mission 315: 106 B-29s bomb the Ube Coal Liquefaction Co. facility at Ube destroying 100% of the refining units and destroying or damaging 80% of other structures; 2 others hit alternate targets.
Mission 316: 64 B-29s attack the Imabari urban area destroying 0.73 sq mi (1.89 sq km), 76% of the city area. HQ
VII Fighter Command is officially assigned to HQ Twentieth AF. 100+ P-51s strike airfields and military installations in large area around Tokyo, scoring especially effective hits at Katori Airfield.
Fourteenth Air Force: In China, 20 P-51s knock out a bridge NW of Anyang and damage another NE of Kiehsiu, attack railroad targets during sweeps from Taiyuan to Suchow and Tehsien to Pengpu, and strafe rivercraft between Ichang and Lokehang.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: In Japan, 330+ B-24s, B-25s, A-26s, P-47s, and P-51s pound Tarumizu town, the industrial area on Kyushu and many targets of opportunity on Kyushu and in the Ryukyu Islands. P-38s support ground forces on Luzon, hitting Japanese concentrations ENE of Naguilian, near Mount Data, and at other points. B-24s pound Japanese positions S of Fabrica. Other B-24s bomb supply and personnel areas and AA positions in the Makassar area. B-24s bomb Miti. The 80th Fighter Squadron, 8th Fighter Group, moves from San Jose, Mindoro to Ie Shima with P-38s.
MONDAY, 6 AUGUST 1945
20th Air Force: The world's first atomic attack takes place. At 0245
hours, Colonel Paul W Tibbets pilots B-29 "Enola Gay" 44-86292 off the runway at North
Field at 2-minute intervals, 2 observation B-29s follow (Major
Charles W Sweeney's GREAT ARTISTE and Captain George W Marquardt's Number 91.
At 0915 hours (0815 hours Japan time) the atomic bomb is released over Hiroshima from 31,600 feet (9,632 meters); it explodes 50 seconds later. 80+% of the
city's buildings are destroyed and over 71,000 people (Japanese figures (US
figures say from 70,000 to 80,000) are killed. The ENOLA GAY lands on Tinian
at 1458 hours, followed within the hour by the 2 observation B-29s. Almost
100 fighters from Iwo Jima attack airfields and military installations at six locations around Tokyo.
Fourteenth Air Force: In China, 10 P-51s and P-47s damage 10 locomotives
between Tehsien and Suchow and 5 around Anyang, Kaifeng, and Loyang, and lightly
damage bridges N of Chihsien and S of Houmachen.
MALAYA - P-38 fighter attacked Singapore, two were shot down.
VIII Fighter Command: Unit movements from England to the US: HQ 13th and
HQ 20th Bombardment Wings from Horham and Snetterton Heath; HQ 385th
Bombardment Group and 548th, 549th, 550th and 551st Bombardment Squadrons
from Great Ashfield with B-17s; HQ 388th Bombardment Group (Heavy)
and 560th, 561st, 562d and 563d Bombardment Squadrons from Knettishall with
B-17s; HQ 452d Bombardment Group from Deopham Green; HQ 493d Bombardment
Group and 860th, 861st, 862d and 863d Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy)
from Debach with B-17s; 334th, 335th, 336th and 412th Bombardment Squadrons
(Heavy), 95th Bombardment Group (Heavy), from Horham with B-17s; 406th and
857th Bombardment Squadrons (Very Heavy), 492d Bombardment Group (Very Heavy),
from Harrington and Alconbury respectively; the 568th, 569th, 570th and 571st
Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 390th Bombardment Group (Heavy), from Framlingham
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Okinawa-based aircraft pound
targets on Kyushu; 150+ P-47s and A-26s fight bad weather to hit the
primary, Miyakonojo; 170+ B-24s, B-25s, and P-47s hit Kagoshima as a secondary
target; and 60+ B-25s and P-51s attack shipping and ground targets of opportunity
in the Tsushima Strait area and in the N Ryukyu Islands. P-51s operating in
the area between Kyushu and Korea bomb an airfield and strafe numerous targets
of opportunity on Saishu Island and P-47s bomb Anjo on Tanega Island. Other
aircraft, operating individually or in pairs, hit various targets of opportunity on the southern Korea coast, in the Inland Sea, S Honshu,
W Shikoku Island, throughout the N Ryukyu Islands, and in the Shanghai area. B-24s pound resistance pockets on Negros Island in the Philippine Islands.
Unit moves: HQ 3d Bombardment Group and 89th and 90th Bombardment Squadrons
from San Jose to Okinawa with A-26s; HQ 8th Fighter
Group and 36th Fighter Squadron from San Jose to Ie Shima with
P-38s; ground echelon of 26th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 6th Reconnaissance
Group, from Lingayen Airfield to Okinawa (air echelon remains at Clark
Field, Luzon with F-5s).
IJN: J7W1 Shinden Prototype No. 1 made a second short, successful test flight piloted by designer Captain Masaoki Tsuruno.
TUESDAY, 7 AUGUST 1945
ALEUTIAN ISLANDS (Eleventh Air Force): Five B-24s bomb Kataoka Airfield on Shimushu; AA fire damages two B-24s.
Twentieth Air Force: 154 B-29s fly a bombing mission during the day and 30
B-29s fly a mining mission during the night of 7/8 Aug; 1 B-29 is lost. Mission
317: 124 B-29s, escorted by VII Fighter Command fighters, bomb the naval arsenal
at Toyokawa. 1 B-29 is lost. After escorting the B-29s on their bombing mission,
P-51s attack railroad targets and shipping in and near Magarimatsu, Chofu, Atsugi, and Sagami.
Mission 318: During the night of 7/8 Aug, 29 B-29s, escorted by FEAF P-47s,
drop mines in Shimonoseki Strait, at Miyazu, Maizuru, Tsuruga, Obama and at
Najin; 1 other mines an alternate target.
Fourteenth Air Force: Unit moves in China: HQ Fourteenth AF from Kunming to
Paishiyi; 16th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, based at Chengkung with
P-51s, sends a detachment to operate at Pakhoi.
WESTERN PACIFIC: In Japan, P-47s cover the Twentieth AF B-29 strike against
Kyushu targets; B-24s and A-26s over Kyushu pound Tsuiki Airfield and other
B-24s start fires at Omura; B-25s hit bridges
and other targets at Matsubase, lost is B-25J 44-31300 also Kawajiri and bomb a convoy off Pusan; other B-25s hit Chiran Airfield and Izumi Airfields. fighter-bombers attack
and considerably damage communications and transportation facilities throughout
Kyushu. B-24s bomb Takao Airfield. On Luzon, B-25s and P-38s support
ground forces near Ambuclao, Kiangan, Batangan, Aparri,
Mankayan, Bontoc, and Tabayoc and the Palugloko Mountains. In the Netherlands
East Indies, B-24s bomb an area E of Bandjermasin, Borneo, and P-51s hit
the harbor at Soerabaja. The 8th and 13th Bombardment Squadrons,
3d Bombardment Group, move from San Jose, Mindoro to Okinawa with
IJN: The Japanese Navy made a sucessful twenty minute test flight of J9Y Kikka Prototype 1. This is Japan's first jet power aircraft designed and built by Nakajima powered by Ishikawajima Ne-20 turbo jet engines.
WEDNESDAY, 8 AUGUST 1945
Twentieth Air Force: 381 B-29s fly three missions, 2 during the day of 8 Aug
and 1 during the night of 8/9 Aug; 7 B-29s are lost. Mission 319: Shortly before 1200 hours, 221 B-29s drop incendiaries on Yawata destroying 1.22 sq mi (3.16 sq km), 21% of the city; 6 others hit alternate
targets; 1 B-29s is shot down by Japanese fighters and 3 are lost to mechanical
reasons. Mission 320: Late in the afternoon, 60 B-29s bomb an aircraft plant
and arsenal complex at Tokyo; 2 others hit alternate targets; 2 B-29s are lost
to flak and 1 to mechanical reasons (these are the last B-29s lost in action
by the Twentieth AF). Mission 321: During the night of 8/9 Aug, 91 B-29s hit
Fukiyama with incendiaries destroying 0.88 sq miles (73.3% of the city); 1 hits
an alternate target. 100+ fighters from Iwo Jima hit airfields, factory buildings,
barracks, and rail installations in the Osaka area.
Fourteenth Air Force: In China, 10 P-51s hit buildings, trucks, rivercraft,
and other targets of opportunity in the Paoching, Hengyang, and Chuanhsien
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Okinawa-based B-24s, B-25s, A-26s,
P-51s, and P-47s carry out numerous strikes against targets on Kyushu; targets include the Usa and Tsuiki Airfields, communications and transport
targets all over Kyushu, shipping between Kyushu and Korea, and targets of
opportunity in the Ryukyu Islands, on the China coast, and on Formosa. P-47s
escorting Twentieth AF B-29s claim 10 Japanese planes downed. B-24s bomb Shinchiku
Airfield. B-24s on a shipping search hit Lolobata
Airfield on Halmahera
Island. On Luzon, B-24s support ground forces in the Lenatin River Valley and
SSE of Mankayan and P-38s support ground action SSE of Mankayan, in the Kiangan area, and NW of Bagabag. Unit moves: HQ 475th Fighter Group and 431st, 432d
and 433d Fighter Squadrons from Lingayen Airfield to Ie Shima with P-38s; 528th
Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 380th Bombardment Group (Heavy), from San Jose to Okinawa with B-24s.
THURSDAY, 9 AUGUST 1945
Twentieth Air Force: The second and last atomic bomb of World War II is dropped
on Japan; B-29 "Bockscar" 44-27297 piloted by Major Charles W. Sweeney took off from North Field followed
by observation aircraft B-29 "The Great Artiste" piloted by Captain Frederick C. Bock
(who has exchanged planes with Sweeney for the mission) and another B-29 piloted
by Major James I Hopkins (who loses contact with the other two B-29s). The primary
target, Kokura is obscured by bad weather; the attack is made against the
secondary target, Nagasaki. The bomb, dropped from 28,900 feet (8,809 meters)
at 1158 hours (1058 hours local time), explodes about a minute after release.
Japanese reports claim nearly 24,000 killed; US figures estimate about 35,000.
The attacking B-29s refuel on Okinawa, and return to Tinian by 2339 hours.
Mission 322: During the night of 9/10 Aug, 95 B-29s bomb the Nippon Oil Refinery
at Amagasaki; 2 others hit alternate targets.
Tenth Air Force: HQ Tenth AF moves from Kunming to Liuchow, when the war ends, the deployment of Tenth AF units to China is still in progress; so, for the Tenth, war ends amidst a major reorganization.
Fourteenth Air Force: In China, 5 B-25s, with P-51 escort, damage the Puchi railroad bridge, and hit rail traffic N of Sinsiang; the P-51s strafe AA positions and targets of opportunity near the bridge; 4 other B-25s operating individually, attack truck convoys and targets of opportunity S of Changsha, S and N of Yoyang, and in the Siang Chiang Valley, and hit the S end of the town of Siangtan.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-25s over Kyushu bomb Kanoya Airfield, the town of Noma, shipping in Beppu Bay, bridges, factories, and oil storage at Tsurusaki, and shipping, coastal villages, and communications targets in the Tsushima Strait area; A-26s and A-20s hit Kanoya Airfield and the industrial areas of Kushikino, Minato, and Shimahira; B-24s over W Honshu Island bomb the airfield at Iwakuni; 200+ P-47s and P-51s hit numerous targets on Shikoku and Kyushu and in the Ryukyu Islands including airfields, barracks, harbor installations, bridges, shipping, vehicles, and various factories and storage facilities. B-24s bomb military stores at Matsuyama. On Luzon, B-25s and P-38s support ground forces in areas N of Baguio, SSE of Mankayan, S of Kabayan, SE of Cervantes, near Kiangan, and NW of Infanta. B-24s bomb Liang barracks
on Ambon. Unit moves:
HQ 3d Air Commando Group and 3d and 4th Fighter Squadrons (Commando) from Laoag,
Luzon to Ie
Shima with P-51s; HQ from San Jose, Mindoro to Okinawa; and 35th Fighter Squadron, 8th Fighter Group, from San Jose Mindoro to Ie Shima with P-38s.
USSR: The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and attacks Manchuria and Korea.
IJN: J7W1 Shinden Prototype No. 1 made a third short, successful test flight piloted by designer Captain Masaoki Tsuruno.
FRIDAY, 10 AUGUST 1945
CENTRAL PACIFIC [US Army Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific (USASTAF)]
Twentieth Air Force: The Japanese radio announces the Japanese desire for
peace and USASTAF limits operations to precision mission. 104 B-29s fly two missions
against Japan without loss. Mission 323: During the day, 70 B-29s, escorted
by 2 groups of P-51s bomb the arsenal complex at Tokyo; 3 others hit alternate
targets. Mission 324: During the night of 10/11 Aug, 31 B-29s mine Shimonoseki
Strait, Nakaumi Lagoon, and waters at Sakai and Yonago, Japan and Wonsan.
CHINA THEATER (AAF, China Theater Fourteenth Air Force: Major General Charles
B Stone III assumes command of HQ Fourteenth AF, replacing Major General Claire
L Chennault. In China, 5 B-25s and 4 P-51s bomb a bivouac S of Siangyin, hit convoys S of Siangtan and in the Siang Chiang Valley, pound a storage area and AA positions at Nanchang, and hit a truck concentration N of Hengshan; 50+ P-47s and P-51s attack rivercraft, railroad targets, troops, trucks, and bridges at several points in S and E China
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: In Japan, 80 B-24s, 118 B-25s,
and 220+ P-47s and P-38s pound the Kumamoto area; 20+ B-24s bomb the Oita area;
39 P-51s provide cover over both targets; nearly 40 B-25s attack destroyers,
cargo ships, and small vessels during a shipping sweep between Kyushu
and Korea; P-47s bomb Sasebo Harbor; P-51s hit various targets of opportunity
on Honshu and Kyushu and B-25s bomb targets of opportunity in the N Ryukyu
Islands. B-24s bomb Shinchiku. On Luzon, P-38s hit troop concentrations
near Mount Pulog and ENE of Dupax. B-24 unit moves from San Jose:
HQ 90th Bombardment Group and 320th Bombardment Squadron to
Ie Shima; and 530th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 380th Bombardment Group (Heavy),
SATURDAY, 11 AUGUST 1945
ALEUTIAN ISLANDS (Eleventh Air Force): The 11th Fighter Squadron, 343d Fighter Group moves from Adak to Shemya with P-38s.
Fourteenth Air Force: In China, 9 P-51s attack troops, trains, and rivercraft around Chenhsien, Tehsien, and Hengyang; and the 115th Liaison Squadron, Fourteenth AF, based at Hsingchiang with L-1, L-4s and L-5s, begins operating primarily from Peishiyi.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: In Japan, Okinawa-based B-24s, B-25s, A-26s, A-20s, and fighters flying about 530 sorties cause extensive destruction to shipping and shore installations in the Inland Sea, in the Tsushima area, and of communications, transportation, and other targets throughout Kyushu. Philippines based B-24s bomb Heito Airfield and Laha barracks Ambon. P-38s hit buildings near Dibuluan and field guns near Kiangan on Luzon. The 400th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 90th Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from San Jose, Mindoro to Ie Shima with B-24s.
IJN - Sunk by mine is Nisshin Maru No. 2.
IJN: The Japanese Navy attempted a second test flight of J9Y Kikka Prototype 1 with Rocket Assisted Take Off (RATO) units under each wing. The RATO unit's alignment were miscalculated and the test pilot believed that they had not fired and shut off the main engines. Powered by the rockets, the Kikka ran off the runway and crash, tearing off the landing gear and crashed into Tokyo Bay. The aircraft could not be repaired before the Pacific War ended.
SUNDAY, 12 AUGUST 1945
ALEUTIAN ISLANDS (Eleventh Air Force): Four B-24s make a combined visual and
radar bomb run over Kataoka. Three B-24s bomb Suribachi Airfield, hitting runways and buildings. A B-24 flies a radar-ferret mission.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s from Okinawa bomb Matsuyama
Airfield. In Japan, B-25s and A-26s hit Chiran Airfield and Kanoya Airfield while other A-26s and A-20s and P-47s hit the towns of Kushikino, Akune, and
Miyazaki; more B-25s and fighter-bombers hit shipping and communications targets
on Kyushu, the N Ryukyu Islands, and between Japan and Korea; the aircraft
claim several small merchant ships sunk and damaged, and numerous bridges,
railroads, factories, and other targets of opportunity hit. B-24s
from the Philippines pound Kagi Airfield and the Takao marshalling yard.
On Luzon, P-38s support ground forces in or near Kabayan, Kiangan, and Uldugan.
Unit moves: Air echelon of the 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 6th
Reconnaissance Group, from Clark
Field to Ie Shima with F-5s joining the ground echelon that arrived
in Jul; 319th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 90th Bombardment Group (Heavy),
from San Jose, Mindoro to Ie Shima with B-24s; 387th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 312th Bombardment Group (Heavy), from Floridablanca to Okinawa with
A-20s; and 529th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 380th Bombardment Group (Heavy),
from San Jose to Okinawa with B-24s.
MONDAY, 13 AUGUST 1945
ALEUTIAN ISLANDS (Eleventh Air Force): The Eleventh AF dispatches its last combat mission when six B-24s radar-bomb the Kashiwahara area on Paramushiru with incendiaries, leaving huge columns of smoke.
Eighth Air Force: The 461st, 462d and 463d Bombardment Squadrons (Very Heavy), 346th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy), arrive on Okinawa from the US with B-29s.
Tenth Air Force: Unit moves in China: 27th Troop Carrier Squadron, 443d Troop
Carrier Group, from Chengkung to Liangshan with C-47s; 427th Night Fighter
Squadron, Tenth AF, from Dinjan to Liuchow with P-61s (detachments at
Chengkung and Nanning, China).
Fourteenth Air Force: The flight of the 21st Photographic Reconnaissance
Squadron, Fourteenth AF, at Hanchung with F-5s, returns to base at Shwangliu
(other flights are at Hsian and Ankang).
(USN) During a fighter sweep over Tokyo, Lost are TBM Avenger 69066 (crew rescued), F6F Hellcat 79496 (MIA), F6F Hellcat 77830 (MIA) and F6F Hellcat 78006 (rescued). While attempting to rescue the Hellcat crew, OA-10 Catalina 44-34080 is shot down.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s and B-25s from Okinawa
pound shipping in the waters off Korea and Kyushu and in the Inland
Sea claiming several vessels sunk and damaged; P-47s over Keijo encounter 20
Japanese aircraft and claim at least 16 shot down. B-25s attack Japanese forces
near Palacian, Luzon. P-38s hit shipping in the Singapore area. Unit
moves from Luzon: HQ 312th Bombardment Group and 389th Bombardment Squadron from Floridablanca to Yontan with B-32s; 547th Night Fighter
Squadron, V Fighter Command, from Lingayen Airfield to Ie Shima with P-38s and P-61s.
TUESDAY, 14 AUGUST 1945
JAPAN - Japanese Emperor Hirohito assembles Imperial Council and decides
to accept unconditional surrender. Allies prepare to occupy Japan.
Twentieth Air Force: 752 B-29s fly 7 missions against Japan without loss.
These are the last B-29 missions against Japan in WWII. The following 3 missions
were flown during the day:
Mission 325: 157 B-29s bomb the naval arsenal at Hikari; 4 others hit alternate
Mission 326: 145 B-29s bomb the Osaka Army Arsenal and 2 hit alternate targets; 160+ P-51 escort the B-29s and attack airfields in the Nagoya area;
1 P-51 is lost.
Mission 327: 108 B-29s bomb the railroad yards at Marifu; 2 others hit alternate
targets. The following 4 missions were flown during the night of 14/15 Aug:
Mission 328: In the longest nonstop unstaged B-29 mission from the Mariana Islands,
3,650 miles (5,874 km), 132 B-29s bomb the Nippon Oil Company at Tsuchizakiminato. Mission 329: 81 B-29s drop incendiaries on the Kumagaya urban area destroying
0.27 sq mi (0.7 sq km), 45% of the city area.
Mission 330: 86 B-29s drop incendiaries on the Isezaki urban area destroying
0.166 sq mi (0.43 sq km), 17% of the city area.
Mission 331: 39 B-29s mine the waters at Nanao, Shimonoseki, Miyazu, and Hamada.
Before the last B-29s return, President Harry S. Truman announces the unconditional
surrender of Japan. Immediately thereafter, the 11th Airborne Division leaves
the Philippine Islands by air for Okinawa, where it goes on standby as the initial
occupation force for Japan.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-25s, P-47s, and P-51s attack
shipping in Korea and Kyushu waters, claiming several vessels destroyed and
damaged. P-47s over the Osaka-Nagoya area claim several Japanese aircraft
shot down. The 19th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 22d Bombardment Group (Heavy),
moves from Clark
Field to Okinawa with B-24s.
RAAF - Lost is B-25D Mitchell A47-37.
WEDNESDAY, 15 AUGUST 1945
CENTRAL PACIFIC [US Army Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific (USASTAF)]: All offensive action against Japan ends.
CHINA THEATER (AAF, China Theater): All offensive action against Japan ends
Fourteenth Air Force: HQ 81st Fighter Group and 91st Fighter Squadron move from Fungwansham to Huhsien, China with P-47s.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: All offensive action against Japan ends. General of the Army Douglas MacArthur is notified that he is Supreme Commander for Allied powers. MacArthur tries to communicate with Tokyo using the War Department signal facilities, but when he receives no reply, he turns to the Army Airways Communications System (AACS). The AACS Manila station (call sign WXXU), tapped out MacArthur's instructions to the Japanese using a frequency over which AACS had been broadcasting uncoded weather information; the message read: "From Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers To The Japanese Emperor, the Japanese Imperial Government, the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters Message Number Z-500 I have been designated as the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (the United States, the Republic of China, the United Kingdom and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) and empowered to arrange directly with the Japanese authorities for the cessation of hostilities at the earliest practicable date. It is desired that a radio station in the Tokyo area be officially designated for continuous use in handling radio communications between this headquarters and your headquarters. Your reply to this message should give the call signs, frequencies and station designation. It is desired that the radio communication with my headquarters in Manila be handled in English text. Pending designation by you of a station in the Tokyo area for use as above indicated, station JUM on frequency 13705 kilocycles will be used for this purpose and Manila will reply on 15965 kilocycles. Upon receipt of this message, acknowledge. Signed MacArthur." In less than two hours, a reply from Tokyo was received, the first direct communication between the Allies and Japan.
Unit moves: HQ 22d Bombardment Group and 33d Bombardment Squadron from Clark Field to Okinawa with B-24s; 66th Troop Carrier Squadron, 403d Troop Carrier Group, from Morotai to Dulag with C-46s; 160th Liaison Squadron, 3d Air Commando Group [attached to 5th Air Liaison Group (Provisional)], from Mabalacat to Ie Shima with UC-64s and L-5s; 321st Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 90th Bombardment Group (Heavy), from San Jose to Ie Shima with B-24s; 531st Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) from San Jose to Okinawa with B-24s; and 674th Bombardment Squadron, 417th Bombardment Group, from San Jose to Okinawa with A-20s.
(USN) At 0635, Admiral Halsey sent a message
to his forces announcing the end of hostilities and ordering the cessation
of offensive air operations, the first carrier strike of the day had already
hit Tokyo and the second was approaching the coastline as it was recalled.
THURSDAY, 16 AUGUST 1945
CHINA THEATER (AAF, China Theater) Tenth Air Force: In China, the detachments of the 427th Night Fighter Squadron, Tenth AF, operating from Chengkung and Nanning with P-61s return to base at Liuchow.
Fourteenth Air Force: Unit moves in China: 1st Combat Cargo Squadron, Fourteenth AF (attached to 69th Composite Wing), from Hsinching to Chengkung with C-47s; detachments of 21st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Fourteenth AF at Laifeng returns to base at Shwangliu and a flight begins operating from Chihkiang, all with F-5s.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Unit moves to Okinawa: HQ 49th Fighter Group and 9th Fighter Squadron from Lingayen Airfield with P-38s; 5th and 6th Combat Cargo Squadrons, 2d Combat Cargo Group, from Dulag with C-46s. Lost on a flight is B-25 44-31361 (MIA).
FRIDAY, 17 AUGUST 1945
CHINA - Fourteenth Air Force: Unit moves in China: 91st Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group, from Fungwanshan to Huhsien with P-47s; detachment of the 426th Night Fighter Squadron, Fourteenth AF (attached to 312th Fighter Wing), at Hsian returns to base at Shwangliu with P-61s.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Unit moves to Okinawa: HQ 417th Bombardment Group and 672d and 675th Bombardment Squadrons from San Jose with A-20s; 7th and 8th Fighter Squadrons, 49th Fighter Group, from Lingayen Airfield with P-38s. On a photographic mission over Tokyo, a formation of B-32 Dominators is intercepted by Japanese fighters, damaging B-32 42-108539.
SATURDAY, 18 AUGUST 1945
CHINA THEATER - Tenth Air Force: The 19th Liaison Squadron, Tenth AF, moves
from Chengkung to Nanning, China with L-1s and L-5s.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Unit moves to Okinawa: 2d Bombardment
Squadron (Heavy), 22d Bombardment Group (Heavy), from Clark
B-24s; 673d Bombardment Squadron, 417th Bombardment Group,
from San Jose with A-20s.
SUNDAY, 19 AUGUST 1945
CHINA - Fourteenth Air Force: Unit moves in China: 16th Fighter Squadron,
51st Fighter Group from Chengkung to Nanning with P-51s (the detachment at
Pakhoi also moves to Nanning); detachment of 426th Night Fighter Squadron,
Fourteenth AF (attached to 312th Fighter Wing), at Liangshan returns to base
at Shwangliu with P-61s.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On August 19, 1945, two B-25Js of the 345th BG and 80th FS P-38 Lightings escort two "Betty" bombers.
The Japanese aircraft carry a delegation from Tokyo via Ie Shima then aboard an American aircaft to Manila for a meeting with General MacArthur's staff to work out details of the surrender. The Betty bombers are
painted all white with green crosses on the wings, fuselage and vertical tail
surface and use the call signs "Bataan I" and "Bataan II". The deligation lands at Ie Shima, and the are flown to Manila aboard a C-54. After the meeting, they returned to Ie Shima. One of the two Bettys crashed on its way back to Japan
out of fuel, due to conversion of a
liter were mistaken from the gallon. The crew was helped by
local fisherman, and returnted to Tokyo by train. The co-pilot
was Rinpei Komai, who is still alive today.
MONDAY, 20 AUGUST 1945
CHINA - Fourteenth Air Force: The 92d Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group,
moves from Fungwanshan to Huhsien, China with P-47s.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: HQ 2d Combat Cargo Group and
7th and 8th Combat Cargo Squadrons move from Dulag to Bolo Airfield with C-46s.
IJN: G4M1 Betty "Bataan 1" force lands off the coast of Japan after returning from Ie Shima Airfield with surrender delegation.
TUESDAY, 21 AUGUST 1945
ALEUTIAN ISLANDS (Eleventh Air Force): Two B-24s are prevented by cloud cover
from taking photos of the Soviet occupation of the Kurile Islands; four others
abort a photo mission to Paramushiru and Shimushu due
Tenth Air Force: The 71st Liaison Squadron, Tenth AF, moves from Kunming to Liuchow with UC-64s, L-1s and L-5s.
Fourteenth Air Force: The detachment of the 426th Night Fighter Squadron,
Fourteenth AF (attached to 312th Fighter Wing), operating from Ankang, China
with P-61s, returns to base at Shwangliu.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: The 408th Bombardment Squadron
(Heavy), 22d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Clark
Field, Luzon to Okinawa with B-24s.
WEDNESDAY, 22 AUGUST 1945
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: C-47 units arriving on Okinawa
from Hawaii: 311th Troop Carrier Squadron, US Army Forces, Middle Pacific;
and 316th Troop Carrier Squadron, Seventh AF.
THURSDAY, 23 AUGUST 1945
ALEUTIAN ISLANDS (Eleventh Air Force): Four B-24s fly a photo mission over Paramushiru
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: HQ 310th Bombardment Wing (Medium),
Fifth AF, moves from San Jose, Mindoro to Clark
RAF: Lost is B-24 "Snake" KL-654.
FRIDAY, 24 AUGUST 1945
ALEUTIAN ISLANDS (Eleventh Air Force): B-24s try to photograph the Soviet
occupation of the Kurile Islands but are impeded by clouds.
CHINA THEATER (AAF, China Theater) Tenth Air Force: C-47 unit moves: 2d Troop
Carrier Squadron, 443d Troop Carrier Group, from Dinjan to Chihkiang,
China; 322d Troop Carrier Squadron, Tenth AF, from Liangshan to Chihkiang,
Fourteenth Air Force: The 76th Fighter Squadron, 23d Fighter Group, moves
from Luliang to Liuchow with P-51s.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: HQ 317th Troop Carrier Group
moves from Clark Field to Okinawa.
SATURDAY, 25 AUGUST 1945
CHINA THEATER (AAF, China Theater)
Tenth Air Force: C-47 units moving to Luliang: 3d and 4th Combat Cargo Squadrons, 1st Combat Cargo Group (under operational control of HQ 69th Composite Wing), from Myitkyina and Hathazari, India respectively.
Fourteenth Air Force: The 118th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, Fourteenth AF, moves from Laohwangping to Liuchow with F-6s.
WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Unit moves: 68th and 69th Troop
Carrier Squadrons, 433d Troop Carrier Group, from Clark
Field, Luzon to Iwo
Jima with C-46s and C-47s respectively; 318th Troop Carrier Squadron (Commando),
3d Air Commando Group, from Laoag,
Luzon to Ie
Shima with C-47s.
SUNDAY, 26 AUGUST 1945
WESTERN PACIFIC: The 70th Troop Carrier Squadron, 433d Troop Carrier Group,
moves from Clark Field to Iwo Jima with C-46s.
MONDAY, 27 AUGUST 1945
CENTRAL PACIFIC Twentieth Air Force: B-29s begin supplying prisoners-of-war
and internee camps in Japan, China, and Korea with medical supplies, food,
and clothing. The first supply drop (to Weihsien Camp near Peking) is
followed by a concentrated effort of 900 sorties in a period of less than a
month. 4,470 tons of supplies are dropped to about 63,500 prisoners in 154
WESTERN PACIFIC: Unit moves: HQ XIII Bomber Command from Morotai to Clark Field; and 67th Troop Carrier Squadron, 433d Troop Carrier Group,
from Clark Field to Iwo Jima with C-46s.
TUESDAY, 28 AUGUST 1945
CHINA: HQ 443d Troop Carrier Group and 1st Troop Carrier Squadron move from
Dinjan to Chihkiang, China with C-47s.
WESTERN PACIFIC: The occupation of Japan officially begins as an advance party
arrives in the Home Islands. When the news of the Japanese proposal for surrender
came on August 15, the 68th Army Airways Communications System (AACS) Group, 7th
AACS Wing, received orders to fly into Atsugi Airfield and set up
the communications equipment necessary to guide in the first contingent of
occupation troops. AACSs mission was to provide navigational aids, point-to-point
communications with Okinawa, air-to-ground communications for planes in flight,
weather data, and air traffic control. Colonel Gordon Blake quickly assembled
a special unit of 5 hand-picked men. Colonel Blake and his AACS men, part of
a 150 man task force, flew from Okinawa to Atsugi with 24 C-47 aircraft laden
with equipment. In order to carry as much equipment as possible, the load was
lightened by carrying only enough fuel to reach Atsugi. Although the Japanese
had surrendered unconditionally, Blake and his communicators still did not
know whether some might still be hostile. The sight of hundreds of Japanese
Navy guards lined up along the airfield was not encouraging to the occupants
of the first aircraft to land, but they were met by a group of courteous, English-speaking
Japanese military personnel. The navy guards were in their honor. The AACS-men
lost no time in getting operations into full swing, and by 29 Aug, the Atsugi control tower was completed. The first planes to arrive on 30 Aug were 5 additional
C-47s carrying components to set up the first airborne radio station in Air
Force history. Within a few hours, the first C-54 aircraft of the official
occupation forces landed at Atsugi and by mid-afternoon Blake's AACS crews
had directed 340+ takeoffs and landings at the rate of 1 every 2 minutes. By August 30, Atsugi was the busiest airport in the world.
FEAF: Crashed on take off is B-32 42-108544. Also lost is B-32 42-108528 (11 crew rescued, two MIA)
RNZAF: A PBY Catalina of 6 Squadron went
to Rekata Bay for a picnic and to inspect the former Japanese
base. On this visit, one member of the group LAC Leslie Angus Ellen, NZ441559 went missing. It was beileved he drown or was taken by a saltwater crocodile. He is memorialized on the tablet of the missing, panel 7 at Borail Memorial.
WEDNESDAY, 29 AUGUST 1945
General MacArthur is appointed supreme commander of the Allied occupying force
Major Gregory "Pappy" Boyington, famed leader of the Black Sheep Squadron
is freed from a POW camp in Japan. Boyington had been shot down over Rabaul two years earlier.
(20th AF) On a mission to air drop supplies to Konan Camp B-29 "Hog Wild" 44-70136 is shot down by Soviet fightters. The crew survived and were interrned by Soveit forces until September 16, 1945.
THURSDAY, 30 AUGUST 1945
Tenth Air Force: HQ 1st Combat Cargo Group moves from Myitkyina to Liuchow.
Japan - The occupation of Japan in force begins when the US Army 11th Airborne Division
is flown to Atsugi Airfield and US Marines land at Yokosuka Naval Base. The
159th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 3d Air Commando Group [attached to 5th Air
Liaison Group (Provisional)] moves from Mangaldan to Okinawa with UC-64s
RAAF - Crashed during take off from Darwin Harbor is PBY A24-1.
FRIDAY, 31 AUGUST 1945
The Japanese garrison at Marcus surrenders to American General Whiting.
USN: SB2C Helldiver 21078 crashes in Oregon.