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April 1945
Today in World War II Pacific History
Day by day chronology

SUNDAY, 1 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): 4 B-25s attack railroad targets at Ninh Binh and Minh Koi, French Indochina. In China, 7 B-24s bomb the Ft Bayard storage area; 6 B-25s and 6 P-51s attack river shipping and warehouses in the Sienning-Puchi area; 5 B-25s hit warehouses and other buildings at Hsuchang while 3 damage a bridge at Changtuikuan; single B-25s bomb targets of opportunity around Sanshihlitun, Sichuan, Loning, and Suicheng; 23 P-51s pound airfields in the Shanghai area; 70+ other fighter-bombers attack river, road, and rail traffic, storage areas, troops, and general targets of opportunity throughout wide areas of occupied S and E China; the detachments of the 11th and 22d Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 341st Bombardment Group (Medium), operating from Chihkiang with B-25s, return to base at Yangkai; during Apr 45, the 426th Night Fighter Squadron, Fourteenth AF (attached to 312th Fighter Wing), based at Shwangliu with P-61s, sends detachments to operate from Liangshan and Ankang.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): Ten B-25s attack roads and bridges behind enemy lines in central Burma; 478 transport flights are made throughout the day; British 36 Division forces begin to push down the railroad from Mandalay to Rangoon. Unit moves In India: 12th Combat Cargo Squadron, 3d Combat Cargo Group, from Moran to Tulihal with C-47s; detachments of the 24th Combat Mapping Squadron, 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, operating from Tulihal and Cox's Bazar with F-7s, return to base at Guskhara.

AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): The detachment of the 28th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, VI Air Service Area Command (attached to VII Fighter Command), operating from Peleliu with F-5s, joins the detachment operating from Saipan.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): During Apr 45, the 25th Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy), 40th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy), the 676th, 677th and 678th Bombardment Squadrons (Very Heavy), 444th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy), and the 768th, 769th and 770th Bombardment Squadrons (Very Heavy), 462d Bombardment Group move from Chakulia, Dudhkundi and Piardoba respectively to West Field on Tinian with B-29s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s attack Giran Airfield on Formosa while B-25s and P-47s sweep wide areas. On Luzon Island, B-24s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers hit the Legaspi area (where a US amphibious landing is taking place), targets N of Balete Pass, the Batangas area, and support troops over parts of S and NW Luzon. In the C Philippine Islands, B-25s and A-20s support ground forces near Cebu City and on Negros. B-24s hit Oelin Airfield. The 159th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 3d Air Commando Group, based at Mangaldan with UC-64s and L-5s, sends detachments to operate from Negros and Cebu. Unit moves during Apr 45: HQ Fifth Air Force from Mindoro Island, Philippine Islands to Clark Field, Luzon; 4th Photographic Charting Squadron, 311th Photographic Wing (Mapping and Charting) [attached to 4th Photographic Group (Reconnaissance)], based at Hollandia with F-7s, sends a detachment to operate from Zamboanga to map areas of the SW and W Pacific (another detachment is operating in Australia). Lost is A-20G Havoc 43-21628 (pilot KIA)

MONDAY, 2 APRIL 1945

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A B-24 on weather reconnaissance returns early due to mechanical trouble; another B-24 investigates radar jamming on Kresta Point in the Aleutian Islands.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In French Indochina, 28 B-25s knock out a bridge SE of That Khe, bomb the town area of Vinh, damage the bridge approaches at Kep, hit shipping and other targets of opportunity along the coast of the Gulf of Tonkin, and blast the town area of Luc Nam. In China, 25 B-25s attack trucks, tanks, rivercraft, and targets of opportunity at Sichuan, Neihsiang, Sinyang, Mingkiang, Siangtan, Kweiping, Nanning, and Hengshan; 4 B-24s bomb the Kowloon Docks in Hong Kong and hit shipping at Bakli Bay and Samah Bay; 32 P-51s pound airfields in the Shanghai area; 140+ other fighter-bombers attack numerous targets scattered throughout S and E China, including troops, trucks, horses, river shipping, bridges, gun positions, airfields, rail traffic, and town areas. Lost is B-24J "Tough Titti" 44-40296 (crew survived).

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, bad weather cancels all offensive missions; air supply missions continue with 469 sorties being flown to forward areas.

AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 12 Guam Island, Mariana Islands-based B-24s bomb Marcus Island in the N Pacific.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): 3 missions are flown. Mission 51: 115 of 121 B-29s bomb the Nakajima aircraft factory at Tokyo; they claim 1-1-0 Japanese aircraft; 6 B-29s are lost. Mission 52: During the night of 1/2 Apr, 6 B-29s mine the harbor at Kure between 0000 and 0400 hours local without loss. Mission 53: During the night of 2/3 Apr, 9 of 10 B-29s mine Hiroshima Harbor without loss.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s bomb the harbor at Hong Kong. On Luzon Island, B-25s and fighter-bombers attack the Bamban bridges, Balete Pass-Baguio area and Penablanca. Troops at Cebu City and on Negros Island are bombed by B-25s and fighter bombers. B-24s bomb the Sarangani Bay area on Mindanao Island. Other B-24s hit Sandakan shipyards and Tawau Airfield, Borneo. Bongao Island, Philippine Islands, is hit by B-24s. Crashed on take off is B-24J "Burma" 44-40601.

RAAF: Beaufort A9-493 and Beaufort A9-667 collided mid-air after takeoff.

TUESDAY, 3 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): 17 B-25s bomb Pinglo, China railroad yards and in French Indochina, the Ninh Binh railroad yards, knock out a bridge at Thinh Duc, and damage bridges at Gian Khau and Mon Cay. In China, 60+ fighter-bombers knock out bridges at Hsitu and between Chuting and Hengyang, destroy pontoon bridges in the Kanchou area, hit Yangtong airfield, pound the Hai Duong, French Indochina railroad yards, and hit river traffic and other targets of opportunity at several locations including Hongay, and Cao Bang, French Indochina, and Tayu, Hankow, Kanchou, Yoyang, and the Ishan- Hwaiyuanchen, areas of China.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, bad weather again causes cancellation of most scheduled strikes; a few fighter-bombers hit a Japanese held wooded area near Kenglong; transports complete 383 sorties to forward areas.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Four missions are flown during the night and early morning hours of 3/4 Apr. Mission 54: 9 B-29s mine the waters off Hiroshima without loss.

Mission 55: In the early morning, 48 of 49 B-29s hit the aircraft plant at Shizuoka, Japan without loss.

Mission 56: 43 of 78 B-29s attack the Koizumi aircraft factory and 18 hit the urban areas in Tokyo as a target of opportunity; they claim 1-0-0 Japanese aircraft.

Mission 57: 61 of 115 B-29s strike the aircraft plant at Tachikawa and 49 hit the urban area of Kawasaki as a target of opportunity; 1 B-29 is lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: The Hong Kong docks are again bombed by B-24s. Other B-24s and B-25s hit Kagi Airfield, butanol plant, and railroad yards at Kagi, Formosa while A-20s sweep other rail targets. On Luzon Island fighter-bombers and A-20s hit the Balete Pass-Baguio-Naguilian area N of the Cagayan Valley supply targets, the Laguna deBay area, and Infanta, also, Miri Airfield, troops in the Cebu City area. Lost is B-25J 44-31504. Also, targets on Tarakan are bombed. B-25s attack northern Hainan.

RAAF - Damaged during a landing accident at Rockhampton Airfield is P-40N A29-384, which is later written off.

WEDNESDAY, 4 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In French Indochina, 2 B-25s sink a junk in the Gulf of Tonkin and 6 P-38s strafe trucks around Dien Bien Phu, Moc Chau, and Son La.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): Combat operations are restricted to attacks on a troop concentration and rice and fuel supplies behind enemy lines in C Burma; transports operate on steady basis throughout the day.

AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 24 B-24s from Angaur Airfield Island hit a building at Bunawan, Mindanao.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): HQ 40th and 462d Bombardment Groups (Very Heavy) arrive at West Field from India.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Formosa, B-24s bomb Toyohara Airfield, Mako harbor, and Tokichito Island and A-20s hit Shinchiku factories and rail yards. B-24s bomb the harbor at Hong Kong. P-38s and P-51s pound various targets in central Luzon Island while A-20s and P-38s hit the Calauag area. A-20s pound NW Negros Island and B-24s bomb targets on C Mindanao. The 17th Reconnaissance Squadron (Bombardment), 71st Tactical Reconnaissance Group, moves from San Jose, Mindoro Island to Lingayen Airfield with B-25s.

THURSDAY, 5 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): 27 fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance attack troops, horses, and river, road, and rail traffic at Son La, French Indochina and Shanhsien and Shihkiachwang, and in the Tehsien and Loyang-Pinglo area of China.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, bad weather cancels scheduled strikes; transports continue large-scale operations to forward areas. The 166th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, moves from Ondaw to Meiktila with UC-64s and L-5s.

AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 18 B-24s from Guam hit targets on Eten and Dublon at Truk Atoll. 22 B-24s from Angaur Airfield pound a bivouac area at Bunawan, Mindanao.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): HQ 315th Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy) arrives at Northwest Field from the US.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s bomb Kowloon Docks in Hong Kong and a nearby airfield, while other B-24s bomb Kiirun Harbor in Formosa. Damaged and later sunk is Kamoi. 180+ sorties in support of ground forces are flown on Luzon. A-20s and patrolling P-61s support troops on Cebu and Negros. P-38s hit Tarakan and Tawau, Borneo. HQ 58th Fighter Group moves from San Jose Airfield to Mangaldan.

FRIDAY, 6 APRIL 1945

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Eight B-24s attack and photograph Kurabu on Paramushiru, especially Kurabu Airfield while eight B-25s hit radar installations in an all-out attack on Hayakegawa, Kotani Island, and Minami Cape, dropping napalm-filled incendiaries for the first time; buildings and shipping in north part of Hayakegawa are hit especially hard; another B-25 flies weather reconnaissance.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): 3 B-24s hit targets of opportunity in the Bakli Bay area and four P-38s knock out a bridge in the Dien Bien Phu area of French Indochina. In China, 8 P-51s blast railroad targets of opportunity, troops, horses, and boat landings in the Chenghsien area and along the Lung Hai railroad and Yellow River.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): With improving weather conditions combat strikes in the C Burma battle area increase; 70+ fighter-bombers attack troop concentrations, artillery positions, tanks, trucks, fuel dumps, and general targets of opportunity along and immediately behind enemy lines; targets are located in several areas including Paklu, Nawnghkio, Loilem, Takaw, Mong Hko, Kongleng, Nawnghsan Pu, and Indaw; air supply sorties continue on a steady basis throughout the day.

JAPAN - Japan's Kamikaze offensive reaches it's peak. 355 suicide sorties and 341 dive and torpedo bombers are launched against the U.S. Pacific Fleet.

AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 11 B-24s from Guam Island pound positions and airfield on Marcus Island; 23 from Angaur Airfield bomb barracks and a wharf at Bunawan, Mindanao. 400 Kamikaze planes make an all-out effort against Okinawa shipping and beachheads; 2 destroyers, 2 ammunition ships, a mine sweeper and an LST are sunk; other vessels are damaged; nearly 300 Japanese planes are expended. The 163d Liaison Squadron, AAFPOA (attached to Tenth Army) begins a movement from Schofield Barracks, Hawaii to Okinawa with L-5s.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): HQ 468th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) arrives at West Field, Tinian Island from India.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-25s bomb the town of Hokko on Formosa. On Luzon Island, ground support sorties continue in areas around Balete Pass, W of Ft Stotsenburg, N, NE, and S of Laguna de Bay, and around Legaspi and fighters hit Carabao and Infanta. B-24s bomb a town N of Cebu City while fighters support ground units on Cebu. A-20s support ground forces on Negros Island. B-25s pound Bunawan on Mindanao. B-24s bomb Jolo defenses and ammunition and supply dumps. At Manila US Army Forces, Pacific (AFPAC) is established under General of the Army Douglas MacArthur. The 310th Fighter Squadron, 58th Fighter Group, moves from San Jose, Mindoro Island to Mangaldan wiJapanese kamikaze aircraftth P-47s.

USN: Sunk by Japanese kamikaze aircraft is USS Bush DD-529.

SATURDAY, 7 APRIL 1945

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A B-24 flies a radar-ferret mission along the coasts of Paramushiru and Harumukotan.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): 14 B-25s hit town areas and targets of opportunity at Sichuan, Hsihhsiassuchi, Neihsiang, Shaoyang, and Nanchang and 24 P-51s attack river, road and rail traffic in the Yellow River area, S of Anyi, at Yuncheng, and at Tengfeng. Four B-24s bomb harbors and dock areas at Bakli Bay and Samah Bay and at Haiphong; and 8 P-38s hit targets of opportunity around Dien Bien Phu and along the Nam Hon area in French Indochina.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): 95 fighter-bombers operating over and behind Japanese lines in C Burma pound troop concentrations, trucks, and supply areas, and sweep roads S of bomb line. The 3d Combat Cargo Squadron, 1st Combat Cargo Group, moves from Tulihal to Hathazari, India with C-47s.

AAFPOA Seventh Air Force: 24 B-24s from Angaur Airfield bomb the barracks area at Bunawan on Mindanao. VII Fighter Command: Mission 1: 91 of 108 P-51s escort B-29s to Tokyo; they claim 21-5-7 Japanese aircraft; 2 P-51s are lost.

USN - US carrier aircraft sink Yamato during the Battle of the East China Sea.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): 2 missions are flown. Mission 58: 101 of 107 B-29s bomb the Nakajima aircraft engine plant at Tokyo; 2 others hit targets of opportunity; they claim 80-23-50 Japanese aircraft; 3 B-29s are lost. Mission 59: 153 of 194 B-29s hit the Mitsubishi aircraft plant at Nagoya; 29 others hit targets of opportunity; they claim 21-11-22 Japanese aircraft; 2 B-29s are lost. HQ 444th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) arrives at West Field, Tinian from India.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Bad weather hampers strikes N of the Philippines. B-24s and P-38s over Formosa hit various targets of opportunity. Fighters fly 130+ sorties in support of ground forces at Solvec Cove, Villa Verde Trail, the Ipo and Marikina Rivers, and NE Laguna de Bay. B-24s again bomb Bunawan on Mindanao. Other B-24s and P-38s hit Jolo and B-24s bomb Bima Airfield on Sumbawa Island in the Lesser Sunda Islands. Unit moves: 311th Fighter Squadron, 58th Fighter Group from San Jose to Mangaldan with P-47s; 550th Night Fighter Squadron, XIII Fighter Command (attached to 85th Fighter Wing), from Morotai to Tacloban with P-38s, P-61s and P-70s.

SUNDAY, 8 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 31 P-51s knock out a bridge S of Shaoyang, destroy a section of track at Sincheng, and hit numerous road and rail targets of opportunity in the Yellow River areas and points to the S, from Shanhsien to Loning, at Hungtung, and S of Hei-Shih Kuan; 4 B-24s attack shipping targets of opportunity in the S China Sea and in Bakli Bay and Yulin Bay, China and bomb Kowloon Docks in Hong Kong.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): 50+ P-38s and P-47s operating in C Burma battle areas attack troops, supplies, gun positions, and trucks at several points along and behind enemy lines, and sweep roads S of bomb line; transports maintain operations throughout the day. The 156th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 2d Air Commando Group, based at Kalaikunda, India with UC-64s and L-5s, sends a detachment to operate from Myitche, Burma.

AAFPOA Seventh Air Force: 25 B-24s from Angaur Airfield bomb the Bunawan area on Mindanao. VII Fighter Command: During the night of 8/9 Apr, 6 P-61s from Iwo Jima, operating singly at 2-hour intervals, bomb Chichi Jima, Haha Jima, Ani Jima, and Ototo Jima.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): 2 missions are flown against airfields on Kyushu Island, Japan from which Kamikaze attacks are originating. Mission 60: 29 of 32 B-29s strike 2 airfields at Kanoya. Mission 61: 48 B-29s attack the airfield at Kokubu; 1 B-29 is lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: For the second consecutive day bad weather prevents attacks on the primary targets N of the Philippine Islands. B-24s and B-25s hit secondary targets including Chomosui Airfield in the Pescadores Islands, and on Formosa, Tainan and railroad yards, the towns of Takao, Toko, and Kaiko, and other scattered objectives. A-20s and fighter-bombers over Luzon support ground forces particularly in the areas E of Manila. B-24s join A-20s and fighter-bombers in support of ground forces on Cebu and Negros. Other B-24s bomb the N Davao Bay area on Mindanao and Jolo Island. Unit moves to Luzon: 33d Troop Carrier Squadron, 374th Troop Carrier Group, from Hollandia, New Guinea to Nielson Field with C-47s; 69th Fighter Squadron, 58th Fighter Group from San Jose, Mindoro Island to Mangaldan with P-47s.

RAAF - Force landed is P-40N A29-446.

MONDAY, 9 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force: Nine 9 B-24s bomb the docks at Canton and Kowloon in Hong Kong and attack targets of opportunity at Bakli Bay; 8 B-25s bomb Sinyang railroad yards and nearby targets of opportunity; 13 other B-25s knock out a bridge N of Hsuchang and hit various targets around Laohokow, Sichuan, Sinyang, Likuanchiao, Lichen, and along the Han River; and 19 P-51s hit targets of opportunity in or near Neihsiang, Laohokow, and Sichuan. 2 P-38s blast trucks in the Dien Bien Phu area of French Indochina; the 91st Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Group, based at Fungwanshan with P-47s, begins operating from Hsian.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): 70+ P-38s and P-47s attack troops, supplies, gun positions, and general targets of opportunity along and behind the C Burma battleline around Mong Pawn, Wan Htum, Pang po, Kyawkku, Mong Hko, Hanhwe-Mu, Laihka, and other points; transports complete 415 sorties to forward areas.

AAFPOA Seventh Air Force: 17 Guam Island-based B-24s pound Marcus Island airfield and defensive installations in the N Pacific. 22 B-24s from Angaur Airfield hit a troop concentration at Kabacan, Mindanao. VII Fighter Command: 16 P-51s from Iwo Jima bomb and strafe military installations at Chichi Jima during the early morning.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 62: During the night of 9/10 Apr, 16 B-29s mine Shimonoseki Strait between Kyushu and Honshu without loss.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: A-20s and fighter bombers support ground forces at Balete Pass, Baguio, and Solvec Cove areas and at several points in SW Luzon, and attack Japanese forces in the Legaspi area. B-24s and fighter-bombers support ground forces on Cebu and on Negros. Several B-24s on armed reconnaissance missions hit China and Indochina coastal targets.

TUESDAY, 10 APRIL 1945

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): In coordinated operations with US Navy (USN) aircraft, seven B-24s napalm-bomb Kataoka naval base on Shimushu; Four B-25s attempt to hit radar installations on Minami Cape on Paramushiru, the primary air warning station in the Kurils, but fail to release bombs due to an approach error; 3 other B-25s deck level bomb a Masugawa River cannery; and a B-24 investigates ice floes along the Kurile Islands.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): 23 B-24s pound Yungcheng, China storage areas; 50+ B-25s and 180+ fighter-bombers (operating in small flights) attack numerous targets throughout S and E China; targets hit are mainly troops, horses, town areas, storage areas, and river, road, and rail traffic.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): About 30 fighter-bombers attack troop concentrations at Tonglau, at points along the Zawgyi River, and at other locations in the C Burma battle area; 455 transport sorties are flown to forward areas. The 82d Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), based at Fenny, India with B-25s, begins operating from Meiktila.

AAFPOA (VII Fighter Command): During the night of 10/11 Apr, 6 Iwo Jima based P-61s, flying individual strikes bomb and strafe Chichi, Muko, Ani, and Haha Jima.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s bomb the town of Koshun. A-20s and fighter-bombers again support ground forces in SW Luzon Island and in the Balete Pass, Baguio, and Solvec Cove areas, and pound the Legaspi area. B-24s and fighter-bombers support ground forces on Cebu. B-24s bomb Liang Airfield on Ambon, Moluccas Islands and Bingkalapa Airfield on Celebes Island. HQ 35th Fighter Group and the 39th Fighter Squadron move from Mangaldan to Lingayen Airfield with P-51s

WEDNESDAY, 11 APRIL 1945

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): P-38s together with USN aircraft pick up bomb filled paper balloons over Attu and E of Adak. One balloon over Attu is shot down and portions of the gondola are recovered from Massacre Bay.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 7 B-25s bomb Hsihhsiassuchi, 5 pound the Pinglo barracks and storage area, and a few others hit the Yanglowtung railroad yards and targets of opportunity E of Paoching; 150+ fighter-bombers attack troops, river, road and rail traffic, and a variety of targets of opportunity scattered throughout S and E China and N French Indochina.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 54 fighter-bombers hit troop and supply concentrations near Mong Kung and Mong Nim, attack trucks and targets of opportunity in other areas behind the battleline, and sweep several roads S of bomb line; transports fly 424 sorties carrying men and supplies to forward areas.

JAPAN - Kamikaze aircraft attack the U.S. fleet off Okinawa, USS Enterprise CV-6 is seriously damaged.

AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 24 B-24s from Angaur Airfield hit Cotabato supply and personnel areas on Mindanao Island. 18 B-24s from Guam pound positions on Eten.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA: B-24s bomb Cotabato on Mindanao. On Negros Island, B-24s hit Japanese defenses NW of Guadalupe and A-20s hit a bivouac E of Negritos. On Luzon Island B-24s, B-25s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers bomb numerous targets including Fuga Island, the Cagayan Valley areas, Santa Fe, bridges and other communications in Iligan, Naguilian, Manga, and Tuguegarao, and troops and supply concentration N of Imugan; troop support strikes are flown in the Solvec Cove area and E of Manila; Baguio and a troop concentration in the Batangas area and on the Bicol peninsula are bombed; at Iriga, defenses are hit with napalm. On Formosa, B-24s bomb Okayama while B-25s hit several targets including the Ts'eng Wen sugar refinery, Seiko, Sunbon-sha, and Shasekiryo. P-38s attack gun positions at Tarakan.

RNZAF: Lost is F4U Corsair NZ5473 (MIA).

Australian Army: Eight "Z" Special Unit (Z Force) commandos land on Muschu Island. Seven were killed and only Dennis escaped by swimming to coast.

THURSDAY, 12 APRIL 1945

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): P-38s shoot down paper bomb-balloons over Attu Island.

ZONE OF INTERIOR (ZI): The Commander-In-Chief, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, dies in Warm Springs, Georgia and Harry S Truman is sworn in as the new President.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, twelve B-24s supported by fourteen P-51s, bomb the Wuchang railroad yards and Wuchang Airfield; Seven B-25s bomb the Hsuchang railroad yards, 3 hit Loning, 2 attack Likuanchiao, 2 bomb Tenghsien, and a single B-25 attack storage areas at Pingyao and Huaiching; 100+ fighter-bombers attack troops, horses, bridges, river shipping, trucks, and railroad targets at several locations in French Indochina and at points scattered over S and E China; the 449th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, based at Chengkung with P-38s, sends a detachment to operate from Posek.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): 75 fighter-bombers continue to pound targets in the C Burma battle area; troop concentrations, gun positions, supplies, vehicles, and general targets of opportunity are attacked along the battlefront, behind enemy lines, and along roads S of the bomb line; 369 air supply sorties are flown throughout the day. The 20th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, based at Myitkyina, with F-6s and P-40s, sends a flight to operate from Akyab Airfield.

AAFPOA Seventh Air Force: 24 B-24s, based on Angaur Airfield hit a personnel area at Kabacan on Mindanao. VII Fighter Command: 90 P-51s are dispatched to escort B-29s on a raid against Tokyo; they claim 15-6-3 Japanese aircraft; 4 P 51s are lost. During the night of 12/13 Apr, 6 Iwo Jima based fighters, operating singly at intervals, bomb and strafe targets on Kita, Chichi, Haha, and Ani Jima.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): 4 missions are flown. Mission 63: 94 B-29s, escorted by 90 P-51s, strike the Nakajima aircraft factory at Tokyo while 11 hit the secondary target, the Shizuoka engine plant; B-29s gunners claim 16 fighters downed.
Mission 64: 66 B-29s hit a chemical plant at Koriyama and 9 hit targets of opportunity. Mission 65: 70 B-29s hit a second chemical plant at Koriyama and 6 hit targets of opportunity; 2 B-29s are lost. Mission 66: During the night of 12/13 Apr, 5 B-29s mine Shimonoseki Strait.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: P-38s and A-20s support ground troops on Cebu and Negros. On Mindanao Island, B-24s bomb Sapakan, Kabacan and the Davao Bay areas and P-38s hit Cotabato and also Kabacan. On Luzon Island, B-24s, B-25s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers pound targets throughout the Cagayan Valley, blast defenses at Balete Pass and in the Baguio area, and hit troops, communications targets, and defenses at numerous points in SW and SE Luzon Island. On Formosa, B-24s attack Tainan and bomb Okayama Airfield. The 70th Troop Carrier Squadron, 433d Troop Carrier Group, moves from Dulag to Tanauan with C-46s and C-47s.

FRIDAY, 13 APRIL 1945

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): At Attu Island, 27 P-38s and P-40s scramble following radar reports of unidentified plots; later, they shoot down 9 of 11 Japanese paper bomb-balloons sighted over the W Aleutians.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): 6 B-25s hit a fort at Bac Ninh, French Indochina. In China, 11 B-25s bomb the railroad yards and warehouse area at Kaifeng and 6 knock out a bridge at Ningming; Seven B-25s hit shipping in the S China Sea, Bakli Bay and the town areas of Tenghsien and Liuchow; 4 others, along with 5 P-51s, knock out a bridge and hit the town area and shipping at Puchi; 24 P-38s and P-51s knock out 3 bridges, damage another, and hit several targets of opportunity in N French Indochina; about 140 fighter-bombers fly armed reconnaissance and strikes throughout S and E China, hitting rail, road, and river traffic, town areas, troops, and general targets of opportunity. Unit moves in China: the detachment of the 16th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, operating from Poseh with P-51s returns to base at Chengkung; the 490th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 341st Bombardment Group (Medium), from Warazup, Burma to Hanchung with B-25s.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 30+ P-47s and P-38s attack troops and supplies in the Hamn gai, Loi-hseng, and Wan Yin areas and sweep roads S of the bomb line in C Burma; air transport operations to the front areas total 450 sorties. The 317th Troop Carrier Squadron (Commando), 2d Air Commando Group, moves from Palel to Kalaikunda, India with C-47s.

AAFPOA (Seventh AF): Eighteen Guam based B-24s pound enemy positions on Marcus; 23 B-24s from Angaur Airfield bomb personnel and storage areas at Kabacan on Mindanao Island. 2 Saipan-based P-61 night fighters bomb and strafe Pagan.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 67: During the night of 13/14 Apr, 327 B-29s bomb the Tokyo arsenal area; 3 others hit targets of opportunity; 7 B-29s are lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s hit the Hong Kong waterfront (Taikoo Docks) and storage areas in Canton, China. On Formosa, other B-24s hit Tainan Airfield and Okayama Airfield while B-25s attack railroads. On Luzon Island, numerous sweeps are flown over the Cagayan Valley and ground support missions are continued on Luzon, Cebu, and Negros. On Mindanao, B-24s bomb the Davao area and B-25s hit various targets on Mindanao and in the Sulu Archipelago.

SATURDAY, 14 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 24 B-24s, supported by 12 P-51s, bomb Loyang and knock out a bridge over the Yellow River; 30+ B-25s and 130+ fighter-bombers attack bridges (knocking out at least 6), river, road, and rail traffic, troops, storage areas, town areas, and general targets of opportunity over the vast expanse of S and E China; the 118th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, Fourteenth AF (attached to 23d Fighter Group), based at Chengkung, begins operating from Laohwangping with P-40s and P-51s.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 41 P-47s and P-38s attack troops, supplies, and fuel dumps at Tawnghkam Nawng-hkam, Mong Kung, Loi-makhkawn, and Nawngkaw; 8 P-38s damage bridges at Kong pau and Kyawngteng; 446 transport flights are flown to forward areas.

AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 24 Angaur Airfield based B-24s pound supply and personnel areas at Tigatto in the Philippines.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): B-29 units arriving at Northwest Field, from the US: HQ 16th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) and the 16th and 17th Bombardment Squadrons (Very Heavy); HQ 501st Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) and the 21st and 485th Bombardment Squadrons (Very Heavy).

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-25s sweep the Canton-Hong Kong, China waterways, hitting shipping and other targets and B-24s bomb four airfields on Formosa. In the Philippine Islands, B-24s, B-25s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers fly numerous strikes in support of ground forces and against airfields, gun positions, defenses, and troop concentrations throughout Luzon, Cebu, Negros, and Mindanao. Lost is P-51D Mustang 44-63651 (MIA).

SUNDAY, 15 APRIL 1945

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A B-24 flies a weather reconnaissance mission.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 3 B-25s knock out the Pa- Ching pontoon bridge, 7 pound a storage depot at Fang-cheng, 4 bomb Tunganhsien, and 3 hit Paoching; 1 B-24 bombs the Canton docks; almost 200 fighter-bombers ranging over all of S China and up into the N China plain hit numerous targets including bridges, river shipping, town areas, trucks, railroad traffic, gun positions, storage areas, and general targets of opportunity; the Paoching, Hengyang, Yungfengshih, and Hsihhsiassuchi areas are especially hard hit.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 62 P-38s and P-47s attack troop concentrations and supply areas at Loi-Mwe, Lawksawk, Thongdan, and near Laihka; 312 transport sorties are flown to forward areas.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): 2 missions are flown during the night of 15/16 Apr. Mission 68: 194 B-29s bomb the Kawasaki urban area; 8 others hit targets of opportunity; 12 B-29s are lost. Mission 69: 109 B-29s hit the urban area of Tokyo; 1 B-29 is lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Formosa B-24s bomb Toyohara, Shinchiku, and Shinshoshi Airfields and B-25s hit the Shoka rail yards. On Luzon Island, B-24s and fighter-bombers bomb island fortifications in Manila Bay, fighter-bombers hit bivouacs and other targets in N Luzon and support ground forces east of Manila and Carabao. Fighter bombers and B-24s fly support missions for ground forces on Negros and Cebu. On Mindanao, B-24s bomb the Davao area and B-25s join US Marine Corps (USMC) aircraft in hitting highways and vehicles. The 4th Fighter Squadron (Commando), 3d Air Commando Group, moves from Mangaldan to Laoag with P-51s.

MONDAY, 16 APRIL 1945

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): B-25s abort a mission to bomb Hayakegawa because of weather front; six B-24s radarbomb the Kataoka naval base on Shimushu; another B-24 flies a radar-ferret sortie.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 18 B-24s pound a storage area at Linfen; 3 bomb targets of opportunity in the Bakli Bay and Canton areas; 10 B-25s bomb Yungfengshih, Kweilin, and Shanhsien, knocking out 1 bridge and hitting buildings, river shipping, and rail traffic. About 120 fighter-bombers over S and E China hit river, road, and rail traffic, town areas, troops, and general targets of opportunity at many scattered locations; the 490th Bombardment Squadron, 341st Bombardment Group, based at Hanchung sends a detachment to operate from Hsian with B-25s.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 22 fighter-bombers pound troop concentrations in the Ke-hsi Mansam vicinity; 19 others attack road bridges behind enemy lines, claiming 1 bridge destroyed; air transport operations to forward areas continue on steady basis.

USN - Lost on a strike in Palau is F4U Corsair 76471.

AAFPOA Seventh Air Force: Eighteen Guam based B-24s pound Marcus. 2 P-61s from Saipan bomb and strafe Pagan. VII Fighter Command: Mission 3: In the first very long range fighter operation from Iwo Jima, P-51s with Twentieth AF B-29 navigational escort, strafe and bomb targets at Kanoya Airfield; 4 P-51s are lost; B-25s continue to furnish navigational escort in all subsequent VII Fighter Command strikes (through 14 Aug) on Japan from Iwo Jima.

USN - Lost over Palau is FG-1D Corsair 76471.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Formosa, B-25s hit Taien Airfield, while B-24s and P-51s bomb Giran Airfield and Matsuyama Airfield and nearby areas. Fighter bombers hit N Luzon Island bivouacs and other targets and support strikes and sweeps are flown over Cebu, Negros, and Mindanao with B-25s hitting highways on Mindanao and B-24s hit Carabao. P-38s pound Lingkas Tank Farm and other targets at Tarakan. During the night of 15/16 Apr B-24s bomb Taihoku, Formosa. The 387th Bombardment Squadron, 312th Bombardment Group moves from Mangaldan to Floridablanca with A-20s. Damaged in a take off accident is P-51D 44-64145 (survived) and P-51D 44-63280 (survived).

TUESDAY, 17 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 4 B-25s and 4 P-51s blast river shipping S of Yiyang; 6 B-25s bomb the area around Kwangsi University at Liang-feng; 2 B-24s bomb the Bakli Bay dock area; 70+ P-51s and P-40s hit troops, town areas, road traffic, river shipping, and general targets of opportunity at several locations in S and E China including Changsha, Sinning, Sinhwa, Yiyang, Tungting Lake, Paoching, Yungfengshih, Shanhsien, Lingling, Pingsiang, Tsinkong, and Hochih.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 18 fighter-bombers hit troops and supplies near Mong Kung and Wan Hpun; 12 others attack vehicles and other targets of opportunity along roads S of the bomb line; 489
transport sorties are completed to forward areas throughout the day.

AAFPOA (VII Fighter Command): 18 P-51s flying two strikes from Iwo Jima attack vessels in Futamiko in the Bonin Islands.

5th AF: Damaged during a landing accident is P-51K 44-12025 (pilot survived).

USMC - Lost ona ferry mission is F4U 49668.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Missions 70 to 75: 118 B-29s bomb airfields at Tachiarai, Kokubu, Izumi, Nittagahara, and 2 at Kanoya; 5 others attack targets of opportunity; beginning on this date and continuing through 11 May, XXI Bomber Command devotes about 75 per cent of its combat effort to support of the Okinawa campaign; during this period the B-29s fly more than 2,100 sorties against 17 airfields on Kyushu and Shikoku which are dispatching air attacks (including Kamikaze raids) against USN and USMC forces.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Formosa, B-24s bomb Taichu, Shinshoshi, Toyohara, and Okayama Airfields and B-25s hit the airfield at Taito. Numerous sweeps and sorties are flown in support of ground forces over Luzon, Cebu, Negros, and Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago. B-24s over Mindanao bomb Cotabato and Kabacan. The 69th and 311th Fighter Squadrons, 58th Fighter Group, move from Mangaldan to Porac with P-47s. Lost is A-20G 42-86748.

WEDNESDAY, 18 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 3 B-25s hit trucks and other targets of opportunity E of Siangtan; 52 P-51s and P-40s attack river shipping, town areas, rail and road traffic, tanks, and bridges at several S and E China locations including Sinhwa, Hengyang, Changsha, Luchai, Paoching, Kweiyang, Yenkou, Sinning, and Siangtan.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 21 P-38s attack troop concentration, tanks, artillery positions, and a bivouac area near Man Li and Kongsam; 5 P-61s hit a supply area W of Laihka; transports land or drop 806 tons of supplies at forward bases and frontline areas.

AAFPOA (VII Fighter Command): During the night of 18/19 Apr, 3 Iwo Jima based P-61s flying individual strikes, bomb and strafe Futamiko and the radio station on Chichi Jima.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Missions 76 to 81: 112 B-29s hit Japanese airfields at Tachiarai, Izumi, Kokubu, Nittagahara, and 2 at Kanoya, the same targets attacked yesterday; 13 other B-29s hit targets of opportunity; 2 B-29s are lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Formosa B-25s bomb Karenko Airfield, B-24s bit Tainan, Giran, Toyohara, Hobi, and Soton Airfields, and P-38s on sweeps hit rail and road transportation. Fighter bombers and A-20s hit the Balete Pass area and support ground forces on Luzon, Negros, and Cebu. B-24s bomb Piso Point on Mindanao. B-25s and P-38s hit Tarakan and Sandakan. HQ 58th Fighter Group and 310th Fighter Squadron move from Mangaldan to Porac with P-47s.

War correspondent Ernie Pyle, one of the most famous journalist covering the war is fatally shot while accompanying a marine landing on Ie Shima.

THURSDAY, 19 APRIL 1945

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): 8 B-25s off to bomb Kurile Island targets abort due to weather.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 12 B-24s bomb railway repair shops at Taiyuan; 3 others attack targets of opportunity in Bakli Bay, 8 B-25s attack bridges and rail and road traffic N and NE of Anyang and NE of Taiku, damaging or destroying several locomotives and numerous boxcars; 100+ P-40s, P-51s, and P-47s attack town areas, troops, river, road, and rail traffic, and general targets of opportunity all over S and E China and hit a few targets of opportunity in N French Indochina.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 14 P-38s hit supplies near Paklu, a fuel dump at Hainang, and bridges near Kunna; 1 bridge is knocked out; 6 other P-38s attack targets of opportunity along roads behind enemy lines; air supply operations continue as 800 tons of supplies are landed or dropped in forward areas.

AAFPOA Seventh Air Force: 17 B-24s from Guam hit Dublon, Fefan and Eten. 25 B-24s from Angaur Airfield bomb Arakabesan and Koror. VII Fighter Command: 8 P-51s from Iwo Jima bomb and strafe Futamiko in the Bonin. During the night of 19/20 Apr, 6 P-61s from Iwo Jima, operating singly and at intervals, bomb and strafe Chichi, Haha, and Muko Jima. Very Long Range Mission 4: 104 P-51s fly a fighter sweep to Atsugi Airfield and Yokusuka Airfield; they claim 23-0-7 aircraft in the air and 14-0-23 on the ground; 2 P-51s are lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA: B-24s bomb Tainan Airfield and Shinchiku town. Numerous missions are flown in support of ground forces on Luzon, Cebu, and Negros. On Mindanao, other B-24s bomb personnel areas at Kabacan, Cagayan, and along the Davao River. Tarakan is hit by a light B-25 strike while B-24s returning from a French Indochina coastal sweep bomb Sandakan. B-25s, with P-51 cover, hit Haimi. Unit moves on Luzon: HQ 3d Air Commando Group and the 3d Fighter Squadron (Commando) from Mangaldan to Laoag with P-51s; HQ 35th Fighter Group from Lingayen Airfield to Clark Field; HQ 312th Bombardment Group from Mangaldan to Floridablanca; the 431st, 432d and 433d Fighter Squadrons, 475th Fighter Group, from Clark Field to Lingayen Airfield with P-38s. The 25th Liaison Squadron, 13 AF, moves from Dulag to Malabang with UC-78s and L-5s.

FRIDAY, 20 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, seven B-25s hit the town of Neihsiang and attack railroad targets of opportunity from Saiping to Lohochai and from Linying, Burma to Hsuchang; 9 B-25s bomb Loyang and Luchou; 100+ P-51s, P-40s, and P-47s concentrate attacks against town areas throughout S and E China, also hitting troops, gun positions, river traffic, and other targets of opportunity.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): 32 P-38s knock out 3 bridges and damage 5 others in C Burma behind the enemy lines; 12 P-47s hit a troop concentration and ration dump at Tonglau, 18 attack a troop concentration around a monastery at Kengkawmanhaung, and 12 attack troops along a stream near Wan Nahpeit; 497 transport sorties land or drop 784 tons of supplies in forward areas. Unit moves: 1st Troop Carrier Squadron, 443d Troop Carrier Group, from Sookerating, India to Warazup, Burma with C-47s; 20th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, from Myitkyina to Nagaghuli with F-6s and P-40s (a flight is operating from Akyab Airfield); 164th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, from Asansol to Sinthe, Burma with UC-64s and L-5s.

B-29 bombers destroy Musashi aircraft assembly plants stopping production of the Nakajima Hayate Ki84-Ia fighter planes.

AAFPOA (VII Fighter Command): 11 P-51s from Iwo Jima bomb Haha Jima.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s bomb Tainan Airfield while P-51s attack Koshun Airfield. Large-scale FEAF support of ground forces on Luzon, Cebu, and Negros continues. B-24s bomb Sepinggang Airfield and Labuan Airfield and P-38s and B-25s hit Tarakan. Lost are B-24D 42-73490. Unit moves on Luzon: HQ 475th Fighter Group from Clark Field to Lingayen Airfield; 386th, 388th and 389th Bombardment Squadrons, 312th Bombardment Group from Mangaldan to Floridablanca with A-20s.

SATURDAY, 21 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 5 B-25s bomb Loyang; a single B-24 hits targets of opportunity in Bakli Bay; 30 P-51s and P-47s attack railroad and road targets, barracks area, buildings, and bridges at or near Paoching, Chihsien, Taiku, Hsihhsiassuchi, Shaho, Linfen, Luan, Yutze, and Shanhsien.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): Bad weather over C Burma causes canceling or aborting of all combat missions however, transports complete 464 sorties, landing or dropping 682 tons of supplies to forward areas. The 81st Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), based at Fenny, India with B-25s, sends a detachment to operate from Meiktila.

AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): Eighteen Guam based B-24s bomb Marcus.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Missions 82 to 90: The XXI Bomber Command continues to hit airfields in Japan; 217 B-29s blast airfields at Oita, 2 at Kanoya, Usa, Kokubu, Kushira, Tachiarai, Izumi, and Nittagahara; 21 other B-29s hit targets of opportunity including the city of Kagoshima.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: FEAF continues large scale support of ground forces on Luzon, Cebu, Negros, and Jolo. On Borneo, B-24s bomb Miri, Kudat, Manggar, and Sepinggang Airfields and P-38s hit Tarakan and Sandakan, Miri Airfield, oil storage near Lutong, and, with B-24s, attack targets of opportunity along the SW Celebes coast. The 39th Fighter Squadron, 35th Fighter Group, moves from Lingayen Airfield to Clark Field, Luzon with P-47s. Lost is F-7B "Cherokee Strip" 44-40198.

SUNDAY, 22 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 2 B-24s bomb targets of opportunity at Canton and in Bakli Bay; 5 B-25s bomb Hsuchang and hit the area to the NW; 19 P-51s and P-47s attack trains, trucks, troops, horses, and town areas at or near Linfen, Luan, Sincheng, Fentingtukou, Taiku, Chenghsien, Sinsiang, and Kaifeng.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, bad weather again cancels scheduled air strikes; 464 transport sorties fly 664 tons of supplies to forward areas.

AAFPOA (VII Fighter Command): 99 effective sorties are flown during fighter attack from Iwo Jima against Akenogahara and Suzuko Airfields in Japan; they claim 10 aircraft downed and 15 destroyed on the ground.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Missions 91 to 95: Strikes against airfields continue; 87 B-29s bomb airfields at Izumi, Kushira, Miyazaki, Tomitaka, and Kanoya and 6 others hit targets of opportunity; 1 B-29 is lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Numerous missions in support of ground forces on Luzon, Cebu, and Negros continue. In Borneo, B-24s bomb Manggar and Jesselton airfields and P-38s hit Kuching. B-24s hit shipping and harbor installations at Saigon.

USNL Lost is FM-274105

MONDAY, 23 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 5 B-25s blast the Hsuchang railroad yards, completely demolishing a locomotive repair shop; 2 B-24s attack targets of opportunity in the S China Sea; 39 P-47s and P-51s attack troops, horses, trains, and rivercraft at or near Nanyang, Burma and Taiku, Shanhsien, Hsihhsiassuchi, Loning, Sinyang, Chenghsien, Sichuan, Lushan, and along the Pinghan railroad, and render a railroad tunnel near Sinyang unusable.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 7 P-61s attack with napalm, rockets, and cannon several targets during sweeps from Laihka to Loilem to Hopong to Wan Yin; Laihka Airfields, a bridge S of Wan Yin, trucks, and other targets are successfully pounded; 40+ fighter-bombers attack troop concentrations along and behind the lines at several points including Loilem, Nawng Leng, Mong Pawn, and Naungtaw; a bridge at Namhkok is temporarily out due to bomb damage to approaches; 570 transport sorties are flown to forward areas throughout the day.

AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): Thirteen B-24s from Guam pound positions on Marcus. The 28th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Seventh AF at Kualoa Airfield with F-5Es, sends a detachment to operate from Okinawa, the first Seventh AF unit to arrive (another detachment is operating from Saipan Island).

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Formosa, B-25s hit the Shinei railroad yards, P-51s hit Karenko Airfield and P-38s attack various targets of opportunity. Fighter bombers continue to support ground forces in the N and S parts of Luzon Island pounding numerous artillery positions, supply areas, and general targets of opportunity. B-24s bomb a military depot at Shanghai and shipping in Yulin Harbor off Hainan. B-24s bomb the naval base at Saigon. In Borneo, other B-24s bomb airfields at Sepinggang and Jesselton and P-38s drop napalm on Tarakan. Other B-24s fly a shipping sweep over the Makassar Srait and damage several small vessels.

(USN) PB4Y's of Patrol Bombing Squadron 109 launched two Bat glide bombs against the enemy shipping in Balikpapan Harbor in the first combat employment of the only automatic homing bomb to be used in World War II. Lost is F4U 57897.

TUESDAY, 24 APRIL 1945

ZONE OF INTERIOR (Second Air Force): The air echelon of the 19th Photographic Charting Squadron, 311th Photographic Wing (Mapping and Charting), based at Buckley Field, Colorado, moves from Accra, Gold Coast to Watton, England with F-9s (the squadron begins photo mapping of Europe in Jun 45).

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): 2 B-24s bomb Hongay, French Indochina railroad yards and attack targets of opportunity in S China Sea. In China, 2 B-24s damage a vessel at Bakli Bay; 4 B-25s hit railroad targets of opportunity from Siaokan to Sinyang while 2 damage a bridge at Kuanshuishih; 50+ P-51s, P-61s, and P-40s attack rivercraft, railroad targets, trucks, bridges, troops, horses, and other targets of opportunity at numerous S and E China locations as pressure by allied air and ground forces mounts against enemy movement and supply routes.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, about 40 P-47s and P-38s attack troop concentrations, storage areas, vehicles, and targets of opportunity in the Mong Nawng vicinity, W of Mong Kung-Laihka road, S of Loilem, and at Wan Hsan; transports land or drop 747 tons of supplies at advance bases and in frontline areas. The 71st and 115th Liaison Squadrons, Tenth AF [attached to 1st Liaison Group (Provisional)], move from Myityina to Dinjan (air echelons remain at Myitkyina with UC-64s, L-1s, L-4s and L-5s until May).

AAFPOA (VII Fighter Command): HQ 506th Fighter Group and the 457th, 458th and 462d Fighter Squadrons arrive at North Field from the US with P-51s.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 96: 101 B-29s strike the Hitahi aircraft plant at Tachikawa; 21 others hit alternates and targets of opportunity; they claim 16 Japanese aircraft; 5 B-29s are lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: A-20s and fighter bombers continue to strike in support of ground forces on Luzon. On Formosa, A-20s hit sugar refineries at Mizukami and Shinei while B-24s bomb Tainan and Hokko. Other B-24s bomb Tabanio and Miri. Crashed is P-51D 44-64045 (survived) and P-51D 44-63357 (survived).

WEDNESDAY, 25 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): 2 B-24s bomb the railroad yards at Hongay, French Indochina. In China, 4 B-25s and 4 P-47s damage a bridge and knock out an AA position N of Anyang; 50+ P-47s and P-51s hit river, road, and rail targets, troops, horses, and buildings in areas around Loning, Hsihhsiassuchi, Linfen, Kuanshuishih, Saiping, Yungcheng, Sichuan, and Tsingsinghsien.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 16 P-38s attack truck parks, fuel dumps, and supply areas at Hopong and Hotang; 20 other P-38s hit troops at Wan Kinglong and at other points in the C Burma battle area;
transports complete 445 sorties to forward areas, landing or dropping 624 tons of supplies. The 165th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, moves from Sinthe, Burma to Asansol with UC-64s and L-5s.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Brigadier General Joseph Smith assumes command of HQ XX Bomber Command.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s bomb the harbor at Saigon, Balete Pass bridges, and the airfields at Boeloedowang on Celebes Island and Basco. On Luzon, B-25s, A-20s, and fighters concentrate on Cagayan Valley bridges and support ground forces around Balete Pass, Baguio, and Solvee Cove; other FEAF support missions continue on S Luzon from Ipo Dam to New Bosoboso, E of Santa Maria, NE of Siniloan, Anuling, Monte Banahao, near Legaspi, and S of Camalig, and in the Monte Mandalagan-Monte Silay area.

USN: Sunk by depth charges from USS HORACE A. BASS (APD-144) is RO-109.

THURSDAY, 26 APRIL 1945

CARIBBEAN (Sixth Air Force): The 29th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), VI Bomber Command, moves from Rio Hato, Panama to the Galapagos Islands with B-24s.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): Two B-24s bomb docks at Hongay, French Indochina. In China, ten B-25s and four P-47s knock out bridges near Wuchang and N of Taiku and damage a bridge near Kaifeng; 80+ fighter-bombers blast troops, horses, road and rail transport, tanks, gun positions, and targets of opportunity at numerous places in S and E China as the campaign against the occupying Japanese intensifies.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 30 P-38s and P-47s attack troop concentrations E of Wan Sing, at Naungtaw, and in the vicinity of Loilem; transports land or drop 553 tons of supplies at forward bases and frontline areas.

AAFPOA Seventh Air Force: 13 B-24s from Guam bomb Eten. VII Fighter Command: Mission 6: An unknown number of P-51s escort B-29s to Japan.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Missions 97 to 107: 195 B-29s (some escorted by fighters of the VII Fighter Command) bomb airfields at Usa, Oita, Saeki, Tomitaka, Imabari, Nittagahara, Miyazaki, Kanoya, Kokubu, and Miyakonojo, Japan; 41 other B-29s hit targets of opportunity.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s bomb Shanghai. On Formosa, B-25s hit the Heito sugar refinery and nearby targets of opportunitys and P-38s on a sweep also hit several targets of opportunity. B-25s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers continue to fly numerous sorties in support of ground forces on N and S Luzon. B-24s join USMC aircraft in pounding Cebu targets. B-24s hit Miri Airfield and B-25s and fighters hit targets on Tarakan. Unit moves: 12th Fighter Squadron, 18th Fighter Group, based at San Jose with P-38s, begins operating from Puerto Princesa; 421st Night Fighter Squadron, V Fighter Command, from San Marcelino to Clark Field with P-38s and P-61s.

FRIDAY, 27 APRIL 1945

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Six B-24s drop fragmentation bombs on the Kataoka naval base, one B-24 hits Minami Cape and another flies a radar-ferret mission.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 5 B-25s and 70+ fighter bombers attack bridges, positions, villages and town areas, gun emplacements, and river, road, and rail traffic at many points in S and E China chiefly around Fantung.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 37 P-38s and P-47s hit troop concentrations in the Wan Pong and Nawng Leng areas; 12 other fighter bombers sweep roads S of the bomb line; transports complete 408 sorties throughout the day, landing or dropping 618 tons of supplies at forward bases and frontline areas; the 166th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, moves from Meiktila to Toungoo with UC-64s and L-5s.

AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 11 Guam Island-based B-24s bomb Woleai.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Missions 108 to 113: 109 B-29s strike airfields at Izumi, Miyazaki, Kokubu, Miyakonojo, Kanoya, and Kushira on Kyushu; 3 B-29s hit targets of opportunity; 2 bombers are lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island, B-25s attack Japanese installations at Cabatuan, La-lo, and Garit Norte; A-20s hit towns throughout the area; in S Luzon, fighter-bombers and A-20s hit targets E of Manila, in the Legaspi area, and at other scattered points. B-24s hit Jesselton Airfield and B-25s bomb Tarakan. B-24s bomb Mandai Airfield and other B-24s hit Soerabaja, Java. The 550th Night Fighter Squadron, XIII Fighter Command (attached to 85th Fighter Wing), based at Tacloban with P-38s, P-61s and P-70s, sends a detachment to operate from Zamboanga. Ditched is A-20G 43-21390.

RAAF: Ditched on a night mission is Liberator A72-133.

IJN: Two torpedo bombers: B5N2 Kate piloted by Takahashi and B5N2 Kate piloted by Nagai attack floating dry docks in Seealder Harbor. Lost is B5N2 Kate piloted by Nagai.

SATURDAY, 28 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 10 B-25s bomb Paoching Airfield and the Shaho railroad yards, knock out a bridge near Kaifeng, and damage a bridge W of Showyang; about 80 fighter-bombers attack troops, airfields, storage facilities, railroad targets, rivercraft, trucks, and enemy positions in S and E China, again concentrating on the Fantung area; a B-24 claims a freighter sunk in the S China Sea.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 8 P-38s attack a cavalry regiment and supplies in the Namhok area; 6 others hit a bivouac area near Pawngleng; 22 P-47s are detailed to strike at troops, artillery positions, trucks, elephants, and carts along and behind the enemy lines in C Burma; despite bad weather most of the fighter-bombers complete their missions; transports make 441 flights to forward areas, landing or dropping 610 tons of supplies. The 82d Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), ceases operating from Meiktila and returns to base at Fenny, India with B-25s.

AAFPOA Seventh Air Force: 12 B-24s from Guam hit Param during the early morning hours; 12 more attack Param during the afternoon. 20 P-47s from Saipan sweep Truk, strafing small vessels, Param Airfield and Moen Airfield.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Missions 114 to 119: 119 B-29s hit airfields at Kushira, Kanoya, Miyakonojo, Kokubu, Miyazaki, and Izumi on Kyushu; 4 others hit targets of opportunity; they claim a total of 14 Japanese fighters; 5 B-29s are lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA: On northern Luzon, B-25s hit targets in the Itogon area; A-20s attack Itogon mines and start fires among huts at Fabrica; fighter-bombers attack Balete Pass, Cagayan Valley, Tuguegarao, Trinidad, and Cervantes; on S Luzon A-20s and fighter-bombers support ground forces at various points including the Batangas sector and hit targets around Norzagaray, Ipo Dam, Montalban, New Bosoboso, and along the San Andres trail. B-24s bomb Toshien, Formosa and several secondary targets. In Borneo, B-24s hit Kuching while B-25s and P-38s hit Tarakan and targets of opportunity along the Sarawak coast. B-24s over the Celebes bomb Masamba, Malimpoeng, and Mandai Airfields. B-25s sink about 20,000 tons of merchant shipping in Saigon Harbor. The 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 6th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, moves from Biak to Clark Field with F-5s.

SUNDAY, 29 APRIL 1945

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Twelve B-25s attempting to bomb targets in the Kurile Islands abort due to a weather front. Six B-24s radar-bomb Kataoka naval base on Shimushu.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 3 B-25s and 4 P-47s blast targets at the Taiyuan railroad yards; about 50 fighter-bombers, operating in forces of 1 to 4 aircraft, blast numerous targets of opportunity in S and E China, hitting especially the Fantung area.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 5 P-47s attack Laihka Airfield; 6 others strafe troops and horses at Tadamo; transports fly 427 sorties to forward areas, landing or dropping 537 tons of supplies. Unit moves: 81st Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), ceases operating from Meiktila with B-25s and returns to base at Fenny, India; 317th Troop Carrier Squadron (Commando), 2d Air Commando Group, based at Kalaikunda, India with C-47s, sends a detachment to operate from Akyab Airfield.

AAFPOA VII Fighter Command: 20 Saipan based P-47s sweep Truk, strafing airfields, defenses, and gun positions on Moen and Param and hit Param and Falas with rockets. Seventh Air Force: 24 Guam-based B-24s subsequently attack the same airfields as the fighters above. Twenty B-24s, operating in two forces, pound Marcus Airfield.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Missions 120 to 125: 111 B-29s strike airfields on Kyushu, i.e., Miyazaki, Miyakonojo, Kokubu, 2 at Kanoya, and Kushira Airfields; they claim nearly 30 Japanese aircraft shot down; 2 B-29s are lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA: In support of ground forces on Luzon Island, fighter-bombers hit troop concentrations, supply areas, pillboxes, gun positions, vehicles, and other targets mainly in the Balete Pass, Baguio, and Echague areas and A-20s hit the New Bosoboso area, where fighters also support ground forces concentrating in the Ipo Dam area. In Borneo, B-24s pound Kuching Airfield while B-25s bomb Tarakan. Other B-24s hit Langoan Airfield, Mandai Airfield, and Mapanget Airfield. P-38s sweep French Indochina and strafe Thu Dau Mot Airfield. The 318th Troop Carrier Squadron (Commando), 3d Air Commando Group, moves from Mangaldan to Laoag with C-47s.

US Army Lost is L-4 piloted by Perkins

MONDAY, 30 APRIL 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 6 B-25s and 9 P-47s hit railroad yards at Taiyuan; 50+ P-47s, P-51s, and P-40s attack troops, defensive positions, bridges, rail targets, and scattered targets of opportunity in S and E China, concentrating around Laohokow, Hsihhsiassuchi, and Loning.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, bad weather cancels scheduled combat strikes; air supply operations to forward areas continue on a steady basis.

AAFPOA VII Fighter Command: In a thorough strafing and rocket strike on several islands of Truk Atoll, 20 P-47s from Saipan Island attack the seaplane base, several small vessels, the airfield, barracks, radio station, and numerous other targets. Long range mission 7: 104 P-51s escort B-29s to hit the Tachikawa air depot claiming 0-1-0 Japanese aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost. HQ 318th Fighter Group and the 19th, 73d and 333d Fighter Squadrons move from Saipan to Ie Shima with P-38s.

Seventh Air Force: 24 B-24s from Guam pound the airfields on Moen Airfield and Param Airfield. Twenty-two B-24s, operating in two waves about three hours apart, bomb Marcus Airfield.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Seven missions are flown. Mission 126: 69 B-29s hit the Tachikawa air depot; 25 others hit targets of opportunity. The escort is 104 P-51s. Missions 127 to 132: 56 B-29s hit airfields at Kokubu, Oita, Tomitaka, Saeki, and 2 at Kanoya and the city of Hamamatsu; 2 other B-29s hit targets of opportunity; the B-29s claim 10 aircraft downed.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Formosa, B-24s hit the Toshien fuel storage and bomb Tainan, Takao, and Okayama Airfields while B-25s hit Taito; escorting P-38s attack numerous targets of opportunity; and P-51s bomb Okayama Airfield. Numerous missions are flown over Luzon and Negros Islands by B-25s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers in support of the ground forces. B-24s attack the Davao area on Mindanao. In Borneo, P-38s hit Tarakan and B-24s bomb Manggar Airfield. Other B-24s bomb Malimpoeng Airfield on Celebes Island. The 157th and 160th Liaison Squadrons (Commando), 3d Air Commando Group, move from Calasio to Mabalacat with UC-64s and L-5s (the 160th has a detachment operating from Mindoro). Lost on a training flight is P-47D 43-24581.

USN: Off Okinawa, a kamikaze plane hits the hospital ship USS Comfort, killing eleven medical staff and 30 of the wounded. This is the third attack on medical vessels.

RAAF: Crashed on take off is Beaufort A9-559.

 

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