March 13, 1945
Today in World War II Pacific History
Day by day chronology
TUESDAY, 13 MARCH 1945
CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): Seven B-24s over the Gulf of Tonkin and the South China Sea claim a cargo vessel and a large junk destroyed. 13 P-40s, P-38s, and P-51s destroy a storehouse and damage a compound at Chinchengchiang, China and knock out a bridge and hit machinegun positions and other targets of opportunity at Lang Son, French Indochina.
INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 16 P-47s support forces of the Chinese 50th Division, hitting Japanese positions along the Namtu River in the Namhsan area; 26 P-38s hit road targets S of the bomb line in central Burma; 12 B-25s attack troop concentrations, supplies, and gun positions behind enemy lines; 4 P-47s hit a wooded area in the British 36 Division battle sector; other fighter-bombers make ineffective bridge strikes. Transports complete 500+ sorties to forward areas.
AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): Six B-24s from Guam hit Woleai while 10 others bomb Susaki Airfield; during the night of 13/14 Mar, 8 B-24s, flying individual strikes pound Susaki Airfield. 24 B-24s from Angaur Airfield bomb a storage area at Saragani Bay, Mindanao.
HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 42: In the third of the Twentieth AF's
great fire raids, 274 of 301 B-29s begin bombing Osaka,
shortly after 2400 hours local on the night of 13/14 March; because of 8/10 cloud
cover, bombing is by radar; the heart of the city, an area of 8.1 square miles
(21.0 square km), is wiped out during 3 hours of bombing from altitudes of
5,000' to 9,600' (1,524m to 2,926m); 134,744 houses are destroyed, 1,363 houses
damaged and Japanese casualties are 3,988 dead, 678 missing and 8,463 dead;
5 other B-29s bomb other targets; the B-29s claim 1-0-0 Japanese aircraft;
2 B-29s are lost including B-29 42-24754 (KIA).
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA: On Mindanao,
B-24s hit targets in the Saragani Bay area and effectively hit Lagao Town and B-25s support ground operations in the Zamboanga area. B-25s, A-20s,
and fighters support ground forces hitting forces and positions in the Cagayan
Valley. B-25s hit sampans off Hainan while P-51s sweep Samah
Airfield. B-24s hit installations in WC Formosa and at Mako.
The 408th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 22d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves
from Guiuan Airfield to Clark
Field with B-24s. Lost is P-51K 44-12054 (MIA).
RAAF: Lost is Beaufort A9-650 (KIA) over Maprik.