FRIDAY, 1 JANUARY 1943
CBI (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, six B-25s attack the railroad bridge near Myitnge,
claiming several hits on the target. Myitnge Airfield is also bombed.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) B-24s and five B-17s bomb the airfields at Rabaul and Gasmata Airfield and Lae Airfield, and attack shipping at Rabaul. Lost is B-24D "Crosair" 41-23752 (crew survived, one MIA).
SATURDAY, 2 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) Three B-25s, three B-26s and eight
P-38s bound for Kiska are
forced back by bad wether. The weather aircraft cannot see into Kiska Harbor or Gertrude Cove. Two B-24s fly photographic reconnaissance over Amchitka and encounter poor weather. An OA-10 unsuccessfully searches the east of Segula for a missing OA-10.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) In Burma, China Air Task Force fighters continue to hit
transportation targets, strafing a truck convoy on the Burma Road. The strikes
begin near Loiwing and cover 30 miles of highway. At least five trucks are destroyed
and others damaged. Six B-25s bomb Monywa Airfield.
SOUTH PACIFIC (13th AF) B-17s with P-38s bomb destroyers
30 miles south of Shortland without loss.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) A-20s, B-24s, B-25s and B-26s hit the airfield
and targets of opportunity at Lae and Gasmata. On the ground, Buna Mission is finally overrun by Australian
and US forces.
USN: Abandoned is PT-43.
SUNDAY, 3 JANUARY 1943
CBI (Tenth Air Force) The 9th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Tenth Air
Force with F-4s, moves from Chakulia to Pandaveswar. One flight is operating
SOUTH PACIFIC (Army Forces in South Pacific Area) The 394th Bombardment Squadron
(Heavy), 5th Bombardment Group with B-17s, based on Fiji, begins operating
from Espiritu Santo and Guadalcanal. Shot down over Munda Airfield is B-26 "Queenie" 41-17586, crew later rescued.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) P-40s strafe troops in the
waters off Buna as US and Australian ground forces are mopping up in the nearby Buna Missions area. B-26s, along with a single B-24 bombs Madang and an A-20
hits Salamaua. A lone B-24 strafes the airfield
on Gasmata. Lost is B-26 "So Sorry" 40-1422.
NEW GUINEA - Allied forces report that they have retaken most of the lower
areas of New Guinea, and the remaining Japanese resistance is
trapped in a hopeless positions.
MONDAY, 4 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) Six B-24s, three B-25s, three
B-26s and ten P-40s en route to Kiska,
are forced back near Segula by snow squalls and low ceiling. The weather aircraft
flies unsuccessful reconnaissance over Kiska and photographic reconnaissance is flown over Amchitka. An OA-10 investigates
flares reported near Kagalaska Strait.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) Heavy bombers from Gaya and Pandaveswar
pound the marshaling yard at Mandalay, halting the northbound flow of supplies.
Tracks and cars in the southern half of the marshaling yard are heavily bombed,
causing fires visible for 70 miles. Heavy bombers also damage a 15,000-ton transport
at the mouth of the river at Rangoon. Meanwhile, one B-25 and nine P-40s hit rail
targets at Naba.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) B-26s pound the Sanananda
Point area as preparations for the Allied offensive in that sector underway.
A-20s and B-25s hit the airfield and AA positions and buildings at Lae.
B-24s on single-plane flights, bomb the Lae Airfield and attack schooners off Gasmata and Cape Kwoi in the Bismarck Archipelago.
TUESDAY, 5 JANUARY 1943
WEDNESDAY, 6 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) Reconnaissance is flown over
Amchitka, Semichi, Agattu and Attu. Flotsam sighted
outside of Holtz Bay confirms that the freighter bombed yesterday sank. Six
B-24s, six B-25s and 12 P-38s take off to attack Kiska;
the P-38s and one B-24 turn back due to weather. The B-25s find the target
obscured and five Zekes waiting to intercept them, whereupon they turn back
without attacking. The five remaining B-24s circle Kiska without contacting enemy aircraft; one of the B-24s, exploiting a break in
the cloud cover, bombs the Kiska submarine base area which the others then bomb through the clouds.
SOUTH PACIFIC (13th AF) B-17s with P-38 and P-40
escorts attack a transport near Shortland without loss.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) B-26s pound the forces in
the Sanananda Point area; and A-20s bomb Lae
Airfield. B-17s, B-24s, B-26s and P-38s attack
a conoy heading southwest off the coast of New Britain heading for Lae. Ditched after the attack is B-24D "Cowtown's Revenge" 41-23750 (survived, two killed). A single B-24s bombs the airfield on Gasmata. Lost is B-24D Liberator 41-23773 (MIA) on a search mission. Force landed is B-26 "Shittenengitten" 40-1404.
THURSDAY, 7 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Sixth and Eleventh Air Force) Six B-25s and 12 P-38s
dispatched to Kiska turn
back due to cloud cover. Six B-24s circle over Kiska for two hours until four can bomb the submarine base. AA fire damages three
of the attackers. Negative reconnaissance is flown over Amchitka, Kiska, Agattu and Attu.
Photographs taken reveal use of smoke pots by the defenders and also suggest
construction of a fighter strip along the ridge south of Salmon Lagoon.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) In China, P-40s blast fuel storage facilities at Mangshih.
In Burma, China Air Task Force aircraft begin a series of raids, lasting through
10 Jan, during which they destroy trucks along the Burma Road, barges on the
Irrawaddy River and stores in the Bhamo area. The 493d Bombardment Squadron
(Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group moves with its B-24s from Karachi to Pandaveswar. The squadron will fly its first combat mission on 26 Jan.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Army Forces in South Pacific Area) B-17s bomb
Bougainville; they are met by twelve Zekes; two are shot down without any US
losses. B-26s with P-39 escort attack Rekata
Bay. Lost are B-26B "'Mormon Meteor" 41-17579, B-26B "Krejan" 41-17550 abandoned due to damage is B-26B 41-17588. Also lost is B-17E 41-2396 (ditched)
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) The Japanese convoy bound for Lae is again attacked by heavy, medium and light bombers
and fighters, along with Royal Australian Air Force planes, in the Solomon Sea
off Finschhafen and during its progress off the south coast of the Huon Peninsula
through Huon Gulf to Lae. Despite
the heavy air resistance, the convoy reaches its destination. Lost are B-25D "Royal Flush" 41-29708 (MIA) and B-17F 41-24383 (three crew rescued, six MIA) and B-26 "Yeah!" 40-1421 (three crew rescued). Fighters also
attack Lae Airfield. P-38 pilot Richard I. Bong claims two Oscars shot down (his third and fourth victories).
FRIDAY, 8 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) A B-24 flies photographic reconnaissance
over Amchitka. Another B-24 aborts a weather run over Kiska because of instrument trouble.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) In Burma, six P-40s bomb and strafe Watugyi and Nsopzup
and strafe other targets, Six B-25s bomb the storage area at Bhamo.
CENTRAL PACIFIC (Seventh Air Force) Crashed is B-24 with Coxwell (MIA / KIA)
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force)
Heavy, medium and light
bombers, with fighter cover join Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) aircraft in continued
pounding of the Japanese convoy as it unloads about 4,000 reinforcements at Lae. Enemy fighter cover and Allied
aircraft continue fierce aerial combat. Richard I. Bong shots down a Ki-43 Oscar,
his 5th victory making him an ace. Lost are B-17E 41-9234 (survived, two wounded), P-38F 42-12665 (MIA) and B-25C "Pistoff" 41-12830 (survived). Damaged on take off and written off is B-26 "Sea Wolf" 40-1498.
SATURDAY, 9 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA In the Aleutians, 50+ knot winds at Adak ground all missions.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) In Burma, five B-25s, with an escort of nine P-40s, bomb
Bhamo; other fighters strafe targets of opportunity in the Wanling, Bhamo and
SOUTH PACIFIC (Army Forces in South Pacific Area) 70th Bombardment Squadron
(Medium), 38th Bombardment Group (Medium) based in Fiji begins operating its
B-26s from Henderson Field.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) In New Guinea, US heavy, medium and light
bombers and fighters, along with RAAF aircraft, continue to pound the convoy
as it leaves Lae. They also hit Lae Airfield, supply
dumps and troop concentrations at Lae and Salamaua are also hit. In four days of attacks on this convoy, two transport
are sunk, several vessels are damaged and about 80 aircraft are destroyed.
USN: Lost is SO3C-1 Seagull 4871.
IJN: Sunk of Cape Esperance is I-3. Sunk off Kieta by torpedoes fired by USS Nautilus is Yoshinogawa Maru.
SUNDAY, 10 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Sixth Air Force) The 24th Fighter Squadron, 16th Fighter Group with
P-39s and P-70s transfers from Albrook Field, Canal Zone to La Joya, Panama.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) In Burma, six B-24s and B-25s jointly attack the Myitnge
bridge, knocking out a span and causing considerable damage to the entire target.
GUADALCANAL - US Army's Gen Patch XIV Corps on Guadalcanal begins offensive
to the west.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Army Forces in South Pacific Area) P-39s and
SBDs support ground forces in the Guadalcanal battle area. A strongpoint and
an ammunition dump are destroyed. B-26s attack Munda with the loss of one aircraft.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) Allied aircraft operating over the Solomon
Sea south of New Britain continue to attack vessels of the Japanese convoy that
departed Lae yesterday. Supply dumps and AA positions in the Lae area are also bombed. The 13th Bombardment Squadron (Dive), 3d Bombardment Group
(Dive) with B-25s transfers from Charters Towers to Port
Moresby. Crashed on take off B-26 "Diana's Demon" 40-1495.
USN: Sunk by depth charge attack is USS Argonaut SS-166.
MONDAY, 11 JANUARY 1943
CBI (Tenth Air Force) In Burma, fighters attack Bhamo, destroying barges, tugs,
warehouses and other port facilities. In China, the fighters also strafe fuel
drums along the road between Chefang and Mangshih and hit a truckful of soldiers
SOUTH PACIFIC (Army Forces in South Pacific Area)
B-26s and P-39s hit the Munda area.
TUESDAY, 12 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) Two B-24s cover a small U. S. Army
and U. S. Navy force landing unopposed at Amchitka. Two B-25s and four P-38 escorts
alson on the cover mission turn back due to weather. Weather reconnaissance
is flown over Attu, Agatuu, Semichi and lastly, over Kiska Harbor,
where four ships are observed.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Army Forces in South Pacific Area) B-26s, P-38s, P-39s and P-40s attack Munda with the loss of two B-26s. Other P-39s hit targets on Guadalcanal.
Lost on training flight in New Caledonia are P-39K-1 42-4393 and P-39L 42-4637. Two aircraft collided on the ground C-47 41-38667 (repaired) and C-47 "The Jayhawk" 41-18598.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) B-24s, in single-plane actions,
bomb Finschhafen and Madang.
GUADALCANAL - US is now in control of Guadalcanal and losses are totaled: over
1,700 dead and nearly 5,000 wounded. The Japanese lost aproximatly 30,000.
(Australian Army) M3 Stuart 2565 is disabled moving towards Sanananda.
WEDNESDAY, 13 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) Three bombers and four fighters
are in the air. The weather reconnaissance aircraft returns west of Kiska due to high winds. Constantine Harbor is patrolled until weather forces aircraft
to return. An attack on Kiska is cancelled.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) The Thirteenth Air Force and its subordinate
XIII Bomber Command and XIII Fighter Command are activated to assume administrative
control over all USAAF units in the South Pacific. HQ Thirteenth Air Force (Major
General Nathan F. Twinning) and HQ XIII Fighter Command (Brigadier General Dean
C. Strother) are established at Noumea, New Caledonia; HQ XIII Bomber Command
(Colonel Harlan T. McCormick) is established on Espirtu Santo, New Hebrides.
Operational control of the Thirteenth's subordinate units is exercised by the
USMC officer commanding USMC air units on Guadalcanal. In the Solomons,
P-39s strafe forces on the beach at Kokumbona and hit Visale (both on Guadalcanal)
in support of the ground offensive. Also, B-26s with P-39 and P-38 escort pound
Bay, Santa Isabel area; no aircraft are lost.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) A-20s bomb and strafe the Sanananda Point area and forces along the Sanananda
Track. Heavy and medium
bombers hit dock facilities at Lae and Lae Airfield and Salamaua Airfield.
THURSDAY, 14 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Sixth Air Force) HQ 6th Bombardment Group is transferred from
Rio Hato, Panama to Albrook Field, Canal Zone.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) In the Solomons,
P-39s, dropping improvised gasoline bombs in the Guadalcanal battle area around
Mount Austen and Kokumbona, pound forces and supplies throught the day. Other
fighters hit barges and launches at Kaimana Bay and Aruligo Point. B-17s bomb
Buka Airfield without loss.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) In New Guinea, A-20s strafe the Labu area
and small boats in Sachsen Bay. B-25s bomb the fuel dump and other supplies
along the beach in the vicinity of Voco Point near Lae.
B-24s carry out single-plane attacks on Madang and Finschhafen, and also bomb Gasmata.
USN: Lost on a night mission is SOC-1 Seagull 9911.
FRIDAY, 15 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) Eight P-38s, three
B-25s and a B-24 patrol Constantine Harbor on Amchitka, fly reconnaissance over Kiska,
where one ship is sighted, and fly negative armed reconnaissance runs over Attu, Semichi and Buldir.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) Six B-24s hit shipping in the Rangoon area,
claiming one vessel sunk and another damaged. Six P-40s bomb barges at Bhamo;
six others bomb Nsopzup; three more hit footbridges and targets of opportunity
at Taihpa Ga, Yupbang Ga, and other points in northern Burma.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) In the Solomons,
SBDs with F4F and P-39 escort attack nine destroyers of the Tokyo Express. They
are met by 12 Oscars; eight are shot down with the loss of one SBD and five US fighters. B-17s, P-38s, P-39s and P-40s attack five destroyers near Faisi;
they are met by float biplanes and 13 are shot down with no loss of USAAF aircraft.
SBDs with F4F and P-39 escort bomb a cargo ship off Munda;
they are met by 12 Zekes; seven are shot down with the loss of one US fighter.
B-17s and PBYs hit Kahili.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) A-20s strafe the Sanananda
Point area as US troops envelop pockets along the Soputa-Sanananda
bomb supply dumps at Lae; B-24s
carry out single-plane attacks on bridge construction at Wewak.
In the Bismarck Archipelago, B-24s hit the airfield on Gasmata and carry out single-plane attacks on the runway at Cape
SATURDAY, 16 JANUARY 1943
Despite being hampered by disease, US forces finally manage to subdue the Japanese
resistance in Papua. Over 60% of the US forces was incapacitated by various
illnesses, mainly malaria and dysentery.
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) Six B-24s off to hit Kiska return due to weather. A B-24 flies negative reconnaissance over Buldir,
Semichi, Attu and Agattu.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) China Air Task Force P-40s intercept Japanese
aircraft that attempt a strike on Yunnani and claim seven Zekes shot down in
the air battle. Anticipating that the Japanese planes will land at Lashio Airfield,
six B-25s and eleven fighters are sent to that field in the hope of catching
the enemy on the ground; finding no aircraft there, the B-25s and fighters attack
the town of Lashio. This is the last raid by the China Air Task Force before
a fuel shortage grounds the fighters for the remainder of January and the B-25s
for 33 days. In Burma, India Air Task Force B-25s hit Mandalay-Lashio and Sagaing-Ye-u
branch railroad lines with three strikes on 16 and 17 Jan, knocking out two
important rail hubs. Ten B-25s bomb the railroad yards at Maymyo.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) In the Solomons,
B-26s from Espiritu Santo join P-38s and P-39s in the Guadalcanal
campaign, pounding the Japanese at Tassafaronga. Munda is also bombed. B-17s bomb the Buin-Faisi area, concentrating
on Kahili Airfield and Ballale Airfield. The 17th Photographic
Reconnaissance Squadron, 4th Photographic Reconnaissance Group with P-38s and
F-5s transfers from Noumea to Henderson Field. The air echelon of
C and D Flights remain in the US. The squadron will fly its first combat mission
on 5 Feb 43 and will be redesgnated 17th Photographic Squadron on
6 Feb 43.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) A-20s pound the Soputa-Sanananda
Trail, the Kurenada area, and the area south of the Kumusi River, after which
US Army and Australian ground forces open an assault on Sanananda which falls tomorrow.
B-25s again bomb supplies at Lae.
B-24s carry out single-plane attacks on airfields at Gasmata the
town of Finschhafen, and a cruiser ESE of Cape Orford.
SUNDAY, 17 JANUARY 1943
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) P-39s pound mortar positions near Allied lines on Guadalcanal. Ground supply
lines to the Mount Austen battle area reopen after three days of being closed
because their extension outran the capacity of the native carriers. During the
three days, B-17s from Henderson Field airlift rations, water, and ammunition
to the troops, using what improvised cargo parachutes are available and in may
cases wrapping the supplies in burlap or canvas and pushing them out. The 31st
Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 5th Bombardment Group with B-17s transfers
from Bomber 1 to Guadalcanal.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) A-20s strafe Mambare River delta
and hit positions between Bakumbari and Salamaua. B-25s again pound supply stroes
at Lae. B-24s, operating individually,
attack Finschhafen and Madang wharf areas, Malahang Airfield and a vessel southeast
of Rambutyo. In the Bismarck Archipelago, B-17s bomb landing grounds and shipping
in Rabaul. B-24s,
operating individually, attack the airfield on Gasmata.
IJN - 24 G4M1 Betty bombers escorted by 20 A6M Zeros bombed Milne Bay at 12:40, dropping 230-250 x 100kg bombs over Turnbull Airfield (No 3 Strip) destroyed are B-17F "Fire Ball Mail" 41-24551, B-17F 41-24540, B-24D 41-23824, P-39D 41-38499, P-39D at Gurney. Damaged are Hudson A16-206, Hudson A16-239. Damaged are Hudson A16-154. Hudson A16-163, Hudson A16-185, Hudson A16-189, Hudson A16-200, Hudson A16-213, Hudson A16-214, Hudson A16-239, Hudson A16-244. Returning from a night mission, B-17E "Tugboat Annie" 41-2599 ditched off Buna.
RAAF - Lost is Wirraway A20-492.
MONDAY, 18 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) A B-24 on reconnaissance reports
two vessels in Kiska Harbor.
Thereupon four B-24s, four B-26s, one B-25 and six P-38s fly out of Adak.
Mechanical trouble forces two B-26s to return. The bomb run is negative.
Meanwhile bad weather closes in on Kiska and
Adak. Six aircraft are lost; one B-24 lands in a 20 mph downwind and crashes
into two P-38s while three other B-24s are missing on the return flight,
lost is B-24D 41-23908.
(Tenth Air Force) In Burma, eight P-40s and a B-25 of the India Air Task
Force attack Kamaing.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) B-17s, P-38s and P-40s attack shipping
at Shortland, bomb Ballale and attack a schooner south of Santa Isabel. Hits are scored on two
vessels. The fighter escort shoots down two Rufes with the loss of one US fighter.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) In New Guinea, B-25s bomb a motor pool
and supply dumps at Lae. B-24s operating
individually, bomb Madang Airfield and Malahang Airfield and attack a cargo ship southeast
of Rambutyo. Lost on an administrative flight is B-25C "Algernon IV" 41-12485. Crashed on landing is C-47 Dakota.
TUESDAY, 19 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) In the Aleutians, the crew of one of the three
B-24s missing yesterday, which had crashlanded at Great Sitkin , is picked up
by a Navy tender. Weather prevents missions and searches.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) Two flights of India Air Task Force B-24s depart Pandaveswar for raids on Burma and Thailand. In Burma, one flight of B-24s bombs Thazi,
a railroad junction south of Mandalay while 14 P-40s and a B-25 pound Kamaing.
In Thailand, the second flight of B-24s carries out photographic reconnaissance
of Kanchanaburi and bombs the docks at Bassein during the return trip. This
reconnaissance flight, the largest mission in the CBI Theater to date, reveals
construction of a new railline from Thailand to Burma.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) B-17s, escorted by P-38s and P-40s, bomb the runway and revetments at Munda Airfield. The 394th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 5th Bombardment Group
that has been operating from Guadalcanal with B-17s since 3
Jan returns to their base on Fiji.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) In New Guinea, A-20s strafe troops in the
Kurenada area; B-25s hit barracks area and supply dumps at Toeal and pound supply
dumps at Lae. Heavy bombers carry
out individual attacks on various targets at Lae, Madang, Cape Hollman, Cape Saint George, Finschhafen and Gasmata.
WEDNESDAY, 20 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) In the Aleutians, the weather aircraft aborts shortly
after takeoff. A B-24 and a Navy PBY search without results for the two B-24s
missing since Monday.
CENTRAL PACIFIC (Seventh Air Force) The 371st Bombardment Squadron (Heavy),
307th Bombardment Group with B-24s and based at Wheeler Field begins operating from Midway.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) The 75th Fighter Squadron, 23d Fighter Group with P-40s
transfers from Chanyi to Yunnani.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) B-26s claim a hit on a destroyer off
southern Bougainville . B-17s with fighter escort attack ships near Shortland without scoring hits. They are met by Zekes and float biplanes; eight are shot
down with the loss of one US fighter. The advance grund echelon of the 18th
Photographic Mapping Squadron, 4th Photographic Group arrives at Dumbea, New
Caledonia from the US. THe bulk of the air echelon is still in the US.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) In New Guinea, B-25s bomb supply dumps
at Lae and targets on Aroe. B-24s, operating singly, attack Madang and Finschhafen.
B-24s, operating singly, attack Cape Gloucester and Gasmata.
Lost on a patrol mission near Wewak is B-24D 41-24101, intercepting A6M2 Zero ditches into Wewak Harbor. The 64th and 65th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy)
with B-17s transfers from Mareeba to 7-Mile Drome.
IJN: 6-9 G4M1 Betty bombers bomb Turnbull Airfield. Destroyed on the ground is previously damaged Hudson A16-239.
THURSDAY, 21 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) A weather reconnaissance aircraft
flies over the Aleutians. An attack run over Kiska and a patrol over Amchitka are call off due to weather. Air searches for the
two B-24s missing since Monday continue. B-17E 41-2586 collided midair with B-17E 41-9094.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) In the Solomons,
B-17s, B-26s and P-39s pound a bivouac and other targets in Munda,
New Georgia . B-17s also attack shipping east of Kieta. HQ Thirteenth
Air Force transfers from Noumea, New Caledonia to Espiritu Santo.
(Sixth Air Force) Crashed during a pre-dawn take off is B-17E 41-2411, crew unhurt.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) In the Bismarck Archipelago, B-17s bomb
the airfield and shipping in Rabaul.
In northeastern New Guinea, B-25s hit supply dumps and airfields. A single B-24 attacks a cruiser in Amboinea Harbor.
The 403d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group with
B-17s and B-24s transfers from Turnbull Field to Mareeba. The squadron will begin transitioning from B-17s to B-24s.
USMC: Lost is SBD-4 06796 (MIA).
Pan Am: Crashed is "Philippine Clipper" NC14715.
FRIDAY, 22 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) A weather reconnaissance aircraft
finds Kiska closed in and flies
a negative search for the two B-24s missing since Monday. For the first time
the weather aircraft draws AA fire through the overcast at Kiska,
suggesting that the Japanese have fire-control radar.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) In Burma, nine India Air Task Force P-40s bomb and strafe
Nsopzup and hit targets of opportunity south of the town.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) B-17s bomb Rekata
Bay on Santa Isabel
without loss. HQ XIII Fighter Command and HQ 4th Photographic Group transfer
from Noumea, New Caledonia to Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) B-24s bomb
Simpson Harbor shipping and searchlights at Rabaul. In the Dutch East Indies, B-24s attack a vessel off Amoina, Ambon. B-25s bomb the Lae area. A-20s strafe small boats in Baden Bay and at Woiba. Lost is B-24D piloted by Regan. On this date
the Papua Campaign ends with the collapse of organized resistance on the Sanananda front. The 39th Troop Carrier Squadron, 317th Transport Group with C-47s arrives
at Garbutt, Queensland, Australia from the US.
SATURDAY, 23 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) Weather reconnaissance over Kiska and a search mission for the two B-24s missing since Monday reveal nothing.
Enemy aircraft appear over Amchitka twice but inflict no damage. Durint the
period of 18 to 23 Jan, a period of continuous storms and sudden changes to
extreme foul weather, non-combat losses are exceptionally high as 13 aircraft
are lost; no losses result from enemy action.
CENTRAL PACIFIC (Seventh Air Force) 24 P-40Ks of the 78th Fighter Squadron,
18th Fighter Group, escorted by three LB-30s, fly from Barking Sands to Midway. This flight of about 1,100 nautical miles is the longest
over-water massed flight of single-engine aircraft made as of this date. The
78th has been dispatched to Midway to replace the 73rd Fighter Squadron which
has been on the since 17 Jun 42.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) US ground forces, aided by P-39s and USMC
fighter-bombers, have by this date pushed up the Guadalcanal coast and take
Kokumbona and Poha. The enemy has now lost control of a good
landing beach west of the airfields; captured with the beach are the artillery
pieces that have menaced Henderson Field and the ground forces in the Mount
Austen area. The enemy's supply routes, communications systems and ammunition
dumps are also lost.
GUADALCANAL - US Army XIV Corps advances westward and captures Kokumbona on Guadalcanal.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) B-17s attack
the airfields at Rabaul and shipping off Cape Gazelle. B-24s, operating individually, attack transports
north of Rabaul and at Simpson
Harbor, Rabaul. B-25s pound supply dumps in the terrace area of Lae.
B-24s, operating individually, hit Madang and Finschhafen. HQ 317th Troop Carrier
Group and its subordinate 40th, 41st and 46th Troop Carrier Squadrons with C-47s
arrive at Garbutt Field from the US. The 63d Bombardment
Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group with B-17s transfers from Mareeba to 7-Mile Drome.
MONDAY, 24 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) Six heavy bombers and six medium
bombers attempt an attack on Kiska. The medium bombers abort over Semiscopochnol. The heavy bombers circle Kiska until the weather closes in. Two Japanese aircraft bomb Constantine Harbor on Amchitka before six P-38s, and one B-24 arrive. Two P-38s return
due to mechanical troubles; the others fly a negative search over Kiska.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) The 492d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment
Group (Heavy), not previously tried in battle, borrows four B-24s and one crew
from the 436th Bombardment Squadron and mounts a nine-plane strike docks
at Rangoon. Hits are scored on the wharves, storage areas and a 6,000-ton
vessel in the harbor. P-40s bomb and strafe ammunition stores at Shaduzup, Burma.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) B-17s bomb
the airfield, harbor and shipping at Rabaul. Single B-24s attack runways at Cape Gloucester and Gasmata. In New Guinea, B-25s
hit supply dumps in the terrace area of Lae.
B-24s bomb Dili. The 22d Troop Carrier Squadron, 374th
Troop Carrier Group with C-47s transfers from Garbutt Field to 5-Mile Drome (Wards Drome).
USN - USS Wahoo SS-238 damages Harusame off Kairiru.
RABAUL - Japanese transports begin to gather at Rabaul in preparation for the
Japanese evacuation Japanese troops on Guadalcanal.
MONDAY, 25 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) P-38s are dispatched too late
to engage two floatplanes bombing Amchitka. A reconnaissance is flown over Kiska,
Buldir, Semichi, Attu and Agattu.
One B-24 and two P-38s fly two patrol missions over Amchitka. An attack mission
to Kiska is turned back by weather.
B-25s unsuccessfully search for missing aircraft.
CENTRAL PACIFIC (Seventh Air Force) Six B-24s carry out a photographic reconnaissance
missions over Wake and drop 60 bombs. They claim one fighter shot down.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) In Burma, five B-25s of the India Air Task Force bomb
the bridge (which the enemy is striving to rebuild) at Myitnge. The southern
approach to the bridge is destroyed and repair work on the bridge suspended.
Three B-25s add to the destruction at the Mandalay Marshaling Yard, tearing
up tracks, wrecking about 75 railroad cars, and setting the freight house aflame.
Three other B-25s inflict similar damage on the marshaling yard at Naba. Six
B-24s pound the Rangoon dock area.
IJN: Nine G4M1 Betty with Zeros from 582 Kokutai performing ground attack with escorting Zeros from 252 Kokutai and 204 Kokutai attack Guadalcanal. Lost is A6M2 Zero Tail 114x.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) The final phase of the Guadalcanal offensive begins with orders to begin pursuit
of the enemy along the northwestern coast toward Cape Esperance. The enemy retreat
is to be cut off by the landing of a US battalion just southwest of Cape Esperence.
B-26s and P-38s hit Munda Airfield and bomb the wharf at Repirepi, demolishing it. Other P-38s bomb
installations in the Rekata
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) A-20s strafe areas in northeastern
Papua where there appears to be some enemy movement. B-25s blast supply dumps
and AA and machine gun positions around Lae.
Single B-24s attack a beached ship at Finschhafen. Single B-24s attack runways on Gasmata and at Cape Gloucester.
TUESDAY, 26 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) In the Aleutians, all missions are cancelled due
to weather. Two Japanese aircraft strafe Constantine Harbor on Amchitka.
CENTRAL PACIFIC (Seventh Air Force) Three B-24s, taking off
from Funafuti fly a photographic reconnaissance missions over Tarawa, Maiana, Abemama, Beru and Tomama. The heavy bombers attack merchant
vessels in the lagoon at Tarawa. Not to be outdone by the 78th Fighter Squadron,
P-40Es of the 73d Fighter Squadron, 318th Fighter Group, escorted by three LB-30s,
fly from Midway to NAS Kaneohe, a distance of roughly 1,100
nautical miles. The 73d had been dispatched to Midway immediately after the
Battle of Midway and had been flown off the deck of the USS Saratoga, the first
land based fighters to take off from the deck of an aircraft carrier. The 371st
Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 307th Bombardment Group with B-24s ceases
operating from Midway and returns to its base at Wheeler Field.
CBI (Tenth Air Force) Seven B-24s bomb shipping and the dock area
at Rangoon; Twelve B-25s bomb Mandalay marshaling yards. Three B-25s and 15 P-40s
hit the town area and bridge at Shaduzup, the railroad west of Meza and the
Neba Marshaling Yard.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) B-17s bomb
shipping and the Rapopo Airfield near Rabaul. B-24s carry out individual attacks on the runways at Cape
Gloucester and Gasmata.
A-20s and B-25s pound the Lae area, concentrating on supply storage dumps. B-24s carry out individual attacks
on Finschhafen. Crashed on take off is A-20A "Spook" 40-109 (pilot KIA).
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) Two Airacobras escort B-17s bombing Ballale. Afterwards, the Airacobras attack H6K Mavis piloted by Kira off Choisel Island and are intercepted by six A6M Zeros. Shot down is P-39 piloted by McKulla (survived).
WEDNESDAY, 27 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) A negative weather reconnaissance
sortie is flown over Kiska.
Four P-38s fly protective patrol over Amchitka. Upon their departure, three
Japanese aircraft appear and unsuccessfully bomb shipping but cause three casualties.
JAAF: A total of 74 Japanese aircraft attack Guadalcanal, the only mission flown by the Japanese Army Air Force (JAAF) against Guadalcanal. The Japanese formation includes nine Ki-48 Lilys from the 45th Sentai that took off from Munda Airfield escorted by Ki-43-I Oscars from the 1st Sentai and 11th Sentai. Over Guadalcanal, the Japanese formation is intercepted by P-40 Warhawks from the 44th Fighter Squadron and 68th Fighter Squadron. During the air combat, seven Oscars are shot down over Kokumbona to Cape Esperence. Returning, five damaged Ki-43-I Oscars land at Ballale Airfield. The Americans loose seven aircraft including: two P-38s,
two P-40s plus two P-40s damaged beyond repair and one F4F likely from VMF-112 ditched due
to lack of fuel returning from the mission.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) B-17E 41-2403 ditches south of Guadalcanal. Passengers included Brigadier General Nathan F. Twining, Commanding
General Thirteenth Air Force and a crew of 14 are down at sea between Guadalcanal
and Espiritu Santo. The entire group is rescued six days later. General Twining's
raft had no radio, an item which Lieutenant General Millard F Harmon, Commanding
General of US Army Forces in the South Pacific, had been requesting for some
time. This incident results in the rapid appearance of dinghy radio sets in
the area. Six B-26s and eight P-39s attack Munda Airfield.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) A-20s hit huts and AA positions
at Garrison Hill while B-25s pound the supply storage and Malahang Airfield.
Individual B-24s bomb Finschhafen town
and the runway at Finchhafen Airfield (Prewar Airfield). Individual B-24s bomb Gasmata Airfield.
THURSDAY, 28 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) A weather aircraft encounters
poor visibility over Kiska.
Two patrols fly over Amchitka. The second runs into poor weather and aborts.
An attack on Kiska is cancelled
due to weather.
CENTRAL PACIFIC (Seventh Air Force) One B-24 flies photographic reconnaissance
over Nauru and Ocean.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) Five B-26s and 12 P-39s
attack Vila Airfield. P-38s and P-40s, along with Navy
aircraft, hit shipping between Choiseul and Kolombangara, claiming hits on
a tanker and a smaller vessel.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) In New Guinea, A-20s bomb the area from
Garrison Hill to Komiatum Track and B-17s hit the Wewak area. B-24s carry out individual attacks at Salamaua. In the Bismarck Archipelago,
B-24s carry out individual attacks on a cargo vessel in Open Bay and a nearby
village. In the Dutch East Indies, B-24s in individual attacks
bomb a transport off Amboina and Ambon. HQ 3d Bombardment Group (Dive) and its
8th Bombardment Squadron (Dive) with A-20s and 90th Bombardment Squadron (Dive)
with B-25s transfer from Charters Towers to Port Moresby.
FRIDAY, 29 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) Weather reconnaissance over Kiska and a patrol over Rat, flown by one B-24, two B-25s and four P-38s, are recalled
early due to weather. All other missions are cancelled.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) B-26s and P-39s hit a bivouac area at Vila, and the airfield at Munda.
B-17s bomb Kahili Airfield. The 67th Fighter Squadron, 347th
Fighter Group based in New Caledonia with P-39s begins operating from Guadalcanal.
This squadron will continue to operate from Guadalcanal until June 1943.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) B-25s pound the area around Mubo, concentrating on positions on Garrison and Mat Mat Hill. Single B-24s bomb runways at Cape Gloucester and Gasmata
USN - Night of 29 - 30 two escort carriers participate in the Battle of Rennell Island, damaged is USS Chicago.
Guadalcanal - That night the Japanese submarine I-1 is sunk by HMNZS Kiwi and HMNZS Moa
near Kamimbo Bay.
SATURDAY, 30 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) Two patrols, each composed of
one B-25 and four P-38s, fly over Amchitka and are recalled early due to weather.
One B-17 upon an alleged submarine sighting, drops four depth charges and one
bomb whereupon a whale breaks water. Weather cancels other missions.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force) Munda Airfield and AA positions are pounded by B-17s, B-26s, P-39s and P-40s.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) B-17s bomb
shipping and wharf facilities at Rabaul. B-24s, operating individually, bomb the runway at Gasmata Airfield and attack a transport vessel in Open Bay. A-20s strafe and bomb Lae and the area around Mubo in the
vicinity of Garrison Hill and along the Komiatum Track.
USN - USS Chicago damged yesterday during the Battle of Rennell Island is attacked while being towed clear of the combat zone, and sunk. Lost is F4F Wildcat 11758.
MONDAY, 31 JANUARY 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force) A weather and photographic reconnaissance
aircraft flies twice over Kiska. During the first mission near Attu, the aircraft is jumped by 6 fighters which it eludes. Four B-17s, 2 B-24s,
6 B-25s, 4 P-38s and 4 P-40s then attempt an attack on Kiska;
P-40s turn back with mechanical troubles; the other aircraft find Kiska closed in and abort the mission. Two patrol missions, each by one B-25 and four P-38s,
fly over Amchitka; two enemy floatplanes bomb Constantine Harbor on Amchitka without results.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force & USN) P-39s join SBD Dauntless and F4F Wildcats of VMF-112 in attacks on shipping in the Vella Gulf; hits are
claimed on a destroyer. Sunk is Toa Maru 2. Lost are F4F "Impatient Virgin" 03520 (1st Lt. Jefferson
J. De Blanc later earns Medal of Honor for this mission, rescued) and are F4F 11983 (Feliton, rescued). B-17s bomb the ammunition dump and airfield at Vila.
P-39s, P-38s and P-40s, and other Allied fighters, carry out
sweeps over Vila and Munda.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force) A-20s continue to pound
positions between Mubo and Komiatum. A lone B-17 bombs the runway at Wewak.
B-17s pound airfields, shipping and the town area
at Rabaul while a
single B-24 bombs the runway at Cape Gloucester. B-24s unsuccessfully
attack isolated vessels over widespread areas in the Banda Sea and Solomon Sea.