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August 1942
Today in World War II Pacific History
Day by day chronology

SATURDAY, 1 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th Air Force): Weather and photo reconnaissance is flown by one B-24 and one LB-30 over Korovin Bay and North Cape in the Aleutians.

A J4F Widgeon piloted by Ensign Henry C. White of Coast Guard Squadron 212, based at Houma, Louisiana scored the first U. S. Coast Guard (USCG) kill of an enemy submarine sinking U-166 off the passes of the Mississippi River.

WESTERN DEFENSE COMMAND (WDC, 4th Air Force): During Aug, 47th Bombardment Squadron and 396th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 41st Bombardment Group (Medium), stop flying ASW patrols from Hammer Field, California and MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina respectively.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA (SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): During August 1942, forward echelon of 26th Bombardment Squadron and 431st Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy) begin operating from Bomber 1 with B-17s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-17s attack installations at Gona and shipping 75 miles east of Salamaua in Huon Gulf. HQ 43d Bombardment Group moves from Sydney to Torrens Creek.

SUNDAY, 2 AUGUST 1942

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS [CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF)]: In China, a detachment of 11th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy), based at Kunming with B-25s, begins operating from Nanning.

SWPA (5th AF): A of a flight of B-17s searching for a convoy near Buna is attacked by ten Zeros. Lost is B-17E 41-2435. 41st Fighter Squadron Airacobras escort 22nd Bombardment Group B-26s on a mission against Cape Ward Hunt and shoot down J1N1-C piloted by Tokunaga. Over the target, intercepted by eight A6M2 Zeros of the Tainan Kōkūtai. Lost are P-400 AP 290 (MIA) and P-400 BX 232 (MIA). A single B-17 flies an unsuccessful strike against a cargo vessel 5 miles south of Salamaua while another bombs Gona. 64th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Daly Waters to Fenton with B-17s; first mission is 13 Aug.

USN: USS Tucker (DD-374) is damaged after hitting an American sea mine in Segond Channel.

MONDAY, 3 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): 3 B-17s, 2 B-24s and 1 LB-30 fly a bombing and photo reconnaissance mission to Tanaga and Kanaga and also bomb Kiska; four of the aircraft have mechanical trouble but all return.

SWPA (5th AF): P-400's strafe Oivi and Kokoda. 63d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Charleville to Torrens Creek with B-17s; first mission is 14 Aug.

TUESDAY, 4 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): One LB-30 flies a photo mission and two B-17s with three B-24s escorted by eight P-38's escort US Navy (USN) tenders to Nazan Bay off Atka; Two 4-engine flyingboats and a possible third are downed near Atka by two of the P-38's, in their first aerial combat in any theater; weather cancels bombing mission to Kiska.

CBI (CATF): P-40's sweep Japanese HQ at Linchwan and bomb HQ buildings and barracks and strafe transports.

(5th AF) Lost due to mechanical is P-39D 41-7165

IJN: Lost is C5M2 Babs.

USN: Damaged USS Tucker sinks off Malo Island in Segond Channel.

WEDNESDAY, 5 AUGUST 1942

CBI (CATF): Japanese aircraft attack Kweilin Airfield; notified well in advance by the Chinese warning net (previously set up under Brigadier General Claire L Chennault while he was head of the American Volunteer Group (AVG), P-40s meet the Japanese over the target, shooting down 2, and another is downed by ground fire.

SOLOMONS - USN attack beached Japanese transports and supply dumps on Guadalcanal; destroyed a concentration of seaplanes at Rekata Bay.

RAAF: Lost in near the peak of Mount Disappointment is Beaufighter A19-12.

THURSDAY, 6 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): Three B-24s, two B-17s escorted by ten P-38s provide air coverage for USN tenders to Nazan Bay off Atka. Also a photo reconnaissance is conducted over Attu.

CBI (CATF): B-25s bomb Tien Ho Airfield causing heavy damage to the runways and destroying several parked aircraft. Detachment of 11th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy), operating from Nanning with B-25s returns to base at Kunming.

SWPA (5th AF): B-25s and B-26s from the 22nd Bombardment Group bomb Lae Airfield and Salamaua Airfield.

USN - PBY Catalina 2389 went missing, all aboard died in the crash.

FRIDAY, 7 AUGUST 1942

SATURDAY, 8 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): 1 LB-30, 3 B-24s and 8 P-38s on photo and bombing missions over Kiska cannot attack but Navy PBYs also operating off Kiska hit freighters and a transport, claiming 1 transport sinking, and score many hits on North Head and Main Camp.

CBI (CATF): B-25s hit the Canton area, bombing Tien Ho Airfield and other targets in the vicinity and claiming two interceptors shot down.

Guadalcanal - From this date through 23 Aug, B-17s fly search missions covering the lower Solomon in order to detect any attempt to make a surprise attack on the forces consolidating the Guadalcanal beachhead. The first premeditated Kamikaze attack is delivered by two Aichi VA1 dive bombers off Guadalcanal. An American troop transport is destroyed.

USMC: On Guadalancal, repairs begin on Lunga Point Airfield (renamed Henderson Field) to put it into American usage.

USN: Just before noon, the formation of twenty-three G4M1 Betty bombers attacked from minimum altitude and eight were shot down due to anti-aircracft fire and others were interepted by F4F WIldcats only a few managed to release their torpedoes. In total, seventeen were shot down including G4M1 Betty piloted by Sasaki that crashed into the USS George F. Elliott (AP-13).

During the night of August 8-9th is the Battle of Savo Island. Lost are HMAS Canberra, USS Astoria, USS Quincy.

SWPA (5th AF): P-400s dive-bomb Kokoda and Yodda; B-17s, B-25s and B-26s bomb Lae Airfield and targets of opportunity at Lae and Salamaua.

RAAF: Lost off Daru is Short S23 "Calypso" A18-11 attempting to rescue survivors of MV Mamutu

SUNDAY, 9 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): Six bombers fly armed reconnaissance over Kiska and Attu and bomb Kiska.

CBI (CATF): In China, P-40s of the 23d Fighter Group continue to support Chinese ground forces by harassing the Japanese at Linchwan; 4 B-25s and 3 P-40s from the Kweilin-Hengyang area, staging through Nanning, bomb docks and warehouses at Haiphong, causing considerable damage and claiming a freighter sunk in Haiphong Harbor; this is the first CATF raid over French Indochina.

SWPA (5th AF): B-17s bomb shipping and Lakunai Airfield and Gasmata. Lost are B-17E 41-2643 and B-17E 41-2452. B-26s hit the harbor area at Salamaua.

Guadalcanal - US Carrier forces withdrew from direct support but remained in the area to give overall support to the campaign. 9 Vincennes is sunk.

MONDAY, 10 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): Five B-17s and three B-24s bomb Kiska targets; fighters and AA shoot down one B-24 and only the pilot is rescued.

Guadalcanal - Kako is sunk off New Ireland by US submarine

CBI (CATF): B-25s bomb Hankow; afterwards the P-40 escorts, led by Colonel Robert L Scott, strike ammunition dumps and military warehouses at Sienning, causing heavy destruction of material which the Japanese have accumulated to use against Hengyang and other US bases in central China.

TUESDAY, 11 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): One B-24 flies photo reconnaissance over west Semichi and the north coast of Attu.

CBI (CATF): P-40s hit Yoyang Airfield and Nanchang Airfield from which the enemy has been attacking Hengyang.

SOPAC (Joint Chiefs of Staff): 98th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Hickam Field to Espiritu Santo they have been operating B-17s from Plaine Des Gaiacs since 21 July.

RAAF: Six A6M Zeros attacking Milne Bay are intercepted by 22 P-40s from 75 Squadron and 76 Squadron and are targeted by anti-aircraft fire. The Japanese lost four Zeros. The RAAF lost four pilots and planes including P-40E Kittyhawk A29-123 pilot F/O Mark Sheldon (KIA) and P-40E Kittyhawk A29-100 piloted by W/O Shelley (MIA), P-40E Kittyhawk A29-93 piloted F/O Albert McLeod (KIA) and P-40E Kittyhawk A29-84 pilot F/Sgt Geoge Inkster (KIA).

WEDNESDAY, 12 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): A B-24 flies photo reconnaissance over Amlia and Atka.

SWPA (5th AF): B-17s bomb shipping Simpson Harbor claiming hits damaging three vessels. Five Allied transport aircraft tasked with dropping supplies to Allied troops at Kagi, Kokoda and Wau.

71st Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 38th Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Batchelor Field to Breddan Field, Australia with B-25s; first mission is 15 Sep.

Vanuatu - Americans build additional bases in New Hebrides to support Guadalcanal.

THURSDAY, 13 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): A B-24 flies photo reconnaissance over Kiska.

SWPA (5th AF): A Japanese convoy, headed toward Basabua near Gona, with 3,000 construction troops, is attacked first by B-17s 76 miles NE of Gona, followed by B-26s 20-25 miles north of Gona and another B-17 attack as the convoy approaches landing position. Lost are B-26 40-1492 (crew WIA, one MIA) and F4 Lightning 41-2125 (pilot WIA, died)

IJA: Japanese ground forces attack at Deniki, the next morning the defending Australians withdraw the next morning sending a final message "We have done our best".

FRIDAY, 14 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): A B-24 trying to fly photo reconnaissance over Tanaga and Adak aborts over Kiska due to weather.

SWPA (5th AF): B-17s attack shipping off Gona. Lost on a recon mission is B-17E "Chief Seattle" 41-2656.



SATURDAY, 15 AUGUST 1942

SWPA (5th AF): 65th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Williamstown to Torrens Creek with B-17s; first mission is 12 Nov.

USMC: The 1st Marines, 7th Division lands including the 28th Infantry Regiment, detached and 7th Engineer Regiment, detached.

 

SUNDAY, 16 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): A B-24 aborts a photo reconnaissance flight over Adak due to mechanical failure. Lost is B-26 40-1370 (crew survived, KIA).

WDC (4th AF): 82d Observation Squadron and 110th Observation Squadron, 71st Observation Group, stop flying ASW patrols from Salinas AAB, California.

5th AF: Lost is B-17E 41-2434 (MIA).



MONDAY, 17 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): A B-24 flies photo reconnaissance over Buldir, Kiska and Amchitka despite heavy rain.

CBI (CATF): The 16th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, from Kunming to Chungking with P-40s; 75th Fighter Squadron, 23d Fighter Group, from Hengyang to Chanyi with P-40s.

USN - U.S. air raids on Japanese at Gilbert.

SWPA (5th AF): A single B-17 bombs Kavieng. Japanese bomb 7-Mile Drome and destroys several aircraft on the ground including: DC-5 Tail Code VH-CXA. Damaged are C-49 Dakota 44-83228.

IJN: Japanese bombing raid against Port Moresby. Lost is A6M2 pilot Tokushige (MIA).



TUESDAY, 18 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): A B-24 takes oblique photos of Amchitka and Tanaga; Heavy fog over Kiska and Attu precludes armed reconnaissance.

CBI 10th AF: Major General Clayton L Bissell becomes Commanding General 10th Air Force, relieving Brigadier General Earl L Naiden who now devotes full time to command of India-China Ferry Command under the 10th Air Force

USMC - Carlson's Raiders land on Makin, for a raid to divert Japanese reinforcements to the Guadalcanal area. After killing 83 Japanese and destroying installations, ships and flying boats, the Marines were evacuated and forced to leave behind their dead, which were later buried by the islanders and Japanese in a mass grave.

CATF: 76th Fighter Squadron, 23d Fighter Group, moves from Kweilin to Kunming with P-40s.

SWPA (5th AF): For a second consecutive day a single B-17 attacks Kavieng Airfield; bombs fall in the airfield dispersal area.

Japan - General Horii arrives at Buna.



WEDNESDAY, 19 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): Mechanical failure prevents a B-24 from flying reconnaissance over Tanaga.

SWPA (5th AF): B-17s bomb shipping off Faisi.



THURSDAY, 20 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): A B-24 flies photo reconnaissance over Kiska; a patrol is flown over Shumagin.

WDC (4th AF): 25th Observation Squadron, 71st Observation Group, stops flying ASW patrols from Salinas AAB, California.

SWPA (5th AF): 63d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Torrens Creek to Mareeba with B-17s. LB-30 Liberator AL-818 force lands at No 1. Strip (Gurney).

Guadalcanal - Henderson Field goes into operation after being captured from the Japanese, and completed by US forces. By this date, there are 10,000 American, 3,600 Japanese troops on the island. First fighter aircraft arrive on Henderson Field, Guadalcanal. Marine Fighter Squadron 223 and Scout Bombing Squadron 232, delivered by the escort carrier Long , initiated operations from Henderson Field on Guadalcanal (20 Aug) and were joined within a week by AAF fighter elements and dive bombers from the Enterprise, and by other elements as the campaign progressed. Until the was secure (February 9, 1943), these forces flew interceptor patrols, offensive missions against shipping, and close air support for the Marines and for Army troops relieving them (13 Oct). Marine air units carrying the major air support burden accounted for 427 enemy claimed during the campaign.



FRIDAY, 21 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): A B-24 reconnaissance over Kiska aborts due to weather.

Guadalcanal - Battle of the Tenaru (Ilu River).

 

SATURDAY, 22 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): A photo reconnaissance mission over Kiska is aborted due to overcast.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA, 7th Air Force): First AAF aircraft, Five P-400s of the 67th Fighter Squadron, 58th Fighter Group, based on New Caledonia arrive at Henderson Field, the first U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF) aircrat on Guadalcanal joining U. S, Marine Corps (USMC) aircraft which arrived earlier; these P-400s operate under control of Marine Aircraft Wing One (MAW-1) prove no match for Japanese Zekes or bombers at high altitudes.

SWPA (5th AF): B-17s bomb Lae Airfield and Lakunai Airfield.

Buna - 11,430 Japanese troops at Buna.

IJN - A6M3 Zeros from the Tainan Kokutai led by Lt. Jôji Yamashita made seven sorties over Rabi (Milne Bay) and seven cover sorties over friendly positions at Basabua. A6M3 Zeros of the 2nd Kokutai led by Lt. Yoshiô Kurakane made seven sorties over Rabi (Milne Bay) and five over Basabua.

Guadalcanal - U. S. Marines defeat the first major Japanese attack on Guadalcanal during the Battle of the Tenaru.

USN: Sunk is USS Blue (DD-387).

 

SUNDAY, 23 AUGUST 1942

POA (7th AF): 333d Fighter Squadron, 18th Fighter Group, is activated at Bellows Field equipped with P-39s.

SWPA (5th AF): A single B-17 bombs Buka.

IJN: 27 G4M1 Betty bombers escorted by 12-15 A6M2 Zero fighters bomb Hughes Field south of Darwin after noon. Destroyed on the ground at Hughes Field was Wirraway A20-599 and Buffalo A51-6 both from the newly arrived No 1 Photo Reconnaissance Unit (PRU). Fuel and ammunition dumps were also hit, 250 drums of aviation fuel destroyed and the runway cratered. The Japanese formation was intercepted by P-40 Warkhawks from the 49th Fighter Group that claimed four bombers destroyed along with eight fighters, for the loss of just one aircraft. Although General MacArthur was prompted to signal to his air commander, Major General Kenney, his ‘heartiest felicitations’ at the stout defense mounted, this was actually the last occasion on when American P-40s intercepted a Japanese air raid. Meanwhile over New Guinea, 16 A6M3 perform a fighter sweep over Milne Bay.

USN - Lost on take off is PBY Catalina 23-P-11.

 

MONDAY 24 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): 404th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 28th Composite Group, begins to operate from Umnak with B-24s. A photo reconnaissance sortie is cancelled due to overcast.

USN: During the Battle of the Eastern Solomons, seven B-17s and USN dive and torpedo bombers from USS Enterprise (CV-6) and USS Saratoga (CV-3) attack a task force covering a transport formation heading for Guadalcanal; USN aircraft sink the Japanese aircraft carrier Ryujo; during the night four Japanese warships shell the airstrip on Guadalcanal. Lost are TBF Avenger 00418 (MIA), TBF Avenger piloted by Taurman (rescued), TBF Avenger piloted by Fayle (rescued).

USMC: Lost intercepting Ryujo aircraft attacking Guadalcanal are F4F 02095 (MIA) and F4F 02084 (MIA).

IJN: Ryujo launches aircraft against against Guadalcanal. Six Ryujo Zeros escort Vals. In the ensuing fight over Guadalcanal, the Japanese lost four Aichi D3A Val dive bombers and three Zeros. VMF-212 and VMF-223 suffered three aircraft shot down of the 10 that rose from Henderson Field on Guadalcanal to do battle. In the meantime, Ryujo, left with only seven fighters to protect itself, was sunk in an attack by 30 SBDs and six TBF Avenger from Enterprise and Saratoga. The surviving planes of the Ryujo were diverted to Rabaul. Lost is D3A piloted by Hikiune. The USS Enterprise was hit by carrier-based bombers and forced to retire.

Meanwhile, fourteen G4M1 Betty bombers (7 from Kisarazu Kokutai and 7 from 4th Kokutai) take off from Rabaul on a bombing mission against Milne Bay. On the ground they destroy LB-30 Liberator AL-818 that force landed two days earlier. Eight D3A2 Val from the 2nd Kû Bomber Buntaï led by Lt Fumitô Inoue land at Buna Airfield.

SWPA (5th AF): B-17s hit Gasmata and airfields at Rabaul. Japanese amphibious forces leave Buna in barges and New Ireland in transports, heading for Milne Bay; the barges are detected by an Australian coastwatcher during the afternoon.

TUESDAY, 25 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): A photo reconnaissance mission is flown over Kiska, Attu and Adak, then turns back because of mechanical failure.

USN - Lost is PBY 04469 (MIA).

Battle of the Eastern Solomons: U. S. Navy and U. S. Marine Corps aircraft attack Japanese transports carrying reinforcements to Guadalcanal and force them to turn back. At 8:35am, the convoy is hit by dive bombers 125 miles away damaging Kinryu Maru. Meanwhile, USAAF B-17s from Espiritu Santo score a bomb hit that sinks Mutsuki. By noon, the remaining force withdraws northward.

SWPA (5th AF): Japanese amphibious forces bound for Milne Bay from Buna are stranded on Goodenough when P-40s from Milne Bay destroy all of their beached barges. P-40s also attack a convoy proceeding from New Ireland toward Milne Bay but are hampered by bad weather and fail to halt landings at three points east of Rabi during the night of 25/26 Aug. 3rd BG B-25 attempt to bomb Japanese shipping at Milne Bay, but fail to locate them due to bad weather. Lost is B-25C "Boomerang" 41-12499 (MIA). Also, P-400s hit the Buna Airfield and destroy on the ground four A6M3 Zeros and a G6M1 Betty. They also hit AA positions at Buna.

WEDNESDAY, 26 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): A photo mission over Atka is aborted due to bad weather.

CBI (CATF): B-25s which have moved temporarily from Central China to Yunnani, bomb Lashio, an important rail center, highway junction and Lashio Airfield; covering P-40s strafe numerous targets of opportunity and shoot down at least 2 Japanese fighters.

SWPA (5th AF): At 4:00am, eight B-17s from the 19th BG, 98th BS took off from Mareeba Airfield on a bombing mission aganinst a Japanese convoy off Milne Bay. Weather inbound to the target was horrible with a ceiling of only 2,000' or less. Between 6:30am to 7:45am, the formation bombed from roughly 1,500' and experienced accurate anti-aircraft fire from the ships, damaging several of the bombers. Over the target, B-17F 41-24354 was lost. Returning from the mission, B-17E "The Daylight Ltd" 41-2621 crash landing at Mareeba Airfield.

P-40s, B-25s and B-26s plus RAAF Hudsons, pound Japanese forces in Milne Bay; a large transport is damaged and most of the supplies on the beachheads east of Rabi are destroyed.

P-400s strafe Buna Airfield and caught japanese fighters while they were taking off and destroyed (shot down) 6 A6M3 (3 from 2nd Kû and 3 from Tainan Kû), killing 3 pilots of 2nd Kû (PO/1 Kiichi Iwase, PO/3 Daïzô Ihara and PO/3 Kiyochi Nakano). Lost is P-400 BW112.

RAAF - Ditched due to bad weather is P-40E A29-110.

Guadalcanal - 18th Division, 35th Inf Brig, detached and 27 August 124th Inf Regt, detached land.

IJN - Eight D3A2 Val bombed Rabi (Milne Bay) covered by six Tainan Kokutai A6M3 Zeros.



THURSDAY, 27 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): Four B-17s, six B-24s, and two P-38s fly weather, reconnaissance and patrol missions over Kiska and Atka. The Japanese begin to transfer the Attu garrison to Kiska, which is completed by September 16, 1942.

SWPA (5th AF): Seven B-26 Marauders from the 22nd BG, 19th BS led by B-26 "Kansas Comet II" 40-1433 took off at dawn on a mission to bomb Buna Airfield escorted by fourteen P-400 Airacobras from the 35th FG. This mission was to prevent the Japanese aircraft at the airfield from operating over Milne Bay. By 7:15am, Krell's force was the target when the escorting Airacobras were intercepted by Zeros. The B-26s experienced minor anti-aircraft fire before releasing their 100 pound bombs from an altitude of 1,500' but many bombs failed to release over the target. The escorting Airacobras were intercepted by Zeros, claiming five shot down. Four Zeros attempted to intercept the B-26s, but the Airacobras managed to drive them away. References: Revenge of the Red Raiders page 134.

Meanwhile, a dozen B-26s led by O'Neill took off at dawn to attack Milne Bay. Inbound to the target, two B-26s aborted the mission due to bad weather. The other ten searched the target area for an hour but failed to find any Japanese, aside from D3A Vals escorted by Zeros. Two Zeros attempted to intercept them B-26s then returned when low on fuel. Also, P-40s strafe the beachhead and fuel dumps at Milne Bay. RAAF Kittyhawks that took off from Milne Bay intercepted the Vals and claimed two shot down. 403d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Laverton to Torrens Creek with B-17s; first mission is in Oct.

RAAF: Kittyhawks from 76 Squadron took off from Milne Bay to intercept attacking Japanese aircraft and claim two dive bombers shot down. Lost is P-40E A29-92 (KIA) during a strafing attack against Milne Bay.

IJN - Eight D3A2 Val bomb Rabi (Milne Bay), escorted by seven A6M3 Zeros (five from Tainan Kokutai and two from 2nd Kokutai). The Tainan Kokutai Zeros strafe No. 1 Strip (Gurney Field). Allied fighters shot down two dive bombers: D3A Val Koyamada and D3A Yoshinaga and four Zeros from the Tainan Kokutai were shot down: A6M piloted by Lt. Yamashita, A6M3 piloted by PO1C Yamashita and A6M3 piloted by NP Ninomiya and A6M3 piloted by PO2C Kakimoto (pilot POW). Also, while flying cover over Buna, 3 A6M3 Zeros from the Tainan Kokutai intercept Airacobras escorting B-26 over Buna Airfield. Lost is A6M3 Zero piloted by PO/3 Takeô Matsuda (KIA). Damaged was A6M3 3030.
FRIDAY, 28 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): Three B-17s bomb Kiska, lost is B-17E 41-9126. All available B-24s and two flights of P-38s fly air cover over Nazan Bay off Atka. An attack mission to Attu is canceled due to bad weather.

CBI (CATF): In French Indochina, eight B-25s hit barracks and ammunition dumps at Hoang Su Phi and a fuel dump at Phu Lo; this is the largest force of B-25s used by CATF to date, and the first B-25 mission flown without escort.

SWPA (5th AF): B-26s bomb forces at Milne Bay.

Guadalcanal: Asagiri sunk off Santa Isabel by American planes

Miline Bay - Additional Japanese land at Milne Bay.

RAAF: Lost is P-40E A29-109 (KIA) near Port Moresby.


SATURDAY, 29 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): A USN PBY reports a force of three cruisers and four destroyers northwest of Umnak. All available aircraft from the 11th Air Force go on attack alert until the surface force identifies itself as friendly.

CBI (CATF): B-25s pound Lashio, scoring numerous hits on Lashio Airfield and starting three large fires in the warehouse area southeast of Lashio.

SWPA (5th AF): B-26s and P-400s hit Buna Airfield; P-40s hit facilities in the Milne Bay area as enemy ground forces continue their drive over the Owen Stanley Range toward Port Moresby. B-17s pound Lakunai Airfield. A C5M Babs piloted by Shigetoshi Kudo chased eight B-17s, flying up to 7,500m then dropped an aerial burst bomb to break up the formation. He aimed for the B-17s on the left of the formation and claimed the no. 1 plane was hit and went into clouds, so he claimed an unconfirmed. He claimed the no. 2 caught on fire and also went down. In fact, none were lost.

SUNDAY, 30 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): U. S. troops land in Kuluk Bay off Adak amidst a terrific storm and start building Adak Airfield. Five B-24s photograph Kiska but do not bomb due to overcast, and then fly patrol and photo reconnaissance over Amchitka and Tanaga. P-38s fly patrol between Great Sitkin and Little Tanaga. Seaplane Tender Teal provides forward air cover. The occupation puts North Pacific forces within 250 miles of occupied Kiska and in a position to maintain a close watch over enemy shipping lanes to that and to Attu. The seaplane tender USS Casco (AVP-12) conducting support operations from Nazan Bay off Atka was damaged by a torpedo fired by a submarine and temporarily beached.

CBI (CATF): Eight China based B-25s bomb Myitkyina Airfield for the first time.

POA (7th AF): 6th Fighter Squadron, 18th Fighter Group, moves from Wheeler Field to Kahuku with P-40s.

SWPA (5th AF): B-17s attack shipping in Saint Georges Channel.

IJN: Additional Japanese land at Milne Bay 1/124, anti-tank 6.

USN: Sunk by bombs is USS Colhoun APD-2 into Iron Bottom Sound.

MONDAY 31 AUGUST 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): Two B-24s fly weather reconnaissance and patrol missions over Tanaga, one returns due to bad weather.

CBI (CATF): B-25s from China bomb Myitkyina for the second consecutive day.

SWPA (5th AF): B-26 bomb Lae escorted by Airacobras of the 80th Fighter Squadron. Lost are P-400 BX147 (survived).

USN: USS Saratoga (CV-3) was damaged by a torpedo fired by a Japanese submarine I-26 and was forced to retire for repairs.

USMC: On Guadalcanal, eighteen F4F Wildcats from VMF-224 plus eight F4F Wildcats from VMF-223 took off on a combat patrol following an air raid alarm. Lost is F4F Wildcat 02104 (MIA), F4F Wildcat 02122 (MIA) and F4F Wildcat 03438 (survived).

IJN: A6M2 Zeros from the 2nd Kokutai fly seven sorties over Rabi (Milne Bay).

Japanese Army: The 2/124 is thrown back attacking No. 3 Strip (Turnbull) at Milne Bay at the southeastern tip of New Guinea.

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