FRIDAY, 7 AUGUST 1942
ALASKA (11th AF): Three B-24s sent to bomb Kiska return
with their bombs due to solid overcast; four more B-24s also depart for Kiska;
one turns back with mechanical trouble, the others abort the mission over the
target due to undercast. Two air coverage missions are flown by one B-24, one LB-30 and four P-38s over Nazan Bay off Atka for USN
USN: VF-71 F4F Wildcats strafe Japanese seaplanes off Tanambogo, Gavutu and Halavo Bay. Lost is F4F "Junior" 5192.
USMC: The First Marine Division (reinforced) make an amphibious landing at Tulagi and Guadalcanal. 10,000 Americans vs 2,200 Japanese troops. Air support for the
U.S Marines' first amphibious landing of World War II was provided by three
of Air Support Force (Rear Admiral L. Noyes), and by Navy, Marine, and Army
units of Aircraft, South Pacific (Rear Admiral J. S. McCain) operating from
bases on New Caledonia and New Hebrides. By 4:00pm on Guadalcanal, the incomplete Lunga Point Airfield (renamed Henderson Field) is occupied.
SWPA (5th AF): 13 B-17s of the 19th Bombardment Group (Heavy), led by Lieutenant
Colonel Richard H. Carmichael bomb Vunakanau
Airfield near Rabaul. Lost are B-17E 41-2617 (survived), B-17E "Why Don't We Do This More Often" 41-2429 (POW / MIA). 22nd Bombardment Group B-26s attack Lae and a B-17 and a B-25 each attack
a submarine in the Gulf of Papua. HQ 38th Bombardment Group (Medium) and 405th
Bombardment Squadron (Medium) move from Eagle Farms and Ballarat respectively
to Breddan Field with B-25s; first mission is 17 Sep. On a ferry flight to Port Moresby lost are B-26 "Dixie" 40-1496 (crew rescued). Also lost was B-26 "Yankee Clipper" 40-1521 (crew bailed out, two MIA).
South Pacific: Lost are B-17E 41-2426 (MIA) and B-17E "Kai-O-Keleiwa" 41-9224 (MIA).
RAN - MV Mamutu is sunk in the Gulf of Papua by Japanese submarine RO-33.
USN: Rear Admiral William W. Smith's Task Group 8.6 (TG 8.6) bombardment group shells Kiska Island including USS Louisville (CA-28), USS Indianapolis (CA-35), USS Nashville (CL-43), USS Honolulu (CL-48) and USS St. Louis (CL-49) plus destroyers USS Elliot (DD-146), USS Reid (DD-369), USS Case (DD-370), USS Gridley (DD-380) and USS McCall (DD-400). Although fog limited observation their floatplanes reported ships sinking in Kiska Harbor and fires burning among shore installations. The Japanese were caught by surprise and took fifteen minutes before shore batteries returned fire and Japanese seaplanes made ineffective attacks.