The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal occurred during November 12–15, 1942 in Iron Bottom Sound between Guadalcanal and Savo Island in the Solomon Islands. The Japanese referr to this action as "Third Battle of the Solomon Sea". Also known as the "Third Battle of Savo Island" or "Battle of the Solomons" or sometimes "Battle of Friday the 13th". This was the last of five major naval engagements during the Guadalcanal campaign.
The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal had two phases. The first phase during the night of November 12-13, 1942. The second phase was during the night of November 14-15, 1942 (also known as the "Second Naval Battle of Guadalcanal").
On November 12, 1942 the Japanese force under the command of Vice Admiral Hiroaki Abe included battlecruiser Hiei (Abe's flagship) and Kirishima, light cruiser Nagara plus eleven destroyers:
Samidare, Murasame, Asagumo, Teruzuki, Amatsukaze, Yukikaze, Ikazuchi, Inazuma, Akatsuki, Harusame, and Yūdachi. This powerful force assembled north of Indispensable Strait and proceeded southward towards Guadalcanal. In addition, destroyers Shigure, Shiratsuyu, and Yūgure provide a rear guard off the Russell Islands.
Meanwhile, the convoy with 7,000 infantry troops and their equipment escorted by twelve destroyers under the command of Rear Admiral Raizo Tanaka departed Shortland down "The Slot" and were scheduled to land on Guadalcanal during the night of November 13, 1942. After the Japanese losses during the battle on November 13, 1942 at 3:00am Admiral Yamamoto recalled the transports which returned to Shortland to await further orrders.
U. S. Navy Force
The opposing U. S. Navy force under the command of Admiral Callaghan included heavy cruisers USS San Francisco (CA-38) (Callaghan's flagship) and USS Portland (CA-33), light cruisers USS Helena (CL-50), USS Juneau (CL-52), and USS Atlanta (CL-51) plus eight destroyers: USS Cushing DD-376, USS Laffey DD-459, USS Sterett (DD-407), USS O'Bannon (DD-450), USS Aaron Ward (DD-483), USS Barton (DD-599), USS Monssen (DD-436), and USS Fletcher (DD-445).
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February 5, 2019