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The Battle of Tassafaronga occurred during the early morning hours of November 30, 1942 in Iron Bottom Sound off Tassafaronga on the north coast of Guadalcanal and south of Savo Island in the Solomon Islands. The Japanese refer to this action as "Battle of Lunga Point". Also known as the "Fourth Battle of Savo Island".
Japanese Navy Force
U. S. Navy Force
On November 28, 1942 placed under the command of Admiral Thomas Kinkaid. Together, Wright and Kinkaid planned was to use TF-67's destroyer's to spot the enemy force on radar, make a torpedo attack then depart the area allowing the cruisers to open fire illuminated by flares dropped by their scout planes. On November 29 1942 the U. S. intercepted a Japanese Navy message to the 17th Army alerting them to a supply run the next night and TF-67 departed Espiritu Santo bound for Guadalcanal to intercept the Japanese.
Battle of Tassafaronga
The Battle of Tassafaronga began on November 30, 1942 at 11:20pm when three U. S. destroyers made a surprise torpedo attack against the Japanese force off Tassafaronga with every American warship opening fire at the enemy. Caught by surprise, the Japanese launched torpedoes but did not return fire for seven minutes.
At 11:22pm, both USS Minneapolis (CA-36) and USS New Orleans (CA-32) sustained torpedo hits and withdrew. At 11:39 USS Pensacola (CA-24) was also hit by a torpedo and withdrew. The action continued with USS Northampton and USS Honolulu (CL-48) plus six destroyers continuing to attack. At 11:48pm USS Northampton (CA-26) was hit by a torpedo and sank three hours later.
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