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Lat 21°02′27.51″N Long 105°53′09.64″E. Gia Lam Airfield is located at Gai Lam district on the eastern bank of the Red River near Hanoi (Ha Noi) in Vietnam. Also known as Gialam or Gia Lam. Allied wartime spelling: "Gia Lam Airfield". In Vietnamese, known as Sân bay Gia Lâm.
Japanese units at Hanoi (Gia Lam)
American missions against Gia Lam Airfield
Gia Lam supported French operations against the Vietnamese until the Frech defeat at Dien Bien Phu when the airfield was surrendered to the Viet Minh. Afterwards, used by the Vietnamese People's Air Force (VPAF) as their primary airfield in the Hanoi area.
During January 1973, Gia Lam was the site of Operation Homecoming, a series of diplomatic negotiations that made possible the return of a number of American POWs held by the North Vietnamese. The first repatriation, effected by the United States Air Force's Military Airlift Command, happened on February 12, 1973, when C-141s of the 63d Military Airlift Wing, flying from Clark Air Base flew to Gia Lam and returned with a total of 116 former POWs. The first C-141 to return came to be known as the Hanoi Taxi, named after the writing on the flight engineer's panel by the POWs aboard the plane for the freedom flight. Arizona Senator John McCain was one of the POWs who departed from Gia Lam aboard the Hanoi Taxi. From February 12 - April 4, 1973, a total of 54 C-141 missions out of Gia Lam returning former POWs.
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