Bomber 1 was located on the Pallikulo Peninsula near Pallikulo village bordering Pallikulo Bay at the southeastern corner of Espiritu Santo in Vanuatu (New Hebrides). Also known as "Bomber Field No. 1", "Pallikulo Field" or "Fighter 1". Later, Bomber 2 (Pekoa Field) was constructed nearby.
Prior to the Pacific War,
a coconut plantation with coconut palms harvesting copra was planted at this location.
Built by the U. S. Army with a single runway oriented northwest to southeast. By June 1, 1943 the single runway measured 6,200' x 150' and was the longest runway on Espiritu Santo.
During 1942, Bomber 1 was used by U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF) aircraft including B-17 Flying Fortresses and B-24 Liberators.
American units based at Bomber 1 (Palikulo Field, Fighter 1)
USAAF, 13th Air Force
11th BG, 42nd BS (B-17) Wheeler Field July 21, 1942 - November 1, 1942 Guadalcanal
11th BG, 98th BS (B-17) - November 1, 1942 Guadalcanal
11th BG, 26th BS (B-17) ADVON August 1, 1942 Bauer Field (Port Vila) December 22, 1942 - ?
11th BG, 431st BS (B-17) ADVON August 1, 1942
5th BG, 23rd BS (B-17, B-24) Mokuleia December 1, 1942 - March 31, 43 Guadalcanal. departs October 21, 43 Guadalcanal returns December 7, 1943 Munda
5th BG, 31st BS (B-17)
November 30, 1942 - January 17, 1943 Guadalcanal
5th BG, 72nd BS (B-17) September 24 - October 4,
VMD-254 (B-24) Nov 28 - December - February 1943 Koli
Later, the Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) operated a base depot at Pallikulo Field that assembled new aircraft that arrived aboard U. S. ships as part of Lend-Lease and were reassembled and flight tested prior to assignment to squadrons.
C-47B Dakota NZ3529
Crashed July 6, 1945
Disused since the war, Bomber 1 is overgrown. The runway remains in excellent
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October 18, 2018