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USAAF May 1941
USAAF December 7, 1941
Justin Taylan 2004
Hickam Field is located to the west of Honolulu bordering Honolulu Airfield (John Rodgers Airfield) on Oahu. The base spans from Bishop Point to the west and U. S. Naval Station Pearl Harbor and Pearl Harbor to the north. Fort Kamehameha is located to the south. Taxiways connect to Honolulu Airfield on the east. Extensive facilities included a hanger row and many buildings and support facilities. Today, part of Joint Base Pearl Harbor Hickam (JBPHH).
During 1935, a 2,200 acre site was purchased by the U. S. Army for a military airfield. Construction of the runway and base was completed by October 1939, at the time this was America's largest and most important base in Hawaii, and the newest and most modern airfield, capable of accommodating an air depot and a bombardment wing.
The main runway measured 7,048' x 800' running roughly north-east to south-west. Also, there were three smaller runways in a triangular shape off the main runway: 4,725 x 250 and 4,025 x 250' and 4,630' x 250'.
Named after aviation pioneer Lt. Col. Horace M. Hickam, who was killed in a flying accident on November 5, 1934 in Texas.
During October 1939 aircraft from the newly formed 5th Bombardment Group arrived from Luke Field.
On November 1, 1940, the Hawaiian Air Force was activated with the 18th Bombardment Wing stationed at Hickam Field operating B-18 Bolos and B-17 Flying Fortresses.
The Hawaiian Air Depot (HAD) was established at Hickam Field to reassemble aircraft, service aircraft, conduct modifications and overhaul work on any U. S. Army fighter or bomber. During early 1942, the Commanding Officer (C.O.) was Lt. Col. Albert C. Boyd.
Fort Kamehameha is located at the southwest of Hickam Field bordering Holokahiki Point and Kamehameha Beach.
On December 7, 1941, aircraft were parked wingtip to wingtip to protect them from sabotage. Attacking Japanese aircraft heavily damaged the base and destroyed parked planes. This airfield was used for the remainder of the Pacific War.
American units based at Hickam
7th BG, 22nd BS air echelon (B-17) December 18, 1941 - January 5 1942 Singosari
7th BG, 88th BS air echelon (B-17) December 22, 1941 - February 10 1942 Fiji
7th Bomber Command, HQ activated at Hickam January 29, 1942
5th BG, 23rd BS (B-17) ? - March 24, 1942 Mokuleia
38th BG, 69th BS (B-26 air echelon) USA May 22, 1942 - June 17, 1942 New Caledonia
5th BG, 31st BS (B-18, B-18) ? - May 23, 1942 Kipapa
19th Transport Squadron (C-33 and C-53) ? - May 29, 1942 John Rodgers Airport
5th BG, 394th BS (B-17) ? - May 30, 42 Bellows returns July 24 - Sept 28, 42 Bellows
307th BG, 372nd BS (B-24) ? - June 13, 1943 Espiritu Santo
11th BG, HQ July 1942 - November 9, 1943 returns April 8, 1943
11th BG, 98th BS (B-17) ? - August 11, 1942 Espiritu Santo
11th BG, 431st BS (B-17) ? - November 11, 1943 Funafuti returns April 8, 1943
318th FG, HQ activated at Hickam October 15, 1942 - February 9, 1943 Bellows
41st BG, HQ from USA October 16, 1943 - December 17, 1943 Tarawa
30th BG, HQ from USA October 20 - November 12, 1943 Nanumea
41st BG, 396th BS (B-25) from USA October 20 - December 24, 1943 Tarawa
41st BG, 820th BS (B-25) from USA October 20 - December 24, 1943 Tarawa
9th TCS (C-47) from US February 21 - March 27, 1944 Abemama
7th Fighter Command, HQ Fort Shafter October 20, 1944 - ?
AAFPOA is activated at Hickam August 1, 1944
7th FW, 548th Night Fighter Squadron (P-61) ? - October 16, 1943 Kipapa
7th FW, 548th Night Fighter Squadron (P-61) from USA September 16, 1944 - ?
7th Fighter Command, HQ ? - January 18, 1945 Fort Kamehameha
The flagpole circle and memorial listing of all those who died at the base on December 7, 1941. Included are plaques for the 11th BG, based at Hickam at the time of the attack (including a time capsule to be opened 2041). A memorial, with bronze P-40 dedicated to WWII aviators was installed in 2003.
Pacific Air Forces Headquarters Building
Bullet holes are visible in the Pacific Air Forces HQ building. Inside is the US flag that flew over the base on December 7, 1941 and was also flown over the white house and present at the formal surrender of Japan.
Hickam AFB Museum
Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA)
December 7, 1941
September 27, 1943
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