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    Attu Airfield (Alexai Point, Casco Field, NAS Attu, CGS Casco Cove) Alaska United States

Location
Lat 52° 49' 42N 173° 10' 49E Long  Attu Airfield was located at Alexai Point bordering Casco Cove on the southeast coast of Attu Island in the Aleutian Island Chain (Aleutian Islands) in Alaska in the United States. Mountains are located to three sides of the airfield. Located at an elevation of 40' above sea level.

Attu Airfield was known as "Alexai Point Airfield" or simply "Alexai Point" or "NAS Attu" during the Pacific War. Postwar, known as "NAS Casco Field". Today, known as Coast Guard Station Casco Cove (CGS Casco Cove).

Construction
Built by the Americans as a single runway.

American and Japanese missions against Attu
January 6 - October 13, 1943

Wartime History
The first U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF) C-47 Dakota was the first aircraft to land at Attu Airfield landing fighter crews. Attu Airfield was used as a base for American fighters and as a staging base for bombers attacking targest in the Kurile Islands.

During early 1945, P-38s of the 54th Fighter Squadron began to fly special high-altitude missions to intercept Japanese balloon bombs drifting eastward in the jet stream towards North America. These last-ditch terror weapons were launched from Japan in hopes of dropping incendiary charges onto the United States and Canada. Attu Airfield was directly in their flight path, with balloon bombs passing overhead between 30,000' to 37,000' altitude.

American units based at Attu Airfield (Alexai Point)
343rd FG, 54th FS (P-38 detachment)
343rd FG, 344th FS (P-38 detachment) Umnak June 12 - December 1, 1943 Shemya
343rd FG, HQ Amchitka January 22, 1944
343rd FG, 18th FS (P-38) Amchitka March 28, 1944
28th CG, 77th BS (B-25) Adak July 22, 1943 - 1945
343rd FG, 344th FS (P-40) Shemya June - December, 1943 Shemya

Today
Today, designated a small airport known as Coast Guard Station Casco Cove (CGS Casco Cove). The single runway is oriented 20/02 measures 5,800' x 150' surfaced with asphalt. Airport codes: FAA: ATU / IATA: ATU.

To this day, twenty gun emplacements are located around the former airfield.

References
The Thousand Mile War page 300 (Ballentine edition)
"[May 1943, US Army 18th Engineers]...Talley's Engineers had marked out an airstrip on the east side of Massacre Bay (disdaining the northern bogs where the Japanese had tried and failed to build a runway)."
HyperWar - US Navy in World War II - Casco FIeld Naval Air Station (NAS) Attu, Alaska (photos)

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Last Updated
February 4, 2018

 

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