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    Seoul Airport (Gimpo, Kimpo, K-14)  Republic of Korea (South Korea)
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October 20, 1945


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USAF 1950

Location
Lat 37° 33′ 29″ N Long 126° 47′ 26″ E  Located at the western edge of Seoul. Also known as "Gimpo Air Base" or "Kimpo Air Base".

Construction
During 1935, the Japanese initiated construction of an airfield at this location. Most of the construction was performed by Korean laborers who hauled rocks from Kai Hwa San and Yang Chan to use as the rock bed for the runway. Around 1942, Kimpo airfield was completed.

World War II
Used by the Japanese during 1942 until their official surrender in September 1945. Apparently, this airfield was never attacked by American aircraft during the Pacific War.

Occupied by U.S. Army forces, many intact Japanese aircraft were captured at the undamaged airfield, including many Ki-51 Sonias. During 1949, American forces turned Kimpo over to the Republic of Korea Air Force.

Korean War
During 1950, at the start of the Korean War, ROK forces were overun and abandoned the airfield to occupying North Korean forces. After the U.N. landing at Inchon, the airfield was liberated. During the Korean War, designated "K-14" by the United States Air Force (USAF) and known as "Kimpo Air Base".

Immediately, Kimpo Airfield was developed into an important base for American and U.N. forces in support of operations in Korea.

American units based at Kimpo (Seoul) 1950
8th Fighter-Bomber Wing (FBW)

When Communist forces including Chinese troops again attacked Seoul area, Kimpo was again was occupied, and liberated by U.N. forces.

American units based at Kimpo (Seoul) 1950
8th Fighter-Bomber Wing (FBW) April - August 1951
4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing

Postwar
After the Korean War, Kimpo continued to be used by USAF and the ROK as a military airfield. In 1958, designated Seoul Airport or Seoul international Airport and used as the primary airport servicing Seoul. Also known as Gimpo International Airport (Gimpo Gukje Gonghang, 김포국제공항).

Today
In 2001, replaced by Incheon International Airport as the primary international airport servicing Seoul. Today, this airport is the second largest in South Korea. The airport has two runways: 10,499' asphalt surfaced and 11,811' concrete surfaced. Airport code: IATA: GMP – ICAO: RKSS.

References
Seoul Airport (Gimpo Airport) - Official Website

Fourth's Korean Home Has Long History by A/1C James L. Vasquez

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Last Updated
February 4, 2018

 

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