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    Motoyama No. 1 Airfield (Chidori, Central Field) Iwo Jima Japan
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USMC February 1945

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USAAF March 1945
Location
Motoyama No. 1 Airfield was located on the Motoyama plateau in the southern corner of Iwo Jima in Ogasawara Subprefecture in Japan. Borders Mount Surabachi to the south and the February 19, 1945 invasion beach to the east. Also known as "Chidori" or "Central Field' or "South Airfield" or "Southern Airfield".

Construction
Built by the Japanese, the base included three intersecting runways.

Wartime History
Motoyama No. 1 Airfield was used by the Japanese. During the middle of 1944 until early 1945 attacked by American aircraft neutralizing the airfield. By February 19, 1945 disused by the U. S. Marine Corps amphibious landing on the adjacent invasion beach.

American missions against Motoyama No. 1 Airfield
July 4, 1944 - February 27, 1945

Japanese units based at Iwo Jima
301 Kokutai (A6M Zero) June - July 1944

Battlefield
On February 19, 1945 an amphibious landing by the U. S. Marine Corps (USMC) landed at the invasion beach to the east of Motoyama No. 1 Airfield. During the Battle of Iwo Jima, this location became a battlefield and was immediaetly repaired and put into action by Americans as the battle still raged.

By February 26, 1945 the first American aircraft landed on the strip, a OY-1 Sentinel piloted by Lt. Harvey Olson of Marine Observation Squadron 4. Later, On March 4, with the battle still raging a B-29 force landed, the first 2,400 emergency landings by American aircraft on Iwo Jima. The wreckage of several Japanese aircraft were abandoned and captured at the airfield including a Ki-46-III Dinah.

American units based at Central Field
21st FG, 72nd FS (P-51) Mokuleia March 26, 1945
21st FG, 531st FS (P-51) Mokuleia March 26, 1945
21st FG, HQ Mokuleia March 26, 1945
American units based at Iwo Jima (unsure which airfield)
7th FC HQ Hawaii March 1, 1945 - ?
15th FG, 78th FS (P-51) March 1, 1945 - ?
15th FG HQ Hawaii March 6, 1945 - ?
548th NFS (P-61) Saipan March 6, 1945 - ?
549th NFS (P-61) from Hawaii/Saipan March 14-20, 1945
433d TCG, 67th TCS (C-46) Clark Field Aug 27, 1945 - ?
548th NFS (P-61) Saipan Mar 6 - June 8, 1945 Ie Shima

Today
Disused today.

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Last Updated
February 9, 2018

 

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