Pacific Wrecks
Pacific Wrecks   Donate Now  
Search Chronology Locations Aircraft Vessels Missing In Action (MIA)
 
    Owi Airfield Biak Numfor Regency | Papua Province Indonesia

Click For Enlargement
USAAF c1944

Click For Enlargement
5th AF c1944

Location
Owi Airfield spans nearly the entire length of Owi Island. Also known as Owi Drome or Owi Aerodrome.

Construction
Built by the U. S. Army as a single runway with a parallel taxiway and revetments surfaced with crushed coral. The first aircraft to land at Owi Airfield was a P-38J Lightning from the 8th Fighter Group, 36th Fighter Squadron.

Wartime History
During June 1944 until late November 1944, Owi Airfield was an important base for fighter aircraft and heavy bombers.

American units based at Owi
8th FG, 36th FS (P-38) Nadzab June 17 - Sep 19, 1944 Morotai
8th FG, 80th FS (P-38) Nadzab June 18 - Sept 20, 1944 Morotai
71st TRG, 82, TRS (P-39) Saidor June 20 - July 16, 1944 Borokoe
8th FG, 35th FS (P-38s) Nadzab July 1 - Oct 4, 1944 Morotai
5th FC, 418th NFS (P-61s) ? - October 5, 1944 Morotai
547th NFS (P-38s & P-61s) Oro Bay October 6, 1944 - ?
35th FG, 41st FS (P-47s) Kornasoren Sept 17 - Oct 17, 1944 to Wama
35th FG, 39th FS (P-47s) Sept 12 - Oct 24, 1944 to Morotai
35th FG HQ from Gusap July 22 - Sept 27, 1944 to Morotai
5th FC, 421st NFS (P-38 & P-61) Nadzab June 28 - Oct 26, 1944 Leyte
5th FC & 5th BC July 2 - November 1, 1944 Leyte
308th BW from July 2, 1944 - August 10, 1944 Hollandia
309th BW from Nov 9, 1944 - Feb 9. 1945 to San Marcelino
310th BW, 418th NFS (P-61s) Hollandia Sept 16, 44 - Jan 6, 45 San Jose
22nd BG, 408th BS (B-24s) from Nadzab July 26, - Nov 9, 1944 Leyte
22nd BG, 19th & 33rd BS (B-24s) Nadzab July 22 - Nov 10, 1944 Leyte
22nd BG HQ & 43rd BG HQ Nadzab August 17 - Nov 15, 1944 Leyte
22nd BG 2nd BS (B-24s) from Nadzab August 11 - Nov 19, 1944 Leyte
43rd BG 403rd BS (B-24) ? - November 19, 1944 to Leyte
5th AF HQ from Nadzab August 10 - November 20, 1944 to Leyte
43rd BG, 63rd BS (B-24s) Nadzab July 10 - Nov 23, 1944 Tacloban
43rd BG, 64th BS (B-24s) Nadzab July 10 - Nov 23, 1944 Tacloban
43rd BG, 65th BS (B-24s) ? - Nov 25, 1944 Tacloban

Japanese missions against Owi
July 8, 1944 a single Japanese aircraft attacked Owi.

James Hilburn of the 41st FS recalls:
"Who can remember how long it took ack-ack shrapnel to fall to the ground after a night raid on Owi Island? The falling fragments of exploded shells would develop an aerodynamic spinning and could be heard very clearly as a buzzing. On hitting the ground, they sounded like west Texas hail stones!"

Irv Fenton recalls:
"I spent six months on Owi. It was used as an emergency strip maintained by a black outfit. There were about ten of us maintaining communications to the main island of Biak. A member of the maintenance group had three stills going, and delivered alcohol in five gallon cans on a DWUK to Biak, and the DWUK delivered cans of fruit to make more. The MP's were searching for stills on Biak, and of course never found them. Alcohol went for $28 a fifth at that time. We on Owi got it free for keeping our mouth shut. A piper cub delivered our mail from Biak. There were no natives on the island at all. We ate in the black soldiers mess, and the food was pretty bad.

I was there in 45 with no camera. I got there right after the last bombing. I was amazed to find out how much action there was on OWI. I replaced some men in the Signal Corps that were shell shocked. Nothing was going on when I was there. When I got to Biak on the way to the Philippines, (I was in the air on the way to Leyte when they dropped the first atomic bomb) the 5th air force had already left, when a shipment for Passover came for them from Australia. The few guys that were there got drunk on wine and fresh eggs with matzos for days."

John Voss visited in 1992
"Lots of junk laying including a old truck. Jungle growth has taken over the island but was still really neat exploring the area especially with all of the cockatoos flying around and shrieking throughout the forest. I took a fairly good picture of Owi from the air when my DC-9 to Jayapura flew along side the island. One of the natives on Owi told me that up until the previous year there were two airplanes on the island and someone hauled them away. I asked him if he knew what kind of airplanes they were and he said "Oh, yes I do know!! One plane was of the 'small type' and the other plane was one of the 'large type' ".

A visitor added in 2005:
"The villagers showed me the metal box they found with a soldiers belongings inside bullets, chewing gum, shaving cream and dog tags. I promised the villagers I would try to find more information about this man. His name is Mr Wasyl Lukaszon or Lukaszow. His number 13175046 T43-440. He was from 230R Berkley Clifton Heights, PA. His mothers name is Irene."

G4A Gliders
Reportedly abandoned on the island.

Contribute Information
Do you have photos or additional information to add?

Last Updated
May 22, 2017

 

Map
Map 1944

Google Earth
View in Google Earth

    All rights reserved.  
  Pacific Wrecks Inc. is a non-profit 501(c)(3) charity dedicated to bringing home those Missing In Action (MIA) and leveraging new technologies in the study of World War II Pacific and the Korean War.  
Facebook Twitter YouTube Google Plus Instagram
 
Forum Updates People Museums Reviews Submit Info How You Can Help