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    Langoan Airfield (Menado II) Sulawesi (Celebes) Indonesia
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42nd BG 1944

Location
Lat 1° 8' 60N Long 124° 49' 60E  Located at Langoan on the northeastern tip of Celebes Island (Sulawesi). Also known as Menado II.

Construction
Built prewar by the Dutch as a single runway.

Wartime History
During January 1942, the area between Kalkas (Kakas) to Langoan was defended by the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (KNIL) "Tactical Command Kakas" under the command of Captain W. C. van den Berg. Langoan Airfield was defended by the 41 brigade with 15-18 men each under the command of 1st Lieutenant J. G. Wielinga and reinforced by armored cars (overvalwagens) commanded by Sergeant-Major H. J. Robbemond.

On January 11, 1942 Japanese paratroopers from the the 1st Yokosuka Special Naval Landing Force (SNLF)

departed Davao and the 1st drop group jumped at 9:00am over Langoan including the 1st company whose objective was to capture Langoan Airfield and 2nd company tasked with capturing Kalkas (Kakas). On June 12, 1942 the 2nd drop group including the 3rd company jumped over Langoan Airfield as reinforcements.

During the battle, the paratroopers suffered heavy casualties but managed to capture Langoan Airfield. The remaining Dutch including Captain van den Berg withdrew inland to initiate guerrilla warfare. A large number of Dutch surrendered and became Prisoners Of War (POW). Many were executed by the Japanese as retribution for the casualties suffered during the battle.

Beginning in January 1942, Langoan Airfield was used by the Japanese. Bombed by American aircraft during January 17, 1942 until June 28, 1945. Occupied by the Japanese for the duration of the Pacific War.

American missions against Langoan
January 17, 1942 - June 28, 1945

Today
Disused since the war.

References
Index to Air Bases - Research Report No. 85, I.G. No 9185 - July 30, 1944

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Last Updated
February 4, 2018

 

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