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American missions against Ulithi and Urushi Anchorage
March 30, 1944 - July 28, 1944

March 30, 1944
(USN) Air attacks on Ulithi

July 25, 1944
(USN) Air attacks on Ulithi

July 25-28, 1944
(USN) Task Force 58 (TF-58) strike Ulithi

Japanese missions against Ulithi and Urushi Anchorage
March 11, 1945

March 11, 1945
(IJN) Twenrty-four P1Y Francis bombers took off from Japan on bombing mission bound for Ulithi. The bombers approached Ulithi at high altitude, dropped tin foil chaff to deceive America radars. then dove and flew in low over the water. Only two managed to penetrate Ulithi Anchorage undetected. The isands and ships were all illuminated, no air raid alert had been sounded.

The pilot of the first Ginga radioed "successful attack!” and at 20:07 slammed into the starboard side of the USS Randolph (CV-15) anchored off Sorlen Islet. The bomber hit aft just below the flight deck, but had so little fuel left in its tanks that it did not burst into flames. The explosion of its bomb destroyed planes in the vicinity of the flight and hangar decks. Randolph was badly damaged and 26 men were killed and 105 wounded. The other Ginga mistook Sorlen Islet for another aircraft carrier and plowed into it. Randolph was repaired locally and returned to action in early April 1945 and served as flagship of Task Force 58 (TF 58) during the latter part of the Okinawa campaign.

Results of the twenty-four P1Ys that took off on a one-way "tokko" (suicide) mission to Ulithi:

  • 5 P1Ys aborted from the mission.
  • 2 P1Ys ditched.
  • 17 P1Ys reached near Ulithi.
  • 1 P1Y rammed to USS Randolph.
  • 1 P1Y rammed to hill.
  • 12 P1Ys ditched (MIA).
  • 3 P1Ys landed at Yap.

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