Developed by the design bureau lead by Nikolai Nikolaevich Polikarpov as a replacement for the R-1, the copy of the Airco DH.9A. The prototype first flew in autumn 1928 and after extensive evaluation, the R-5 entered production in 1930. Produced for Soviet Air Force and supplied to satellite states, Mongolian Air Force.
R-5SH, R-Z, R5SSS Variants
Modified versions were produced to serve as floatplanes, ground attack aircraft and civil transports. The R-5SSS, was the improved variant. Succeeded by the Polikarpov R-Z.
A total of 4,914 R-5 were built, plus other variants.