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  P-38G-1-LO Lightning Serial Number 42-12711 Tail 7
USAAF
5th AF
475th FG
431st FS

Former Assignment
35FG
39FS

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Justin Taylan 2003
Pilot  2nd Lt. Martin P. Hawthorne, O-855043 (KIA, BR) Barry County, MI
Crashed  January 22, 1944
MACR  none

Aircraft History
Built by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation (LAC) in Burbank. Constructors Number 7145. Delivered to the U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF) as P-38G-1-LO Lightning serial number 42-12711. Disassembled and shipped overseas and reassembled.

Wartime History
Assigned to the 5th Air Force, 35th Fighter Group, 39th Fighter Squadron. No known nickname or nose art. Later, transfered to the 475th Fighter Group, 431st Fighter Squadron at Dobodura Airfield. Likely assigned a tail number between 110–130. No known nickname or nose art.

Mission History
On January 22, 1944 took off from Dobodura Airfield on a test flight and crashed roughly 700 yards off the northwest end of Doboudra No. 7 (Girua Airport). Pilot Hawthorne was killed in the crash.

Recovery of Remains
Afterwards, his remains were recovered from the crash site and buried in New Guinea. Postwar, his remains were transported to the United States for permanent burial.

Memorials
Hawthorne was officially declared dead the day of the mission. He was buried at Rock Island National Cemetery at section E site 246.

Wreckage
This aircraft crashed into a ditch and broke into pieces. During the 1980s, the wreckage was rediscovered by villagers while clearing land for a new garden. The aircraft has a large "7" painted in yellow on the tail. This is possibly a digit from the U. S. Army Air Force serial number "212711" or possibly a tail number from one of the squadrons it was assigned before the crash. Today the crash site located off the inland side of the road between Popondetta and Oro Bay.

Justin Taylan visited the site in 2003:
"Villagers talk about several bones [part of skull and arm bone] found at the site. They took the bones and buried them in village cemetery. I left them with a U. S. flag for the grave that they were happy to accept it."

Kieth Hopper adds:
"I found the USAAF serial number stamped into a cowl panel beside the manufacture number. This is quite rare. I have only seen it once before, on the F-4 41-2140. I suspect it was stamped in theatre upon arrival and the practice was discontinued as more and more P-38's started to arrive. I have the individual aircraft card for this aircraft. It was officially written off on the 23rd of January 1944 as Converted Missing Enemy Action. I suspect the reference to missing enemy action refers to the immediate lack of access to the crash site due jungle and remoteness and the fact the loss occurred in a combat zone. The land owner is expecting his friend Rob back this week to collect the wreckage which he has already signed over."

Relatives
Charlie Kerr adds:
"There are still living relatives in the Hastings MI area including myself. My step son Tyler Kerr is researching Martin's death on behalf of the family."

References
NARA World War II Army Enlistment Records - Martin P. Hawthorne
USAF Serial Number Search Results - P-38G-1-LO Lightning 42-12711
PNG Museum Aircraft Status Card - P-38 Lightning 42-12711
FindAGrave - Martin P Hawthorne (grave photo)

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Last Updated
November 8, 2019

 

Tech Info
P-38
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