Vought-Sikorsky OS2U Kingfisher
The Kingfisher was the first catapult-launched monoplane observation aircraft operated by the
U. S. Navy (USN).
It came in both float and land-based configurations. Used as an bserver aircraft, anti-submarine aircraft and rescue aircraft.
The most famous incident involving a Kingfisher
was the rescue of Captain Eddie Rickenbacker, who was a passenger aboard B-17D Flying Fortress 40-3089 that ditched October 21, 1942. An OS2U Kingfisher picked up
Rickenbacker and two other crew members (who still remained following a rescue
the previous day) but the Kingfisher could not take off because the load was
too great. The OS2U pilot taxied on the surface over 40 miles to make the
nearest island with everyone aboard!