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Tachikawa Ki-54 Isshiki (Hickory)
Army Type 1 Advanced Trainer
Technical Information

Background
Designed by Ryokichi Endo as an advanced trainer trainer, the Tachikawa Ki-54 was flown as a prototype form during the summer of 1940. A cantilever low-wing monoplane with retractable tailwheel landing gear, it was powered by two wing-mounted Hitachi Ha-13a radial engines. Successful testing led to the initial version intended for pilot training, were ordered during 1941.

The production aircraft was dubbed the Army Type 1 Advanced Trainer Model A (Tachikawa Ki-54a) and known in Japanese as Isshiki (Type 1), this aircraft did not have a Japanese nickname. Allied code name "Hickory".

Ki-54c Transport Version
A transport version was made, Type 1 Advance Trainer Model Hei, Ki-45c . This version was capable of carrying eight passengers. A small number of civilian aircraft were also built, designated the Y-39. Roughly 500 Ki-54c transport versions.

Production
A total of 1,368 were built.

References
Japanese Experimental Transport Aircraft of the Pacific War pages 193-194

Technical Details
Crew  Two, 8 passengers
Engine  2 x Hitachi Ha-13a, 380kW driving two bladed propellers
Span  58 ft 9 in
Length  39 ft 2 in
Height  11 ft 9 in
Maximum Speed  233 mph
Range  597 miles
Armament  none, or 4 x 7.7mm machine guns

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