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  J9Y Kikka    Prototype No. 2
IJN

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USN 1940s

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Paul Mallon c1940s

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Paul Dayton 2016

Aircraft History
Built by Nakajima as the second prototype built. Assigned to the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN). This Kikka was built for airframe load testing with small engine nacelles, as it was not to be flown. This aircraft was never flown.

Wartime History
At the end of the Pacific War, this prototype was captured in Japan and inspected by U. S. Navy (USN) intelligence. This fuselage plus two Ne-20 jet engines were loaded aboard USS Barnes CVE-20 with other captured aircraft and departed Japan on November 3, 1945 bound the United States.

Postwar
During 1946, the engines were sent to the Chrysler Corporation. A working engine was assembled with the parts of the two Ne-20s, and tested for 11 hours and 46 minutes, and evaluated in a secret report "Japanese NE-20 turbo jet engine. Construction and performance", completed during 1947.

During the late 1940s, the Kikka was stored at NAS Patuxent River in Maryland and NAS Norfolk during the 1940s, and later the fuselage was displayed outdoors at NAS Willow Grove.

Display
During 1961, this aircraft was donated to the National Air & Space Museum collection as inventory number A19610121000. The Kikka fuselage with the center wing were placed into storage at the NASM Garber Facility. On March 14, 2011 placed on display at the NASM Udvar-Hazy Center.

At the Tokyo Science Museum, one Ne-20 jet engine, design documents and the Chrysler Corporation report are on display.

References
Chrysler Corporation "Japanese NE-20 turbo jet engine. Construction and performance" 1947
National Air and Space Museum - Nakajima Kikka (Orange Blossom)

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Last Updated
January 31, 2018

 

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