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  Lockheed Hudson Mark IIIa Serial Number A16-233 Code KO-N
RAAF
2 Squadron

Former Assignments
1 AD
13 Squadron
5 AD
1 RSU
4 RSU

Pilot  F/O Lynnton A, Martin, 408816 (MIA / KIA) Mornington, VIC
Observer  F/O Marcus C. Wettenhall, 418818 (MIA / KIA) Rosedale, VIC
Radio  F/Sgt Maurice A. Graham, 410337 (POW, executed October 31, 1943, BR)
W/AG  P/O Ralph H. Williams, 416391 (MIA / KIA) Moonee Ponds, VIC
Rear Gunner  F/Sgt Jack W. R. Boanas, 417331 (POW, executed, BR) Darlinghurst, NSW

Crashed  September 8, 1943


Aircraft History
Built by Lockheed. Constructors Number 6483. Assigned to the U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF) as RA-29 serial number 41-36994. Royal Air Force (RAF) serial number FH193. Disassembled and shipped overseas to Australia part of Defense Aid consignment.

Wartime History
During early May 1942 assigned to the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) as Hudson A16-233. On May 6, 1942 reassembled by 1 Air Depot (1 AD) at Laverton Field.

On June 2, 1942 assigned to 2 Squadron but this allotment was canceled sixteen days later. On June 24, 1942 assigned to 13 Squadron. On September 7, 1942 assigned to 5 Air Depot (5 AD), then returned to 13 Squadron on October 13, 1942. Next, on November 13, 1942 assigned to 1 Repair Salvage Unit (1 RSU) then back to 13 Squadron on January 13, 1943. Again to 1 Repair Salvage Unit (1 RSU) on March 22, 1943 then back to 13 Squadron on March 20, 1943. On April 4, 1943 assigned to 2 Squadron. Assigned code KO-N. No known nickname or nose art.

On July 17, 1943 took off from Hughes Field (30 Mile) aboard were F/O O'Neil, Sgt Lord, LAC Lockyer and LAC Rogerson aboard. Returning to land at 3:30pm, this Hudson yawed to the right and ran off the strip damaging the left tire and left propeller airscrew tip. The crew were uninjured in the landing.

On August 19, 1943 assigned to 4 Repair Salvage Unit (4 RSU) then returned to 2 Squadron.

Mission History
On September 8, 1943 took off from Hughes Field (30 Mile) at 8:01 on mission HUG.14 a search over "Horse", an area of the Arafura Sea near the Tanimbar Islands. When this aircraft failed to return it was listed as Missing In Action (MIA). Officially stricken off charge on September 15, 1943.

In fact, this Hudson attacked th Sugi Maru and was shot down by anti-aircraft fire roughly 20 miles north of the Tanimbar Islands. Three of the crew Martin, Wettenhall and Williams were killed in the crash. The other two crew members Graham and Boanas were captured and became Prisoners Of War (POW).

Both were interrogated by Lt General Matsumoto before being transferred to to the Kempei Tai at Victoria Barracks, Ambon. During October 1943, Graham and Boanas were executed by Lt. Hara and afterwards buried in a mass grave at Benting.

Postwar
On August 22, 1946, a RAAF Searcher Team led by Ft Lt Belcher investigated the loss of this crew, interrogated Japanese Army guard Yasumura Okama and Sgt Manuhutu an Ambonse in the Dutch Army who both guarded Grahm and Boanas.

During 1947 the remains of Grahm and Boanas were exhumed from a mass grave at Benting and later identified.

Memorials
The entire crew was officially declared dead on September 8, 1943. All are memorialized on the Northern Territory Memorial. Martin on panel 5. Wettenhall on panel 8. Williams on panel 8.

After the recovery of the remains of Graham and Boanas, both were buried at Ambon War Cemetery. Graham at 2. B. 14. Boanas at 2. B. 13.

References
Missing Air Crew Report 11060 (MACR 11060) mentions P-40N A29-688 on pages 14-16
Page 14: "Australian War Graves Unit Ambon Paren For Flight Officer Lt. Belcher RAAF Searcher Officer Paren August 30, 1946"
Page 16: "On the 22nd August [1946] I located Yasumura Okama the Japanese who guarded Grahm and Boanas (Hudson A16-233). I interrogated him also Sgt Manuhutu an Ambonese in the Dutch Army, who recognized the photos."
CWGC - Lynnton Ainsley Martin
CWGC - Marcus Cedric Wettenhall
CWGC - Maurice Anthony Graham
CWGC - Ralph Henry Williams
CWGC -
ADF Serials - Hudson A16-233
RAAFDB - Hudson A16-233

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Last Updated
February 4, 2018

 

Tech Info
Hudson

MIA
MIA / POW
3 Missing
2 Prisoners

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