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  F4U-1A Corsair Bureau Number 17833  
USMC
MAG-22
VMF-422

Pilot  1st Lt. Robert P. Moran (MIA / KIA, BR) Depue, IL
MIA  January 25, 1944


Aircraft History
Built by Chance-Vought. Delivered to the U. S. Navy (USN) as F4U-1A Corsair bureau number 17833. Disassembled and shipped to Oahu.

Wartime History
Assigned to the U. S. Marine Corps (USMC), Marine Air Group 22 (MAG-22), Marine Fighting Squadron 422 "Flying Buccaneers" VMF-422. No known squadron number, nickname or nose art. This Corsair was flown from Ewa Field to Ford Island Airfield. On January 16, 1944 one of twenty-four Corsairs from VMF-422 loaded aboard USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68).

On January 24, 1944 took off from USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68) within sight of Tarawa (Betio) then landed at Tarawa Airfield (Hawkins Field).

Mission History
On January 25, 1944 took off at 9:45am from Tarawa Airfield (Hawkins Field) piloted by 1st Lt. Robert P. Moran as one of twenty-three Corsairs from VMF-422 led by F4U Corsair 17945 piloted by C. O. Major John S. Mac Laughlin, Jr. on a ferry flight bound for Nanumea Airfield then the second phase of the flight would be to Funafuti Airfield for use during "Operation Flintlock" in the Marshall Islands. One Corsair did not take off due to starter trouble.

On take off, the weather was good with cumulus clouds at 1,500' and 3/10 overcast. The flight proceeded without a navigational escort. The formation flew in three flights wide spread and were scheduled to reach Nanumea Airfield after 2 hours 30 minutes at 12:25pm.

By 12:10pm the formation was flying at an altitude of 2,000' when they encountered a weather front that developed into a violent tropical storm. Visibility was so poor no forward visibility was possible and the formation descended to sea level.

When the rest of the formation exited the storm, five Corsairs were separated: this aircraft plus F4U Corsair 18024 piloted by Captain John F. Rogers, F4U Corsair 18025 piloted by 1st Lt Earl C. Thompson, F4U piloted by W. A. Wilson and F4U piloted by J. E. Hansen were separated and radio contact was maintained with three including Moran.

At 3:05pm, Moran radioed Captain Jeans that he was out of fuel and would bail out over Nui Atoll. He was advised to ditch instead but bailed out and landed off the coral reef and became entangled in his shroud lines and likely drown.

When this Corsair failed to arrive it was officially declared Missing In Action (MIA). In total, twenty-two of the Corsairs in the formation ditched or went missing. Afterwards, it was deemed the flight was a failure because the flight proceeded with an outdated weather forecast and because Brigadier General Lewie G. Merritt failed to authorize an escort plane with a navigator nor did his staff alert the destination to about their intended arrival to provide radio assistance or aid in rescue efforts.

Recovery of Remains
The next day, native people in Niu Atoll located Moran's body entangled in his parachute shroud lines and buried his body on the island. Later or postwar, his remains were recovered and transported to Oahu for permanent burial.

Memorials
Moran was officially declared dead on the day of the mission. He is buried at National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific (Punchbowl) at section P, gave 419.

References
Navy Serial Number Search Results - F4U-1A Corsair 17833
USN Overseas Aircraft Loss List January 1944 - F4U Corsair 17833
NARA "Marine Fighting Squadron Four Twenty Two - 1 January 1943 to 31 December 1944" page 33-40, appendix D, page 2
(Page 33) "Twenty-four (24) Corsairs were ferried to Ford Island from MCAS, Ewa, on 16 January [1944] and put aboard CVE USS Kalinin Bay. It was planned to fly them from the CVE to Tarawa, Gilbert Islands on approaching within fifty miles of that base and from there to a newly won airstrip in the Marshalls. On 17 January twenty seven pilots and three enlisted men boarded the Kalinin Bay, sailing the following day. On the morning of 24 January the aircraft were catapulted as planned almost within sight of Tarawa and landed shortly after on Hawkins Field.
On 25 January at 0945, twenty-three (23) of the Corsairs took off for Nanumea, the first of a two phase flight to Funafuti, Ellice Islands. One Corsair was left behind when it developed starter trouble. The planes took off in good weather with cumulus clouds at 1500 feet, 3/10 overcast,"
(Page 34) "without a navigational escort. Major MacLaughlin led a standard fighter formation with three flights wide spread. The ETA at Nanumea was 1225 and all check points were hit. An R4D [Dakota] heading in the opposite direction, was sighted by several pilots. At 1210 the squadron then at an altitude of 2,000 feet, encountered a severe weather front, the first of two.
On emerging from this front, it was discovered that Captain J. F. Rogers, Lts. E. C. Thompson, R. P. Moran, W. A. Wilson and J. E. Hansen had lost formation and disappeared from sight. Radio contact was maintained with three of the above pilots -- but they had been hopelessly separated."
(Page 37) "At 1505 Lt. Moran informed Captain Jeans that he was out of gas and was about to bail out over Nui [Atoll]. Captain Jeans advised him to make a water landing, but he elected to do the alternative. Apparently he made a safe landing off the reef but became entangled in his shroud lines. This caused him to drown in the heavy surf. He was buried by the natives on that island the next day."
(Appendix D Casualty List, page 2) Moran, Robert P., 1st Lt., Depue, Illinois, Dead, (operational) 25 January 1944 (See Flight Echelon Narrative [pages 33-40])."
History of the Marine Corps Aviation in World War II pages 228-230
FindAGrave - 1LT Robert P. Moran (grave photo)

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Last Updated
January 27, 2019

 

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