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  F4U-1 Corsair Bureau Number 02187  
USMC
VMF-124

Pilot  1st Lt. Gordon Lee Lyon, Jr., O-011950 (MIA / KIA) MS
MIA  February 14, 1943 "Saint Valentines Day Masacre"


Aircraft History
Built by Vought. Delivered to the U. S. Navy (USN) as F4U-1 Corsair bureau number 02187. Disassembled and shipped overseas to the South Pacific and reassembled.

Wartime History
Assigned to the United States Marine Corps (USMC) to squadron VMF-124 "Whistling Death/Wild Aces". No known nickname or nose art.

Mission History
On February 14, 1943 one of twelve F4U Corsairs that took off from Guadalcanal piloted by 1st Lt. Gordon Lee Lyon, Jr. on a mission to escort nine PB4Y-1 Liberators from VB-101 on a daylight bombing mission against Japanese shipping off southern Bougainville. The escort also included ten P-38 Lightings from the 347th Fighter Group, 339th Fighter Squadron.

Over the target, the PB4Y-1s bombed the Hatachi Maru and damaging another ship. The formation was intercepted by A6M Zeros and A6M2-N Rufes from Shortland. When this aircraft failed to return, Lyon was officially declared Missing In Action (MIA).

Due to the severe American losses, this mission was dubbed the "Saint Valentines Day Massacre".

Memorials
Lyon was officially declared dead on February 14, 1944. He earned the Purple Heart, posthumously. Lyon is memorialized on the tablets of the missing at Manila American Cemetery.

References
Navy Serial Number Search Results - F4U-1 Corsair 02187

USN Overseas Aircraft Loss List February 1943 - F4U Corsair 02187
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Gordon Lee Lyon Jr.
FindAGrave - 1Lt Gordon Lee Lyon, Jr (photo, tablets of the missing photo)
History of Marine Corps Aviation in World War II page 135
"On 14 February, their third day in the combat area, the F4U pilots learned that Japanese flyers had not lost their skill or aggressiveness. About 50 well-alerted Zeros were waiting from the raid on Kahili Field in southern Bougainville. The Japanese shot down two F4U's, two Navy PB4Y's, two P-40's [sic, those were lost February 13, 1943] and the entire top cover of four P-38's, with a loss to themselves of only three Zeros, [sic only one was lost], one of which collided with a F4U. This 'Saint Valentine's Day massacre' was a painful blow to the Guadalcanal-based flyers of all services."
Corsair page 30
"Two F4U's were also lost with their pilots, Lieutenants Lyon and Stewart.... only three Zekes were downed [incorrect, one Japanese plane was lost] and one of them had collided with Lyon's Corsair..."
Thanks to Paul Roales for additional information

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Last Updated
February 4, 2018

 

Tech Info
F4U

MIA
MIA
1 Missing

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