Yokosuka E14Y (Glen)
This floatplane was a submarine
based. This type surveyed the effects of the Pearl Harbor attack
ten days later. Also, another another Glen was launched off the
West Coast of the USA that dropped bombs in the forest of Oregon
from submarine I-25. In other regions, the Glen flew reconnaissance
over Australia, New Zealand, the Aleutians and other locations.
Being very slow it was an easy
target for Allied aircraft if spotted. Their reconnaissance flights
(normally around 5 hours duration) were usually carried out under
the cover of darkness to avoid such an occurrence. The "Glen"
was armed with a 7.7 mm machine gun mounted in the rear cockpit. A total of 125 aircraft were built by K.
K. Watanabe Tekkosho between 1941 and 1943.
Pearl Harbor Reconnaissance
"Glen" surveyed the effects of the Pearl
Harbor attack on December 16, 1941, and again in January and
February 1942, submarines launched aircraft made flights over
Storage on Submarines
Glens were operated from Japanese submarines
I-7 to I-11, and I-15 to I-35. It was stowed in a cylindrical
water tight hangar at the front of Japanese "I" type
submarines. The "Glen" was able to be broken down into
12 components for storage in the hangar. The "Glen",
once assembled on the deck of the submarine, was launched from
a 20 meter inclined steel tracked catapult on the forward deck.
Glen Attack on Oregon
Warrant Flying Officer Nobuo Fujita, with
his enlisted air crewman, flew the only bombing missions against
the continental US. He was conscripted into the Japanese Navy
in 1932 and soon took flight instruction. He served in submarines
I-23 and I-25 before becoming an instructor during the remainder
of the war. In August, 1942, the I-25 arrived in waters off Cape
Blanco, Oregon. With Commander Meiji Tagami in command, the large
submarine surfaced and crewmen scrambled onto the deck, opened
the hangar, and rapidly fitted wings, stabilizers, rudder, and
floats to the Yokosuka E14Y Glen reconnaissance aircraft. A pair
of special incendiary bombs were attached to wing racks, and Warrant
Flying Officer Nobuo Fujita and Petty Officer Shoji Okuda climber
into the cockpit and were catapulted into the air. The floatplane
flew inland some fifty miles, and the fliers released the two
firebombs over the Oregon forests. The plane returned to come
down safely on the water alongside the I-25, and was taken back
on board the submarine. A second firebombing mission was flown.
These were the first air attacks ever made against the continental