Boeing B-29 Superfortress
During WWII it was used only in the
Pacific by the 20th Air Force against the Japanese. It was a very advanced
bomber for it's day, with pressurized crew compartments and remote-controlled
While envisioned as a high altitude daylight bomber, it's
greatest successes were low-level nighttime raids dropping incendiary bombs
on the combustible Japanese cities. The B-29 "Enola Gay" 44-86292 and B-29 "Bockscar" 44-27297 are famous for dropping the A-bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which
ended the war.
After the war it became the main means of intended
delivery for nuclear bombs. B-29s were also used during in the Korean War.
Built by Boeing, also Martin in Omaha, Nebraska (production "MO") and Bell-Atlantic (production "BA").
Modified for weather reconnaissance mission. These bombers had a observation position above the central fuselage. They conducted weather an nuclear weapon test air sampling tests and data collection.
Modified for photographic reconnaissance.
Postwar, the USAF converted some B-29s into a fuel tanker version, KB-29M and KB-29P.