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  B-24J-45-CO Liberator Serial Number 42-73453 Nose 453
13th AF
307th BG
424th BS

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USAAF c1944

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USAAF May 15, 1944

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307th BG c1944

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307th BG c1944

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BentStar 2004

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BentStar 2005
Pilot  2nd Lt. Jack S. M. Arnett, O-809803 (MIA / KIA, BR) Friendly, WV
Co-Pilot  F/O William B. Simpson, T-002389 (MIA / KIA, BR) Winston Salem, NC
Navigator  2nd Lt. Frank J. Arhar, O-709240 (MIA / KIA, BR) Lloydell, PA
Bombardier 2nd Lt. Arthur J. Schumacher, O-762989 (POW / MIA) MN
Engineer  T/Sgt Robert J. Stinson, 39167263 (MIA / KIA, BR) San Bernardino, CA
Asst Engineer / Nose Gunner  S/Sgt Jimmie Doyle, 38346235 (MIA / KIA, BR) McKinney, TX
Radio  T/Sgt Charles T. Goulding, 32626618 (MIA / KIA, BR) Marlboro, NY
Assistant Radio  S/Sgt John Moore, 38512637 (POW / MIA) AR
Gunner  S/Sgt Earl E. Yoh, 35558843 (MIA / KIA, BR) OH

Tail Gunner  S/Sgt Leland D. Price, 15080991 (MIA / KIA, BR) OH

Photographer  Sgt Alexander R. Vick, 6553144 (POW / MIA) Campbell, CA
Crashed  September 1, 1944 at 11:06
MACR  8641

Aircraft History
Built by Consolidated at San Diego. Delivered to the U. S. Army painted in olive drab paint. This B-24 was equipped with SCR521 sea search radar. Ferried overseas via Hawaii then across the Pacific to the South Pacific.

Wartime History
Assigned to the 13th Air Force, 307th Bombardment Group, 424th Bombardment Squadron. Nose number 453. No known nickname. The left side of the nose had the nose art of a seated Vargas girl wearing a night gown and high heels and one leg folded was painted on the left side of the nose.

When lost, this B-24 had engine serial numbers R-1830-65A serial number HP437702, HP437793, HP436468 and 42-40966. Aboard were 50 caliber machine guns serial numbers: 935616, 935614 (tail) 935179, 935727 (ball turret), 936039, 765025 (top turret), 935952 (left waist), 935577 (right waist). Usually, the crew of this B-24 flew with pilot Lt. Norman Coorssen. Prior to this mission, Coorssen, his co-pilot, and their photographer were replaced by Arnett, Simpson and Vick on the September 1, 1944 mission when lost.

Mission History
On September 1, 1944 took off from Wakde Airfield (APO 719) on a bombing mission against Koror in the Palau Islands. Weather was unlimited visibility and weather excellent and reached the target area at 17,000'. Hit by two bursts of Japanese anti-aircraft fire in the left wing, causing the No. 2 engine to catch fire and the bombs were immediately salvoed and slid out of formation descending. One person was observed to parachute out and landed on a coral reef approximately 1 1/4 miles south east of the southern tip of Babeldaub. The bomber appeared to be under control making a steep turn to the right in an effort to extinguish the fire. Another person was observed to bail out, their parachute did not open until near the sea.

Suddenly, the left wing folded up and broke off the bomber, causing it to go into an uncontrolled spin that broke the fuselage into two pieces. The wreckage crashed into the sea between Koror and Babeldaub. At least two of the crew were observed to successfully bail out and deploy their parachutes. The other crew members went down with the bomber.

Roughly an hour later, three B-24s piloted by Lewis, Hunter and Randolph circled Babeldaub and the vicinity of the crash at an altitude of 4,000' and searched for any surviving crew members. No trace of the crew was seen, although a small launch was observed in the area bound for Koror.

Fates of the Crew
In fact, three of the crew bailed out and reached a village where they were captured by the Japanese and became prisoners of war. Later, all three were executed.

On January 26, 2004 this bomber was located due to the efforts of Bent Prop and Pat Scannon on a coral head approximately two miles west of Babeldaub Island. The rear fuselage was also located, separated from the rest of the bomber. Also found was the nose section and starboard wing.

The bomber was officially investigated by JPAC on four occasions over a four year period spanning 2004-2008.

1) During February 2004, Bent Prop took JPAC to this B-24, while they were in Palau working on a recovery of remains from FG-1 Corsair 76471.

2) During April-May 2005 JPAC returned and recovered remains from the bomber
Reference: Bent Prop P-MAN VII (2005) report

3) During January-February 2007 JPAC augmented by US Navy divers from the Mobile Underwater Diving Salvage Unit 1, deployed to Palau to conduct an underwater excavation for sixty days and recovered remains. References: JPAC News Release 07-01 January 23, 2007 and Bent Prop P-MAN IX Final Report.

4) During January-February 2008 the wreckage was again visited by JPAC and remains were recovered. During the operation, US Navy Admiral Keating and his wife visited this site. References JPAC News Release "JPAC to conclude mission, found remains, February 25, 2008" and Bent Prop P-MAN X Update #13.

On February 12, 2009 eight members of the crew: Arnett, Arhar, Simpson, Goulding, Stinson, Doyle, Price and Yoh were positively identified and announced in a Department of Defense / DPMO news release dated April 30, 2010.

Three other members of the crew are still listed as missing: Schumacher, Moore and Vick). During 2009, BentProp continued to search for them. Reference: JPAC as part of the PMAN XI (2009) report.

Eight of the crew: Arnett, Simpson, Arhar, Stinson, Price, Goulding, Yoh and Doyle were officially declared dead the day of the mission. Three of the crew: Moore, Schumacher and Vick were officially declared dead on March 15, 1946. All are memorialized on the tablets of the missing at Manila American Cemetery.

Following their identification, on April 29, 2010 eight members of the crew: Arnett, Arhar, Simpson, Goulding, Stinson, Doyle, Price and Yoh were buried at Arlington National Cemetery in group burial at section 60 G 9440-9441.

Arnett has a memorial plaque at Emmanuel Episcopal Church Memorial Garden in Orlando, FL. After the recovery of remains, he was buried at Friendly Cemetery in Friendly, WV.

Arhar has a memorial marker at Saint Joseph Cemetery in Beaverdale, PA.

Stinson was buried on October 30, 2009 at Riverside National Cemetery at section 49A, site 74 after his remains were recovered.

Doyle had a memorial marker at Lamesa Memorial Park in Lamesa, TX. After the recovery of his remains, he was buried alongside his wife, Myrle Dean.

Moore has a memorial marker at Lakeside Cemetery in Des Arc, AR.
Yoh has a memorial marker at Mohr Cemetery in Van Wert, OH.
Price has a memorial marker and grave at Riverside Cemetery in Defiance, OH.

Nancy Doyle (daughter in law of S/Sgt Jimmie Doyle)
"Doyle was born born Oct. 29, 1918. My husband, Tommy, and I traveled to Palau where my husband dove on the plane. He had learned to scuba dive and had been certified only 2 weeks before the dive."

Tommy Doyle (son of S/Sgt Jimmie Doyle)
With the help of Bent Prop, Tommy Doyle (son of SSgt Jimmie Doyle) SCUBA dived the wreck during March 2005. His visit is documented in the Last Flight documentary. Reference: P-MAN VII Attachment 2.

Janet Potts (niece of Earl Yoh):
"Earl Yoh was my Uncle and this is the first photo I've seen of him with the crew."

Bob Kay adds:
"My wife's uncle was 2nd Lt. Arthur Schumacher bombardier on the airplane when it went down in Palau. She's going to be a member of the BentProp P-MAN XVI mission this spring to Palau"

Missing Air Crew Report 8641 (MACR 8641)
NARA World War II Prisoners of War Data File - Arthur J Schumacher
NARA World War II Prisoners of War Data File - John Moore
NARA World War II Prisoners of War Data File - Alex R Vick
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Jack S. M. Arnett "recovered and identified on Feb 12, 2009"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - William B. Simpson "recovered and identified on Feb 12, 2009"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Frank J. Arhar "recovered and identified on Feb 12, 2009"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Arthur J. Schumacher
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Robert J. Stinson "his remains were recovered"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Jimmie Doyle "remains have been recovered"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Charles T. Goulding "recovered and identified on Feb 12, 2009"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - John Moore
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Earl E. Yoh "recovered and identified on Feb 12, 2009"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Leland D. Price "recovered and identified on Feb 12, 2009"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Alexander R. Vick
FindAGrave - Jack S M Arnett (Arlington grave photo)
FindAGrave - Jack S. M. Arnett (Emmanuel Episcopal Church Memorial Garden plaque)
FindAGrave - Lieut Jack Sterling Arnett (airport arrival photo)
FindAGrave - William B Simpson (Arlington grave photo)
FindAGrave - Frank J "Big Stoop" Arhar (Arlington grave photo)
FindAGrave - Frank Arhar (memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Robert J Stinson (Arlington grave photo)
FindAGrave - Sgt Robert J Stinson (Riverside grave photo)
FindAGrave - Jimmie Doyle (Arlington grave photo)
FindAGrave - Sgt Jimmie Doyle (Lamesa grave, memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Charles T Goulding (Arlington grave photo)
FindAGrave - John Moore, Jr.
FindAGrave - Earl Ellsworth Yoh (Arlington grave photo)
FindAGrave - Sgt Earl Ellsworth Yoh (Mohr grave photo)
FindAGrave - Leland D Price (Arlington grave photo)
FindAGrave - Leland D Price (Riverside Cemetery grave)
Tia Belau “Search comes up blank” October 27, 2000 "one or possibly two B-24s that the Japanese anti-aircraft guns on 25 August [B-24J 44-40596] and a second on 1 September 1944 [B-24J 42-73453]"
BentProp P-MAN VI Final Report, 2004 reporting initial discovery of B-24
JPAC continues recovery mission February 4, 2008
JPAC to conclude mission, found remains February 25, 2008
Orlando Sentinel "At long last, pilot returns from World War II" December 8, 2009
The Bent Star Project - MIA Updates
DoD News Release "U.S. Airmen MIA From WWII Are Identified (Arnett, Arhar, Simpson, Goulding, Stinson, Doyle, Price, Yoh)" 10-003 April 28, 2010
DPMO - Recently Accounted For - April 30, 2010
Philadelphia Inquirer "The lost, now found, laid to rest at Arlington" by April 30, 2010
NBC Nightly News "World War II Airmen Laid to Rest, 65 Years Later" April 30, 2010
Last Flight Home interviews Doyle's relatives & footage of the B-24
Vanished: The Sixty-Year Search for the Missing Men of World War II by Wil S. Hylton details the story of this B-24's discovery, recovery and identification of the crew
Painting "Mission Palau" by Mark Pestana depicts 42-73452 in formation
Thanks to Pat Scannon / Dan O'Brien of Bent Prop / BentStarProject and Pete Johnson for additional information

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Last Updated
June 4, 2019


Tech Information

8 Identified
3 Prisoners / Missing

Photo Archive

Sept 1, 1944


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