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  B-17F-20-BO "Black Jack / The Joker's Wild" Serial Number 41-24521  
USAAF
5th AF
43rd BG
63rd BS

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Cy Peabody, 1981
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via Pride of Seattle
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1943
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July 1943
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Ian Williams 1998
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Rod Pearce 2000

Pilot  Lt. Ralph K. De Loach, O-440981 (rescued) St. Petersburg, FL
Co-Pilot Lt Joseph H. Moore, O-426411 (rescued) Aliquippa, PA
Navigator  Lt Charles H. Shaver, O-797085 (rescued) Lee, MA
Bombardier  2nd Lt. Herman J. Dias, O-729959 (rescued) San Francisco, CA
Engineer  SSgt Delbert C. Smith, 39166314 (WIA) Anahiem, CA
Radio  TSgt George Prezioso, 12009388 (rescued) Belleville, NJ
Ball Turret  Joseph F. Wilson, 13052496 (rescued) Philadelphia, PA
Waist Gunner Private Daniel Clinton, 11037309 (rescued) Brockton, MA
Waist Gunner  Cpl Jim Peterson, 17043264 (rescued) Mason City, IA
Tail Gunner  SSgt Paul J. Blasewitz, 12028587 (rescued) AR
Ditched  July 11, 1943
MACR  none

Aircraft History
Built by Boeing at Seattle at the cost of $314,109. Constructors Number 3206. On July 23, 1943 delivered to the U. S. Army Air Force (USAF). This B-17 was flown to Lowry Field for outfitting then to Hamilton Field.

Wartime History
On August 30, 1942 this B-17 took off from Hamilton Field pilot by Lt. William O'Brien on a ferry flight via Hickam then across the Pacific to Australia.

On September 7, 1943 assigned to 43rd Bombardment Group, 63rd Bombardment Squadron. Assigned to pilot Captain Kenneth D. McCullar with crew chief was DeAngelis. McCullar nicknamed the bomber "Black Jack" because the serial number ended in "21". The right side of the nose had the nose art of two playing cards: a jack and ace that equal 21 in the card game of blackjack.

During late 1943, this B-17 was field modified by McCullar with an extra .50 caliber machine gun rigged into the nose to fire forward that was triggered from the pilot's control yoke.

On November 24, 1942 took off piloted by Captain McCullar on a mission against Japanese destroyers in the Huon Gulf. On the first bomb run, this B-17 performed a skip bombing attack from 200' with bombs impacting off the stern of Hayashio. Aboard this B-17, anti-aircraft fire hit ammunition and started a fire in the tail section that was successfully extinguished. On the second bomb run, this B-17 was hit again and three crew were injured. On the third run the left outboard engine was hit and the engine did not feather and controls damaged. McCullar made two more attacks from higher altitude and the right outboard engine failed due to a hit in the fuel system. Out of bombs, they departed. On the return flight the damaged left engine's propeller broke off and spun off. Loosing altitude, the crew jettisoned all equipment possible and managed to restart the right engine and managed to climb over the Owen Stanley Mountains back to Port Moresby. Later that night, Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) Beaufort crews reported a destroyer sinking. During the B-17 attacks, Hayashio was hit and later scuttled.

After being repaired from damaged sustained on this mission, assigned to McCullar's co-pilot Lt. Harry Staley, until he completed his tour of duty. Staley added to the left side of the nose the nickname "The Joker's Wild" with the nose art of a large joker playing card above the pitot tube.

On February 14, 1943, this B-17 was again on a bombing mission over Rabaul. Afterwards, repair until April 1943, then completed fourteen more combat missions.

Mission History
On July 11, 1943 after midnight took from 7-Mile Drome near Port Moresby piloted by Lt. Ralph K. De Loach with co-pilot Lt Joseph H. Moore and an ad-hoc crew on a bombing mission against Rabaul. Aboard, waist gunner Private Clinton was on his first combat mission. Over the target, this B-17 developted problems with the no. 3 and no. 4 engines on the right wing but the bomb load was e successfully released over the target.

Returning, this B-17 was caught in a violent storm, with the two engines on the right wing continuing to malfunction. The pilots could not hold a straight course and got lost and ran low on fuel. Since co-pilot Moore had previously ditched a B-17, DeLoach handed the controls over to him. The B-17 ditched into the sea off Cape Vogel near Kakau and the Makau Mission at Boga Boga.

Fates of the Crew
During the ditching, three of the crew were injured. The worst injury was SSgt Delbert C. Smith who had been seated between the two pilots and suffered a broken back. The entire crew escaped the aircraft, deployed their life rafts an were aided ashore by friendly villagers who gave them food and shelter in their village.

Nearby, Australian Coastwatcher Eric Foster observed the bomber sent a radio message to Milne Bay to notify air-sea rescue about the ditching and then went to Boga Boga where the crew had already been taken ashore by natives.

Rescue
The next day, Seagull A2-19 arrived and evacuated the three wounded crew to Goodenough Island. Two days later, a PT boat rescued the remainder of the crew and transported them Goodenough Island where they were then flown from Vivigani Airfield back to 7 Mile Drome.

Afterwards, the unhurt crew members got two weeks leave in Sydney before returning to combat duties. Afterwards, the crew earned awarded awards for their role on the July 11, 1943 mission. DeLoach and Moore earned the Silver Star. The other eight Blasewitz, Clinton, Dias, Peterson, Prezioso, Shaver, Smith and Wilson earned the Air Medal for this mission.

Steve Birdsall adds:
"As part of the 'Black Jack' research we found Fifth Air Force General Orders No 197, containing the Air Medal citations for Blasewitz, Clinton, Dias, Peterson, Prezioso, Shaver, Smith and Wilson. The citations state the following: 'after leaving the target, and flying through turbulent storms and rain for four hours and with fuel running low, the aircraft made a crash-landing on a beach'."

Wreckage
The B-17 settled at a depth of 45m o off a coral reef, narrowly missing deeper water where it might never have been found. The nose section was crushed from either the landing or impacting the bottom when it sank.

After hearing stories from the locals about a large aircraft the diched off their village, Rodney Pearce, David Pennefather and Bruce Johnson

On December 27, 1986 discovered by SCUBA diver Rodney Pearce. also present were David Pennefather and Bruce Johnson.  Nearly intact, the nose is torn and crumpled from impacting the seafloor nose first. Aside from the two waist guns and radio transmitters, jettisoned prior to ditching, all other weapons and gear were still aboard.

Rod Pearce recalls:
"We were very excited when we found it. We had found the serial number, but did not know the history initially. I sent the serial number to to my friend Richard Leahy and informed us the history of the bomber, the most famous B-17 in the SWPA and contacted historian Steve Birdsall, who was very excited. At a later date, he proposed the idea of making the documentary Black Jack's Last Mission. I corresponded with the tail gunner, Paul Blasewitz who wrote me a lovely letter after we found the bomber. He told me when he saw the postmark of 'Lae' he just stared at the letter for days. He told me he had a Thompson Sub-machine gun aboard, but we could never find it. When the bomber ditched, he was in the radio compartment with a parachute against his back, and the Thompson on his lap. They hit the water hard and skipped once or twice, then came to rest. Water started to fill the plane he lost, then exited through the radio hatch. Also, he told me about a "Bowie" survival knife in the tail, which we found. The blade was rusted away, but the guard was there. We also found some 30 caliber ammunition in boxes in the nose. Waist gunner Jim Peterson lived in Miami, Florida when it was found. He read an article about a bomber being discovered in New Guinea. He remembered being seated next to Blasewitz when they ditched. He recalled worrying what was going to be outside - if they would be shot or eaten by locals."

References
USAF Serial Number Search Results - B-17F-20-BO Flying Fortress 41-24521
"24521 (63rd BS, *Black Jack--The Joker's Wild*) ditched Jul 11, 1943 during raid on Rabaul. The wreck is still down there."
Fifth Air Force General Orders No 197, containing the Air Medal citations for Blasewitz, Clinton, Dias, Peterson, Prezioso, Shaver, Smith and Wilson
PNG Museum Aircraft Status Card - B-17F Flying Fortress 41-24521
Black Jack's Last Mission (DVD) by Steve Birdsall
Warbirds "Black Jack's Last Mission" by Steve Birdsall Sept / Oct 1989
National Geographic "Ghosts of War" page 426-427
Winged Ghosts of the Pacific includes dive footage of the wreck
Pride of Seattle pages 10-11, 15
Ken's Men Against The Empire Volume 1 pages 60, 68-69, 73, 89, 90, 92, 128, 216, 221, 230, 244-246, 325, 337, 339, 341, 353, 354, 367
Thanks to Rod Pearce and Steve Birdsall for additional information

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Last Updated
October 23, 2018

 

Tech Info
B-17

SCUBA
45m

File
George Prezioso

File
Paul Blasewitz Account

DVD
Black Jack's Last Mission

Photos
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