Built by Nakajima, estimated date of assembly early September 1943. At the factory, painted with green upper surfaces and gray lower surfaces. The fuselage Hinomaru markings had a 75mm white outline. This Zero was equipped with servo tabs.
Delivered to the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) as A6M2 Model 21 Zero manufacture number 51553. Assigned to an unknown Kōkūtai, likely the 253 Kokutai with tail code 313 with a single white stripe on the rear fuselage. This Zero was abandoned at Kavieng Airfield on New Ireland.
This Zero was one of two wrecked Zeros abandoned in the vicinity of Kavieng Airfield, one with the manufacture number 51553 visible on the fusealge stencil.
During the 1960s, both Zeros were recovered by a Department Civil Aviation (DCA) employee and assembled into a externally complete Zero that was placed on a concrete pedistal at Kavieng. In the 1960s, the tail rudder fabric was repaired.
Thomas King (Pacific Islands Monthly, June 1969)
"From what I have been told and have been able to figure out by
the condition of the Zero, two model 21 Zero wrecks were found in the
jungle around Kavieng airstrip by a DCA employee who assembled one of
the the serial number being 51553."
During 1967, this Zero was acquired by Australian Thomas
who wanted to recover a plane from Papua New Guinea before retiring
to Australia. He arranged for the donation of Wirraway
A20-13 to the PNG
Museum, and was allowed to recover this plane, and
it into three major components for transport to Australia.
erupted with the PNG government over the salvage and Mr. King attempted to hide the plane's identity for export. It was
meticulously repainted with bogus
manufacutre number 11593, and bogus victory markings on the side fuselage. Exported to Australia with this false identity.
to the United States Air Force Museum (USAF Museum). Shipped to the United States, this Zero was stored outside for
ten years until it became a candidate for restoration.
During the early 2000s, restored by Century Aviation to static condition. Accurately, the Zero's manufacture number
5553 matches the plane's original identity. The Zero was painted in the markings of A6M2 Zero painted overall gray with tail code A1-3-102 indicating assignment to Zuiho after November 1, 1942. By September 2004, placed on display at the USAF
Production figures of the Mitsubishi/Nakajima A6M Zero by Jim Long
Century Aviation - Restorations - 1943 Mitsubishi Zero via Wayback Machine July 3, 2012
Century Aviation - Restorations - 1943 Mitsubishi A6M2 Type 21 Zero
"We restored this aircraft for the United States Air Force Museum in Dayton, Ohio at Wright Patterson Air Force Base. They provided a partially restored airframe and a second airframe that was recovered from the South Pacific Islands several years ago. The aircraft was restored as accurately as possible using factory drawings, photo research and written documentation. The airframe represents the Type 21 as they appeared while operating off of the South Pacific Islands."
Pacific Island Monthly June 1969 "That Zero Wasn't Exactly A Bargain!" pages
Thanks to Jim Lansdale, Jim Long and Ryan Toews for additional information
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December 8, 2018