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  A6M2 Model 21 Zero Manufacture Number 2266 Tail BII-120
IJN
Hiryu

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December 17, 1941

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KT Budde-Jones 2006

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KT Budde-Jones 2007

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Donna Esposito 2011

Pilot  PO1c Shigenori Nishikaichi (POW / suicide)
Force Landed  December 7, 1941


Aircraft History
Built by Mitsubishi, estimated date of assembly July 1941. Delivered to the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) as A6M2 Model 21 Zero manufacture number 2266. Assigned to the Hiryū. Tail code BII-120.

Mission History
On December 7, 1941 took off from Hiryū and participated in the attack on Oahu, strafing Bellows Field to the east of Pearl Harbor. Afterwards, this Zero was running low on fuel and in accordance with instructions force landed on Niihau Island to await the arrival of an I-class submarine assigned to rescue duty.

Fate of the Pilot
After force landing, pilot Nishikaichi met residents of the island who were unaware of the attack on Oahu. The downed pilot's pistol was taken, and he was treated to a luau and befriended a nisei, Yoshio Harada, to whom he confessed about the state of war. During the evening of December 7, 1941 when news of the attack reached the island by radio, Nishikaichi was again questioned.

Nishikaichi played on the loyalties of Japanese-Americans, and convinced Harada to steal back his pistol and a shotgun. Together, they took control of the village, captured two prisoners and salvaged the machine guns from his crashed zero. They fired their weapons wildly and demanded residents to surrender, and managed to control the island for several days.

During the night of December 12th, Hawaiian Kanahele finally cornered and fought them both. In the melee, Kanahele was wounded. Harada took his own life with the shotgun. Nishikaichi was killed by Kanahele, ending the incident.

After a US Army rescue party arrived, Kanahele was later awarded two Presidential Citations: the Purple Heart and Medal of Merit.

The conduct of Yoshio Harada helped to fuel the anti-Japanese sentiments that lead to the decision by President Roosevelt to have Japanese immigrants and Japanese-Americans detained in the United States.

Wreckage
After the crash, Nishikaichi and Harada removed the machine guns from the Zero and towed them on a wagon. Together, they attempted to destroy the Zero by setting fire to the wreckage, but the flames only burned from the firewall to behind the fuselage Hinomaru. The wings, tail and engine remained intact.

On December 17, 1941 photographs of the crash site were taken by by Reverend Denise.

During the war, the wreckage was further salvaged by American personnel cutting off small pieces as souvenirs. Someone tried to cut the fuselage stencil off with a hatchet or ax.

Until August 2006, the wreckage of this Zero remained in situ at the crash site.

Recovery & Display
During August 2006, Syd Jones and his wife KT Buddle-Jones negotiated with the land owners for permission to salvaged the wreckage left on Niihau Island to the Pacific Aviation Museum (Ford Island Museum).

After documenting the crash site, the wreckage was salvaged to the Pacific Aviation Museum and displayed in a diorama depicting the area where it crashed. Nearby, A6M2 Zero 5356 is painted in the markings of this Zero.

Jim Lansdale adds:
"Todd Pederson and I have the lion's share of the less than 100 photos of over four-hundred taken by Reverend Denise of the of the NISHIKAICHI Zero [A6M2 Zero 2266] when he went to NI'IHAU acting on behalf of the USA. From these photos, Todd spotted the serial number applied in stencil form to one of the starboard wing cannon cover. I helped out Mike Wilson via Ryan Toews and gave Ryan all the information for the restoration."

Artifacts
The propeller and hub from this aircraft is displayed at the Quiet Birdmen at Hickam AFB. The tail light is on displayed at the Kaua’i Museum. Four small pieces of aluminum wreckage are displayed at the Kissimmee Air Museum.

References
Other sources state it was damaged by ground fire, causing it to leak fuel, which is incorrect.
Production figures of the Mitsubishi/Nakajima A6M Zero by Jim Long
The Niihau Incident covers the history of this crash & pilot
Flypast Magazine, March 2007 pages 55-57
Air & Space Magazine July 2007 "The Niihau Zero" by Nick D'Alto
J-Aircraft "Pearl Harbor Zero & Other Photos"
J-Aircraft "NI’IHAU Zero Propeller" by Mike Wilson & Jim Lansdale
J-Aircraft "The Nishikaichi / Ni'ihau Zero, part 1 The missing machine gun mystery"
Thanks to Jim Lansdale and Jim Long for additional information.

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Last Updated
August 8, 2018

 

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