Prewar French colony prior that included present day Vietnam and Cambodia. Prewar and during World War II known as "Indochina" or "Indo-China".
Indochina was controlled by the Vichy French government aligned with the Axis powers after the fall of France in 1940. On September 3, 1941 a military agreement signed by French Governor General Jean Decoux, allowed 25,000 Japanese troops the use of northern Indochina as a staging area into China, and the use of three airfield in Indochina. On September 26, 1941, Japanese forces arrived before the signing of the Axis Triple Pact, promoting the United States to enact an embargo against Japan. During the Pacific War, although never invaded by
Allied forces, the country was subjected to aerial and naval
After Japan's surrender in August 1945, the French returned
to their former colony, but immediately faced warfare with the Communist
Viet insurgency, that later led to the Vietnam War.
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March 13, 2014