Timor Island is the easternmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands.
Portuguese explorers claimed all of Timor Island during the 16th century, Dutch settled in West Timor during 1640 forcing the Portuguese to East Timor. During 1799 with the collapse of the Dutch East India Company, the area became a Dutch colony.
During 1914, the border between East Timor and West Timor was established during a treated between the Dutch and Portuguese signed in 1859 and updated 1893.
Timor Island is divide in half politically. The eastern half is the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (East Timor) and the western half is West Timor part of Indonesia.
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May 3, 2016