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During 1943, Australian coastwatcher, Arthur Reginald "Reg" Evans maintained an observation post atop the peak of the island and reported information on enemy movements.
Following the American landings on New Georgia during July 1943, the Japanese strengthened their defenses on Kolombangara in anticipation of an American landing on the island. The island was targeted by American aerial attacks and bombardment from ships for several months prior to the American landings on northern New Georgia during July 1943 and nearby Arundel Island on August 27, 1943.
During October 1943, the Japanese Navy Japanese Navy begin the evacuation of the garrison on Kolombangara using destroyers, assault boats and barges as part of Operation "SE-Go" (Operation SE). The last Japanese were evacuated from the island by October 20, 1943.
On September 25, 1943 US Army soldiers from the 25th Infantry Division with elements of the 27th Infantry made a landing on Kolombangara and established perimeter defense around Vila Airfield. On October 11, 1943 the American troops were relieved by the 1st Battalion, Fiji Infantry. During early 1944, an engineering detachment established vegetable gardens at Vila Airfield for the remainder of the Solomons campaign.
Cove (Vila Harbor, Hamberi Cove)
37mm Infantry Gun Type 11 (1922)
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