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    Palau (Republic of Palau, Belau)  

Location
Palau is comprised of roughly 250 islands that form the western portion of the Caroline Islands in the Pacific Ocean. Also known as "Belau".

Prewar
Prior to World War I, Palau was a German colony with Koror as the capital to administer the Caroline and Marshall Islands. After World War I, Palau was mandated to Japan by the League of Nations. In March 1922 Palau became been the headquarters of the Japanese South Seas Colonial Administration when a civilian administration took over administration from the Japanese Navy.

Wartime History
During 1944, in support of U. S. Army General MacArthur's island hopping campaign to liberate the Philippines a campaign to neutralize Palau with aerial attacks was begun culminating with a U. S. Marine Corps amphibious landing on September 15, 1944. Contrary to what planners believed, both Peleliu and Angaur were heavily fortified and the battle was costly. Afterwards, Palau was developed into an airfield and base area.

  Heavy fighting between Japanese and US Marines
  Small island off Peleliu off Orange Beach 3
  Island to the north of Peleliu
  Island six miles NNE of Peleliu
  Heavily defended by the Japanese
  Lightly defended. National museum
  Island located to the southwest of Koror
  Lightly defended. National museum
  Lightly defended island with mostly civilian population.
  Lightly defended island with mostly civilian population.
  Site of most of the contemporary tourist resorts
  Small island off Palau

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Last Updated
December 27, 2016

 

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