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    Kwajalein Island Kwajalein Atoll Marshall Islands

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Peter Ording 2001

Location
Lat 9° 4' 60N Long 167° 19' 60E  Kwajalein Island is the southernmost and largest island in Kwajalein Atoll in the south atoll. Known to Americans as "Kwaj". Directly to the north is Roi-Namur.

Wartime History
Occupied by the Japanese. Kwajalein was developed by the Japanese Navy who constructed Kwajalein Airfield. Japanese seaplanes also operated from Kwajalein Lagoon, moored to the north in the Kwajalein Atoll (Southern Atoll).

During February 1, 1942 until January 31, 1944 attacked by U. S. Navy and U. S. Army Air Force bombers from the 7th Air Force to reduce the island's defenses in preparation for an American landing to liberate the island.

American missions against Kwajalein
February 1, 1942 - January 28, 1944

During "Operation Flintlock" Kwajalein came under heavy air attack by US Navy aircraft and ships. On January 31, 1944 during "Operation Flintlock", an amphibious landing was made by U. S. Marines Corps (USMC). Kwajalein was liberated by February 4, 1944. Immediately, the island was developed into a major American base and staging area.

Today
Kwajalein and Roi-Namur are American military bases used for radar and tracking. On the islands, traces of the Pacific War on land are almost all but erased, but underwater there are many shipwrecks and some aircraft wrecks that are popular dive sites.

Kwajalein Airfield
Japanese built airfield, captured by Americans and expanded.

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Last Updated
March 3, 2017

 

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