Lat 6° 41' 20S Long 155° 26' 30E Monoitu is located near the Hani River at an elevation of 830' in southern Bougainville. Connected by the Monoitu-Kahili Trail. Also known as "Monitu".
A Catholic mission was established at this location known as Monoitu Mission (Monitu Mission).
During early 1942, Monoitu was occupied by the Japanese Army. By early 1945, Japanese soldiers in the Monoitu area planted gardens and tended to crops to provide subsistence for themselves. During the middle of 1945 the Japanese Army 4th Heavy Artillery Regiment, headquarters was based at Monoitu. On June 10, 1945 assaulted by the Australian Army 24 Infantry Battalion.
Allied missions against Monoitu (Monitu)
November 21, 1943 - June 14, 1944
P-39Q Airacobra Serial Number 42-19587
Pilot Barrington MIA March 5, 1944
After the war, in 1947 a kiap station was established at Monoitu manned by kiaps (patrol officers) Messrs Henderson, Harvey, McDonald, Farlow and McAuley.
NAA [Papua and New Guinea] Photograph of Monoitu house kiap, showing Messrs Henderson, Harvey, McDonald, Farlow and McAuley - 1947 - New Guinea, Bougainville, Monoitu (NAA: A6510, 1961)
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March 25, 2017