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November 1942
Today in World War II Pacific History
Day by day chronology

SUNDAY, 1 NOVEMBER 1942

INDIA AIR TASK FORCE (IATF): During Nov 42, the 9th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Tenth Air Force, based at Karachi with F-4s, sends a flight to operate from Kunming until July 1943 (first mission is 1 Dec).

(POA, Seventh Air Force): HQ 307th Bombardment Group arrives at Hickam Field, Hawaii from the US.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA (SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): The 431st Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Viti Levu, Fiji to Espiritu Santo with B-17s. During Nov, the 98th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy), based on Espiritu Santo, begins operating from Guadalcanal with B-17s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-25s bomb the airfield and dump area at Lae. B-17s strike shipping in the Buin-Faisi, Shortland-Tonolai. Kahili Airfield is also attacked. Lost is B-17E 41-2635. Also, A-20s escorted by P-40s attack Lae. Lost is P-40E 41-36173 (MIA). 41st Fighter Squadron Airacobras take off on a mission to escort three C-47s bound for Pongani. Returning, the fighters encounter bad weather and two are lost: Airacobra piloted by Ingram (MIA) and Airacobra piloted by Zabel (MIA). Force landed at 7-Mile Drome is A-20A "Little Hellion" 40-166. A detachment of the 33d Troop Carrier Squadron, 315th Troop Carrier Group, begins operating from Cairns, Queensland, Australia with C-47s (squadron is enroute to Australia from the US).

MONDAY, 2 NOVEMBER 1942

(POA, Seventh Air Force): The 370th, 371st, 372d and 424th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 307th Bombardment Group (Heavy), arrive at Kipapa Field, Wheeler Field, Kahuku and Mokuleia respectively from the US with B-24s (sea-search missions are flown in Nov-Dec).

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA (SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): The 68th Fighter Squadron, 347th Fighter Group, arrives on New Caledonia from Tongatabu with P-40s (first mission is 12 Nov).

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-26s bomb Dili. B-17s attack shipping NE of Buna, New Guinea while B-25s strike at a convoy S of New Britain, Bismarck Archipelago. Australian ground forces seize Kokoda and Kokoda Airfield after long days of fighting; this will greatly facilitate supply and reinforcement of troops in this area as they push over the mountains toward the Buna-Gona area. Ditched is P-40E 41-5313.

TUESDAY, 3 NOVEMBER 1942

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-26s bomb Dili. B-17s bomb Lae Airfield and wharf at Lae, and attack a ship south of Gasmata.

WEDNESDAY, 4 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Bad weather at Umnak and Dutch Harbor on Unalaska and flooded Adak Airfield preclude missions; a new Adak Airfield runway permits an air alert.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-26s bomb Aileu on Timor. In New Guinea, B-17s and B-25s bomb the town and harbor of Salamaua; A-20s hit troop concentrations at Oivi, where an Australian attack meets firm resistance; transports fly most of the remainder of the 128th Infantry Regiment, 32d Infantry Division to Wanigela Airfield. HQ 90th Bombardment Group and the 319th, 320th, 321st and 400th Bombardment Squadrons arrive at Iron Range, from Hawaii with B-24s (first mission is 13 Nov). Lost on a ferry flight is P-38F piloted by Porter and P-38F 42-12649.

THURSDAY, 5 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Weather reconnaissance is flown over Kiska and Little Kiska.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-25s unsuccessfully attack a schooner near Arawe. Lost is C-47 "The Broadway Limited" Serial Number 41-38615.

FRIDAY, 6 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A weather aircraft is forced back near Kiska.

(Tenth Air Force): INDIA AIR TASK FORCE (IATF): 25th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, based at Karachi, sends a detachment to operate from Sadiya with P-40s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): A single B-25 attacks a destroyer off the S tip of New Ireland, no hits are scored. General Douglas MacArthur arrives in Point Moresby, New Guinea, where the Advanced Echelon of GHQ opens to direct operations. Force landed is DC-5 Tail Code VH-CXB near Charleville. Lost due to engine failure is P-40E "The Spoddessape" 41-25178.

SATURDAY, 7 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Six B-24s and two B-26s attack the submarine base at Kiska Harbor, slightly damaging float fighters and a seaplane beached by storm; a B-17 flies reconnaissance over the airfield west of Holtz Bay and bombs the submarine base and bomb the previously damaged Borneo Maru in Gertrude Cove off Kiska.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): A-20s bomb and strafe forces at Kakandeta in the Owen Stanley Range; B-25s attack seaplanes at Lasonga and shipping at Maklo in the Bismarck Archipelago. The 65th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Iron Range to Mareeba with B-17s (first mission is 12 Nov).

IJN: HA-11 Type A Midget Submarine is launched off Guadalcanal and damages the USS Majaba (AG-43), forcing it to beach to prevent sinking. Responding, USS Lansdowne DD-486 and USS Lardner DD-487 search for the submarine, but fail to damage it. Afterwards, scuttled off western Guadalcanal.

SUNDAY, 8 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): In the Aleutians there is an intermittent air alert. A Weather aircraft returns due to icing.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-25s bomb the radio station and airfield on Gasmata. A-20s hit forces in the Oivi area as Australian ground forces push over the Owen Stanley Mountains; Fifth AF transports fly the final elements of the 128th Infantry Regiment, 32nd Infantry Division, from Port Moresby to Wanigela Airfield; the 80th Fighter Squadron, 8th Fighter Group, moves from Port Moresby to Milne Bay with P-39s and P-400s. The 64th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Iron Range to Mareeba with B-17s. Crash landed is P-40E piloted by Howard (KIA).

MONDAY, 9 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Two B-26s and four P-38s bomb the Borneo Maru beached in Gertrude Cove off Kiska ; no hits; Two P-38s then strafe Kiska Harbor. One B-17 and 4 P-38s attack Holtz Bay on Attu and Attu Airfield, destroying 8 float Zekes; One B-17 flies weather reconnaissance over Attu, Kiska, and Segula.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): A-20s hit troops at Oivi in support of an Australian offensive in the Owen Stanley Range; B-26s bomb Buna while B-25s score a hit on a merchant vessel off the southern tip of New Ireland and attack a schooner off Salamaua; airlift of elements of the 126th Infantry Regiment, 32nd Infantry Division, from Port Moresby to forward areas begins; the first elements are flown to Abel's Field and move overland to Pongani. Lost is C-47 "Full House" 41-18587.

USMC Lost on a flight from Espiritu Santo is R4D 4696.

TUESDAY, 10 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Reconnaissance is flown over Attu, Semichi, Segula, Alaid, and Kiska. Five B-24s and one B-17 bomb Kiska submarine base, but are unable to release all their bombs. Two P-38s and an OA-10 fly local air coverage.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, B-26s bomb AA positions and supply dumps along the Sanananda-Soputa Trail. A-20s hit positions at Soputa as Australian ground forces push the Japanese from Oivi toward the mouth of the Kumusi River. The 30th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 19th Bombardment Group (Heavy), begins a movement from Mareeba to the US (the squadron will convert to B-29s and return to the Pacific in Jan 45). Lost is C-47 "Flying Dutchman" 41-18564.

RAAF: Exploded on a training flight is DB-7 Boston A28-12.

WEDNESDAY, 11 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Three B-26s, three B-17s, and three B-24s biomb Kiska; the B-26s make unsuccessful runs on the Borneo Maru in Gertrude Cove. B-17s and B-24s are unable to locate the submarine base due to bad weather. A weather aircraft flies over Attu and Amchitka.

(CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (Tenth Air Force): INDIA AIR TASK FORCE (IATF): 9 P-40s hit Shinghbwiyang, Burma, causing heavy damage.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA (SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): Search aircraft from Guadalcanal report at least sixty-one Japanese ships in the Buin-Tonolai area; other ships are massed at Rabaul.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-17s attack shipping off the S coast of Bougainville, including B-17F 41-24528. A-20s bomb and strafe targets in the Wairopi area; HQ, 126th Infantry Regiment, US 32d Infantry Division, is flown from Port Moresby to Pongani. HQ V Fighter Command arrives in Australia from the US; Brigadier General Paul B Wurtsmith is named Commanding General.

IJN: Scuttled is HA-30 Type A midget submarine (crew survived)

THURSDAY, 12 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Bombers are on alert at Umnak and Adak to attack any reported naval targets; intermittent fighter patrols fly over Adak. The 344th Fighter Squadron, 343d Fighter Group, based at Elmendorf Field sends a detachment to Cold Bay with P-40s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-17s bomb shipping at Tonolai Harbor. The 3d Battalion of the 126th Infantry Regiment, US 32d Infantry Division, is airlifted from Port Moresby to Pongani; the troops immediately start overland toward Natunga; the 2d Battalion, flown in earlier, reaches Bofu. HQ 374th Troop Carrier Group is activated at Brisbane.

USN - Naval Battle of Guadalcanal (12-15 Nov) begins as Japanese aricraft attack U.S. transports Guadalcanal.

USMC - Lost is R4D-1 Dakota 01648.

FRIDAY, 13 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Reconnaissance over Attu and Agattu reveals five landing barges in Chichagof Harbor on Attu.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA (SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): Air strength on Guadalcanal is raised by the arrival of 3 B-26s of the 69th and 70th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 38th Bombardment Group (Medium), from New Hebrides as the naval battle of Guadalcanal continues.

Guadalacanal - Japanese cruisers and destroyers bombard Henderson Field on Guadalcanal during the night of 13/14 Nov, and destroy one of the new P-38s. They engage RAdm Callaghan's task group of cruisers and destroyers, U.S. force are heavily damaged. The USS Juneau is sunk off the coast of Guadalcanal, killing the majority of her crew, including the five Sullivan brothers. Japanese ships retire to the north after the bombardment.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-17s bomb shipping off Tonolai-Komaleai Point and the airfield at Kahili Airfield. A B-17 strafes a schooner in Lorengau Harbor.

SATURDAY, 14 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): One B-24 flies armed reconnaissance over Kiska and Attu and bomb Holtz Bay at Attu and Chichagof Harbor with negative results; bombers at Adak and Umnak are alerted for shipping targets.

(CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (Tenth Air Force): INDIA AIR TASK FORCE (IATF): The following squadrons of the 7th Bombardment Group begin operating or move to Gaya with B-24s: 9th Bombardment Squadron based at Karachi, begins operating from Gaya with B-24s - 436th Bombardment Squadron moves from Ambon Lahabad to Gaya - 492d Bombardment Squadron moves from Karachi to Gaya.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA (SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): Aircraft from the US aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CV-6) are joined by landbased US Marine Corps and AAF aircraft in driving off the force that bombarded Henderson Field on Guadalcanal the previous night. In view of the pressing need for aircraft in the SOPAC, Admiral Chester W Nimitz [Commander-in-Chief SOPAC (CINCPOA)] is given more freedom to deploy his air weapons; he receives authority to distribute as he sees fit all available air units assigned to the S and C Pacific provided he move units rather than individual aircraft and crews.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): A B-25 bombs and strafes the track north of Soputa; Aircraft drop bridging equipment at Wairopi on the Kokoda Trail where the Australian 25 Brigade is crossing on improvised bridge; US and Australian forces are consolidating at Natunga and in the Oro Bay-Embogu-Embi areas. 2 B-17s attack transport in the Solomons.

SUNDAY, 15 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): The 21st Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 30th Bombardment Group (under control of the 28th Composite Group), ceases operating from Adak and returns to base on Umnak with B-24s. The 406th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 41st Bombardment Group (Medium) (attached to 28th Composite Group), arrives at Elmendorf Field from the US with A-29s and B-18s (the squadron has been operating from Alaska since June 42).

Guadalcanal - Rear Admiral Willis A Lee's force of 2 battleships [USS Washington (BB-56) and USS South Dakota (BB-57)] and 3 destroyers meets and turns back a larger Japanese force, sinking the battleship Kirishima and a destroyer while losing a destroyer. This ends the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal (12-15 Nov) which involved squadrons of the 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy), as well as the 69th and 70th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 72d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), and the 39th and 339th Fighter Squadrons. The Japanese beach several transports landing supplies, including: Kinugawa Maru, Hirokawa Maru, Yamazuki Maru, Yamaura Maru,

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): A-20s strafe targets near Gona while B-25s and B-26s pound AA positions at Buna and Soputa as US and Australian ground forces prepare to move against the Buna-Gona beachhead. B-17s hit shipping at Rabaul. Force landing on the return is B-24D-1 "The Condor" 41-23718. Other B-24s bomb the Buin-Fasai area. Lost are B-24D "Lady Beverly" 41-23760. Also force landed is B-17E "Spawn of Hell" 41-2662, later repaired. Also lost is B-26B "Dixie Belle" 41-17558.

The 435th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 19th Bombardment Group (Heavy), begins a movement from Townsville to the US (the squadron will re-equip with B-29s and return to the Pacific in Aug 1945).

MONDAY, 16 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A weather reconnaissance flight is flown over Kiska and Attu. On Attu demolition charges are dropped on Holtz Bay, AA guns, and on a village; results are not observed.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-26s, B-25s, and A-20s pound the areas around Buna, Gona, Soputa, Sanananda, and Giruwa, hitting AA positions, buildings, barges, and troop concentrations. Lost on a ferry flight is A-20A 40-155.

After midnight at Iron Range Airfield the 90th BG was taking off on their first bombing mission against Rabaul. Ten B-24 take off on the mission, but four abort due to bad weather and missing is B-24D "Punjab" 41-11902. The eleven B-24 to take off, B-24D "Bombs To Nip On" 41-23942 crashed on take off and destroys B-17F 41-24522 and damages ? and B-24D "Big Emma" 41-23751 (repaired). Eleven are killed on the ground. Lost is B-25D

New Guinea - Australian 7 Division and U.S. Army 32nd Infantry Division move forward against the Buna-Gona beachhead.

TUESDAY, 17 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A weather a reconnaissance aircraft is forced back by weather west of Kiska. Bombers are on alert to attack surface vessels.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-26s hit Gona Mission as the U.S. Army 32nd Infantry and Australian 7 Divisions continue to move toward the Buna-Gona beachhead. B-25s bomb Lae Airfield and Gasmata Airfield. A lone B-24 bombs the wharf area at Rabaul. Lost are P-40E 41-36166 and P-40E 41-24821.

RAAF: Beaufighters from 30 Squadron make a low level strafing raid over Lae Airfield.

WEDNESDAY, 18 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): An armed reconnaissance is flown over Kiska and Attu, no bombs are dropped.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-25s bomb Lae Airfield and Salamaua Airfield; B-17s attack warships 50 miles southwest of Gasmata located off the southern coast of New Britain, 17 miles north of Buna, and between Gona and Cape Ward Hunt; B-26s bomb and strafe the area between Cape Endaiadere and Buna. The 28th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy), begins a movement from Mareeba to the US (squadron will return to Guam in Jan 45 with B-29s).

Lost is B-17F- 41-24531

USA: Missing on a training fight is AT-7 Navigator piloted by Gamber.

THURSDAY, 19 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Reconnaissance aircraft over Attu and Agattu sights two unidentified float monoplanes east of Buldir.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA (SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): The 12th Fighter Squadron, 15th Fighter Group, moves from Christmas to Efate with P-39s.

IJN: HA-37 Midget Submarine is scuttled off Cape Esperence on Guadalcanal.

FRIDAY, 20 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A reconnaissance aircraft over Kiska draws heavy AA from Gertrude Cove.

(CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (Tenth Air Force): INDIA AIR TASK FORCE (IATF): Eight B-24s bomb the marshalling yard at Mandalay as IATF bombers, commanded by Colonel Conrad F. Necrason, intensify their campaign against Burma and Thailand.

RAAF: Wirraway A20-519 flies a reconnaissance mission over Gona.

SATURDAY, 21 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A reconnaissance is flown over Kiska, Attu, and Agattu.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): A-20s and B-25s pound the airfield, AA positions, and bridge at Buna and hit the village of Sanananda in support of Allied ground forces; the Australian-US force is advancing from Soputa toward Sanananda; US forces driving on Buna are halted by strong bunker positions at The Triangle where trails to Buna mission and Buna village meet. Force landed is A-20A "Old Man Mose" 40-101 and P-40E 41-5607.

RAAF: Wirraway A20-519 force lands at Wairopi Airstrip, both crew survive and are later rescued.

SUNDAY, 22 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A B-24 flies reconnaissance over Kiska, Attu, and Agattu; bombers and fighters are alerted for a 23 Nov mission to find and destroy a reported five vessel convoy.

(CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (Tenth Air Force): INDIA AIR TASK FORCE (IATF): Six B-24s inflict heavy damage on the railroad center at Mandalay.

(POA, Seventh Air Force): The critical lack of aircraft repair and maintenance facilities is alleviated somewhat by the arrival of the 13th Air Depot and the 6th and 29th Service Groups; the units are based on New Caledonia and Espiritu Santo .

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA (SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): HQ 4th Photographic Group arrives on New Caledonia from the US.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): A-20s pound trails around Sanananda while B-26s hit the Buna area; B-17s and B-25s hit Lae Airfield and barges between Lae and Salamaua, and attack warships 68 miles (109 km) southwest of Arawe and elsewhere in the Solomon Sea. Lost are P-40E 41-5613 (MIA), P-40E 41-5610 (survived), P-400 BW105 (MIA) and B-17E 41-2536.

MONDAY, 23 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A reconnaissance is flown over Kiska, Attu, Agattu, and Amchitka.

(CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (Tenth Air Force): CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF): 9 B-25s and 7 P-40s feint at Hong Kong, then fly to the Gulf of Tonkin sinking a freighter and damage two others near Haiphong. 6 B-25s and 17 P-40s pound Tien Ho Airfield claiming 40+ aircraft destroyed on the field; these strikes follow 3 weeks of missions in support of Chinese forces along the Siang-Chiang River.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): A-20s and B-26s pound Sanananda Point as Australian forces begin their assault on Gona and US forces approach Sanananda; the 403d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Iron Range to Turnbull Airfield.

TUESDAY, 24 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): One B-24 flies reconnaissance over Kiska; weather precludes the westward continuation of reconnaissance; a scheduled mission of 8 B-24s and 4 B-26s to Kiska is called off due to icing conditions.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA (SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): Search aircraft over the Buin area report a large number of destroyers and cargo vessels in the harbor. By this date elements of the Americal Division have pushed along the N coast of Guadalcanal to a position S of Point Cruz where they wait until a general offensive can be prepared following the arrival of reinforcements. Throughout these operations P-39s have continually hit ground positions and troops all along the coast, flying as many as 11 strikes on some days.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): A-20s, B-25s, B-26s, B-17s, P-40s, P-39s, and P-400s hit Sanananda Point, and the Buna area, the Sanananda-Soputa Trail south of Sanananda, and the area between Cape Killerton and Sanananda Point as Allied forces launch a ground assault on The Triangle; the attack is repelled by fierce resistance; B-17s bomb destroyers and a light cruiser between Lae and Finschhafen. Bombed is Hayashio that was later scuttled.

RAAF: Force landed is Ford 5-AT-C A45-1 at Myola Lake. Ditched is Beaufort A9-2. Over Darwin, G4M1 Betty 5414 is shot down by P-40E A29-113 piloted by Richard C. "Dick" Cresswell

WEDNESDAY, 25 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A reconnaissance is flown over Kiska, Attu and the Semichi.

CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF): B-25s and P-40s cripple three freighters on Pearl River near Canton.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): P-38s hit the airfield at Lae; a B-25 scores a hit on a cruiser off Tami.

THURSDAY, 26 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A B-24 reconnoitering Holtz Bay on Attu spots shipping targets which are subsequently hit by four B-26s escorted by four P-38s; 1 large vessel is claimed afire and sinking; reconnaissance is flown over Rat, shipping off Kiska, Agattu and Semichi and the N coast of Attu; 2 P-38s and 1 B-26 sustain minor damage.

South Pacific: Shootout between B-17E 41-2433 and H6K2 Mavis, both damaged in the combat.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): US and Australian ground forces carry out limited attacks on the Buna front, making little progress; in an effort to break Japanese air superiority over Buna, P-40s, A-20s, and B-25s pound airfields and AA positions in the area; B-26s strike the Salamaua area. Lost is C-47 "Swamp Rat" 41-38601 and C-47 41-38631.

IJN: Japanese fighters and bombers of the 582 Kokutai took off from Lae Airfield and attacked the Buna area of ground combat area. They claimed two Douglas transports destroyed: C-47 "Swamp Rat" 41-38601 and C-47 41-38631. Also two C-47s were damaged as well as damage to ground targets and a transport ship, lugger Helen Dawn that had run aground and was strafed and destroyed. There was also air combat with P-40s from the 8th Fighter Squadron. Also sunk are three Allied small ships: Bonwin, Minnamurra, Alacrity and a captured Japanese barge.

A Japanese radio message states 10 Zeros and 7 Val dive bombers were available at Lae Airfield. Various Allied reports place the number of attacking Japanese aircraft at 15, 13, 11 or 8 at various points during the attacks. In addition the Japanese hit US (3Bn/128th Inf) and Australian positions (inc a field hosp). Aussies suffered 22 killed (inc 2 MDs) and about 50 wounded, US lost 6 killed. References: Japanese monograph on naval SE Area air ops via Richard Dunn.

Field Guide to the Kokoda Track page 420:
"Some low reconnaissance flights were immediately followed up by a raid by 13 Zeros that bombed both Soputa and a nearby American clearing hospital. Six Americans were killed, but worse was in store for the Australians. At the MDS, sited in a clearing by the roadside and practically devoid of cover, 22 Australians were killed and approximately another 50 patients, field ambulance personnel and visitors were wounded. Among those lost were two well-beloved Australian medical officers, Majors Ian Vickery and Hew McDonald of the 2/4th Field Ambulance, both of whom had done outstanding work during the campaign over the ranges."

The same book goes on to list the following 10 AA Medical Corps members killed in the attack:
27-NOV-1942:
Pte George E Antees, NX71582 (KIA)
Sig Dean B George, NX46705 (KIA)
Pte Keith A Kuch, VX29147 (KIA)
Pte Keith A Lawler, TX3638 (KIA)
T/Maj Hew F McDonald, VX14704 (KIA)
L/Cpl Arthur M Moodie, NX25177 (KIA)
Pte Edmund Schubert, NX52126 (KIA)
Spr Horace W Thomas, NX53514 (KIA)
Maj Ian F Vickery, NX473 (KIA)
Pte Gordon L Pugh, NX67499 (DOW 31-DEC-1942)

ABMC for those listed as KIA with the 128th Infantry Regiment, 32nd Infantry Division on 26/27-NOV-1942 and have come up with the following five names. Note that there were other personnel, serving with other parts of the 32nd Inf Div also killed on these dates, so these are not confirmed to have been KIA in the air raid...

26-NOV-1942:
Pvt Howard Adams, 37067179 (KIA - Buried Manila)
PFC Ralph Carpinelli, 36111734 (KIA - Buried Manila)
Sgt Walter J Zimmerman, 20650622 (KIA - Buried Manila)

27-NOV-1942:
Pvt Joseph A Jack, 36206332 (KIA - Buried Manila)
PFC Daniel H Phetteplace, 20650474 (KIA - Buried Manila)

RAAF - Lost over Buna is DB-7 Boston A28-22 and P-40E 41-5645.

FRIDAY, 27 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Photo reconnaissance covers Kiska, Amchitka and Attu; a ship attacked in Holtz Bay on Attu on the previous day is observed lower in water and still burning.

CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF): 10 B-25s and 20+ P-40s, the largest CATF effort in China to date, hit shipping and harbor installations at Hong Kong, firing warehouses and claiming 2 freighters and numerous barges sunk; a large force of fighters intercept during the return trip but are driven off by the escort; the P-40s and B-25s claim several airplanes
shot down.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, B-26s pound the Buna area, hitting buildings, the airfield, and other targets, as Allied ground forces prepare to renew attacks in the Buna-Gona area. Lost is B-25D "White Russian" 41-29699.

In Papua New Guinea, the Japanese under Major General Tsuyuo Yamagata at Napapo is ordered to move to Giruwa by sea.

US Army: On the Urbana front, Company B, U.S. 127th Infantry Regiment, 32d Infantry Division, breaks through to Companies A and F near the coast, and Company C engages in clearing bunkers north of the gardens. The Japanese defense of Old Strip slackens as a withdrawal is begun. The Warren Force finishes clearing the runway except for stubborn a bunker position to the rear of the dispersal bay. Additional Allied tanks and cargo are unloaded at Oro Bay, during the night of December 27-28, 1942. Regimental Combat Team 163, U.S. 41st Infantry Division, arrives at Port Moresby from Australia.

SATURDAY, 28 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A B-24 photographs a beached freighter at Holtz Bay on Attu drawing no AA fire during ten runs over the bay, and flies reconnaissance over Kiska. Lost on a ferry flight from Alaska to Washington is P-38E 41-2276.

(CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (Tenth Air Force): CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF): In China, the detachment of the 11th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 341st Bombardment Group (Medium), operating from Nanning with B-25s, returns to base at Kunming (another detachment is operating from Karachi).

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-26s bomb the airfields at Lae and Buna; elements of the 126th Infantry Regiment, US 32d Infantry Division arrive on the Sanananda front from Wairopi. Crash landed is F-4 "Fainting Flozzie II" 41-2123.

IJN: Lost is HA-10 Type A Midget Submarine (missing)

SUNDAY, 29 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A B-24 over Holtz Bay on Attu reports the vessel bombed and damaged on 26 Nov as still sinking. One B-26 flies an uneventful reconnaissance over the southern shore of Kiska.

(Tenth Air Force): CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF): B-25s bomb Hongay and Campho on the French Indochina coast. The 16th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group (attached to 23d Fighter Group), moves from Kweilin to Chenyi with P-40s.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA (SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): A detachment of the 33d Troop Carrier Squadron, 374th Troop Carrier Group, ceases operating from New Caledonia (another detachment is operating from Cairns, the squadron is enroute from the US to Australia.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): B-17s, P-40s, and A-20s pound the Gona area while B-25s and a single A-20 bomb Lae Airfield.

B-17s intercept a force of four troop carrying destroyers proceeding through the Vitiaz Strait without air cover; the B-17s damage 2 vessels and cause the others to turn back, thus preventing reinforcement of Gona with fresh troops from Rabaul.

A Japanese convoy of four destroyers proceeding through the Vitiaz Strait bound for the Buna area is spottend and shadowed by B-17F 41-24546 that fails to return from the mission. A striking force of six B-24s from the 90th BG, 319th BS were deployed and encountered two Zeros were near Salamaua at 0745. Each made one pass and were engaged by gunners. One B-24 bombed Lae Airfield at 8:00am and the five attacked the convoy at 9:00. B-24s attacking convoy apparently did not encounter escorting fighters over the convoy and dropped their bombs. Shiratsuyu received one direct hit with 21 killed. Makigumo suffered a near miss. Ditched is B-25D "Bird Dog" 41-29724 (survived).

(RAAF) DB-7 Boston A28-20 (KIA) exploded mid-air over Gona.

MONDAY, 30 NOVEMBER 1942

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): A B-24 flies reconnaissance over Semichi and Attu; other flights are prevented by weather.

(Tenth Air Force) INDIA AIR TASK FORCE: B-24s attack shipping off Port Blair claiming damage to 1 vessel by near misses; this strike begins a series of raids on this water approach to Burma. The 9th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Tenth AF, moves from Karachi to Chakulia with F-4s (a flight is operating from Kunming).

(POA, Seventh Air Force): SOUTH PACIFIC AREA (SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): In the Battle of Tassafaronga, the US Navy turns back a Japanese effort "Tokyo Express" to land troops in the Tassafaronga area of Guadalcanal during the night of 30 Nov/1 Dec. An average of 1,000 soldiers are transported per night. The 31st Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy), arrives on Espiritu Santo from Hawaii with B-17s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, B-25s and B-26s pound the airfield, AA positions, and defenses in the Buna area; 3 attempts by Allied ground forces to take Buna fail; US forces establish Huggins Road Block behind enemy forces on the Soputa-Sanananda Trail but frontal and flanking assaults make little headway. Lost in a dogfight over Dobodura is P-40E piloted by Voorhees and P-40E piloted by Johnston.

Japan: In Yokohama Harbor, an explosion aboard the supply ship Uckermark sent burning debris onto Thor, Nankin/Leuthen and Unkai Maru, destroying all four ships.

 

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