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    Midway Airfield (Eastern Island Airfield) Midway USA

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78th FS c1943

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USN 1945

Midway Airfield is located on Eastern Island at Midway Atoll. Also known as "Eastern Island Airfield".

Built prewar. During the Pacific War, Midway Airfield was expanded.

Wartime History
On September 5, 1941 B-17 Flying Fortresses flying via Hickham Field across the Pacific bound for the Philippines landed at Midway Airfield to refuel.

On December 17, 1941, 17 SB2U-3 Vindicators of VMSB-231, led by a PBY of Patrol Wing 1, arrived at Midway from Oahu, completing the longest mass flight by single-engine aircraft then on record: 9 hours, 45 minutes. It was the same squadron that was en route to Midway on December 7th, aboard USS Lexington when reports of the attack on Pearl Harbor forced the carrier to turn back.

On May 17, 1942 the 7th Air Force was placed on alert in anticipation of a possible attack on Midway. For the next 10 days B-18 Bolos were used used on sea search missions to supplement B-17's. During this period, 7th Bomber Command receives an influx of B-17's and the 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy), 72d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), is converted from B-18's to B-17's.

American units at Midway
VT-8 (TBF)
VP-137 (PV-1 detachment) Kaneohe August 22, 1944 - October 15, 1944 Mokerang
VMF-221 (F2A Buffalo)
VMSB-241 (SBD)
7th Air Force
318th FG, 73rd FS (P-40E) USS Saratoga Jun 42 - Jan 26, 43 Kaneohe
307th BG, 371st BS (B-24) Wheeler Jan 20 - Jan 26, 1943 Wheeler
15th FG, 78th FS (P-40K) Hawaii Jan 23 - April 23, 43 to Barking Sands

Late in the war, US Navy NATS (Naval Air Transport Service) operated a small detachment at this airfield, to service two round trip flights per week from Honolulu Airfield (John Rodgers).

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Last Updated
September 30, 2016


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